Today in History: Ankara Sivas Railway Line and Sivas Station Opened to Service

Sivas Train Station
Sivas Train Station

August 30 is the 242th (243th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 123.

Railways

  • 30 August 1930 Ankara-Sivas line and Sivas Station opened. 602 km. even 36 tunnel was built and 41.200.000 pounds were spent. Prime Minister Ismet Pasha speaking at the opening; Ankara If there were Ankara-Erzurum railways, it would have been suspicious for Europe to enter the Sakarya campaign, ”he said.
  • 1908 – Hejaz Railway opened.
  • 1930 – Ankara-Sivas railway line and Sivas Station were put into service with the speech of Prime Minister İsmet Pasha.
  • 1996 ANKARAY Light Rail Operating System, operating between AŞTİ and Dikimevi, was put into service

Olaylar 

  • 1071 – After the victory of Manzikert, the Turks under the command of Alparslan began to enter Anatolia.
  • 1914 – The German Empire Coastal Artillery Detachment began duty in the fortifications on both sides of the Dardanelles. German Admiral Von Usedom was appointed to command these fortifications.
  • 1918 – Shot of Lenin: Assassination attempt on Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin occurs. Despite being seriously injured, Lenin managed to survive the assassination.
  • 1922 – Turkish War of Independence: The Battle of Dumlupınar, personally led by the Commander-in-Chief, Marshal Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, resulted in the decisive victory of the Turkish Army. The Commander-in-Chief of the Greek Army, Nikolaos Trikupis, and his staff were captured.
  • 1924 – Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha laid the foundation of the “Unknown Soldier Monument” in Dumlupınar, on the second anniversary of the Battle of Dumlupınar.
  • 1924 – Türkiye İş Bankası started its activities by making its first transaction. The founding capital of the bank was TL 1 million.
  • 1925 - Mustafa Kemal Pasha, "Gentlemen and people, know well that the Republic of Turkey cannot be a land of sheikhs, dervishes, disciples and members. The truest and most genuine tariqa is the tariqat-i madaniyye." said.
  • 1937 – Sabiha Gökçen, the adopted daughter of Atatürk, was awarded the "Aviator Diploma" at the Eskişehir Air School, which she entered in 1935.
  • 1937 – The first ferry service was made in Lake Van.
  • 1941 – The German Army reaches the Neva River and cuts off the last rail link from Leningrad, carrying out the first phase of the Siege of Leningrad. On September 8, 1941, with the last land connection of the city cut off, the siege began, which would last 872 days.
  • 1952 – Aziziye Monument was opened in Erzurum.
  • 1955 – At the London Conference, the “Cyprus Question” was discussed. Britain proposed a tripartite administration in Cyprus. Greece, on the other hand, wanted the islanders to determine their own future. Fatin Rüştü Zorlu, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs from Turkey, attended the meeting.
  • 1963 - After the Cuban missile crisis, the "Red telephone" line, which will allow direct talks between the Soviet Union (Kremlin) and the USA (White House), was activated.
  • 1971 – Istanbul Television started trial broadcasts.
  • 1974 – The UN Security Council unanimously approved the joint resolution of France, England and Austria, which stipulates that those who left their homes due to the fighting in Cyprus should be allowed to return safely.
  • 1977 – General Kenan Evren was appointed to the Land Forces Command.
  • 1981 - Iranian President Mohammad Ali Rajai and Prime Minister Mohammad Javad Bahomar are killed in a bomb attack.
  • 1985 – Amnesty International submits a report to the UN Human Rights Commission. The report called for an end to the Bulgarianization campaign against the Turkish minority in Bulgaria.
  • 1988 – Thousands of Kurds fleeing the Iraqi Army clustered on the Turkish border. The government decided to open the borders and the Kurds took refuge in the Çukurca and Uludere districts of Hakkari.
  • 1992 – Security forces clashed with some 300 PKK militants who entered Turkey from Iran; 100 militants and 10 security guards were killed.
  • 1995 - NATO launches an air campaign against Bosnian Serbs. Decisive Force Operation, II. It was one of the most intense bombardments in Europe since World War II.

births 

  • 1748 – Jacques-Louis David, French painter (d. 1825)
  • 1758 – Cristóbal Bencomo y Rodríguez, Spanish Catholic priest (confessor of Fernando VII) (d. 1825)
  • 1797 – Mary Shelley, English writer (d. 1851)
  • 1804 – Alexander Chodzko, Polish poet, researcher, diplomat (d. 1891)
  • 1811 – Théophile Gautier, French poet and novelist (d. 1872)
  • 1852 – Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Dutch chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1911)
  • 1852 Evelyn De Morgan, English painter (d. 1919)
  • 1852 – J. Alden Weir, American impressionist painter (d. 1919)
  • 1871 – Ernest Rutherford, English physicist (d. 1937)
  • 1879 – Rıza Nur, Turkish politician, writer and physician (d. 1942)
  • 1883 – Theo van Doesburg, Dutch artist (d. 1931)
  • 1884 – Theodor Svedberg, Swedish chemist (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Raymond Massey, Canadian-born American stage and screen actor (d. 1983)
  • 1898 – Shirley Booth, American stage, film, radio and television actress (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – Joan Blondell, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Edward Purcell, American physicist (d. 1997)
  • 1912 - Nancy Wake, World War II. Australian spy, one of the leading figures of the French resistance and the Normandy Landings in World War II (d. 2011)
  • 1913 – Richard Stone, English economist (d. 1991)
  • 1917 – Denis Healey, former British minister, Labor politician (d. 2015)
  • 1919 – Kitty Wells, American country music singer (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – Angelo Dundee, American boxing trainer (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Sami Hazinses, Armenian-Turkish film actor (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Bill Daily, American actor (d. 2018)
  • 1927 – Piet Kee, Dutch composer and organist (d. 2018)
  • 1928 – Altan Kardaş, Turkish cinema, theater actor and voice actor (d. 2021)
  • 1930 – Ahmet Muvaffak Falay, Turkish jazz trumpeter
  • 1930 – Warren Buffett, American entrepreneur
  • 1935 – John Phillips, American singer and musician (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Bruce McLaren, New Zealand race car driver and McLaren team founder (d. 1970)
  • 1940 – Suna Keskin, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actress
  • 1941 – Zafer Kantarcıoğlu, Turkish lawyer
  • 1942 – Zafer Ergin, Turkish theater actor
  • 1944 – Tug McGraw, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Anne-Marie, King of Ancient Greece II, who reigned from 1964 to 1973. Constantine's wife
  • 1946 – Peggy Lipton, American actress (d. 2019)
  • 1948 – Fred Hampton, Black activist, Marxist-Leninist, and revolutionary socialist (d. 1969)
  • 1950 – Antony Gormley, English sculptor
  • 1951 – Gediminas Kirkilas, Lithuanian politician
  • 1951 – Dana Rosemary Scallon, Irish singer
  • 1951 – Ahmet Üzümcü, Turkish diplomat
  • 1952 – Łukasz Kubot was a Polish professional tennis player.
  • 1953 – Robert Parish, American basketball player
  • 1954 – Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus
  • 1955 – Zafer Atay, Turkish volleyball player and coach
  • 1958 – Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1959 – Mohammed bin Nayef, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia and Minister of the Interior
  • 1961 – Yusuf Erbay, Turkish bureaucrat
  • 1961 – Zafer Algöz, Turkish cinema and TV series actor
  • 1962 – Alexander Litvinenko, Russian KGB member (d. 2006)
  • 1962 – Zafer Tuzun, Turkish football player and coach
  • 1963 – Michael Chiklis, American actor
  • 1963 – Paul Oakenfold, British DJ
  • 1963 – Sabine Oberhauser, Austrian physician and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1966 – Zafer Şanlı, Turkish bass guitarist, lyricist, composer and arranger
  • 1969 – Vladimir Jugović, Yugoslav national football player
  • 1970 – Mehmet Özgür, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor
  • 1970 – Paulo Sousa, Portuguese coach and former international football player
  • 1972 - Cameron Diaz, American actress and model
  • 1972 – Pavel Nedvěd, Czech football player
  • 1974 – Javier Otxoa Palacios, Spanish male racing cyclist (d. 2018)
  • 1974 – Kemal Tunceri, Turkish basketball player
  • 1975 – Marina Anissina, Russian-born French figure skater
  • 1975 – Radi Ca'aydi, Tunisian national football player
  • 1977 – Kamil Kosowski, Polish national football player
  • 1977 – Félix Sánchez, American-Dominican athlete
  • 1978 – Tuna Yılmaz, Turkish film critic and writer
  • 1982 – Andy Roddick, American tennis player
  • 1983 – Jonne Aaron, Finnish musician
  • 1983 – Emmanuel Culio, Argentine former football player
  • 1983 – Simone Pepe, Italian national football player
  • 1985 – Éva Risztov, Hungarian Olympic gold medalist female swimmer
  • 1985 – Eamon Sullivan, Australian swimmer
  • 1986 – Theo Hutchcraft, British singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Zafer Yelen, Turkish football player
  • 1989 – Bebe Rexha, Albanian-American musician and songwriter
  • 1994 – Pablo Yan Fereira, Brazilian football player
  • 1994 – Kwon So-hyun, South Korean singer and actor

Weapon 

  • 526 – Theodoric, 493 – 526 BC king of the Ostrogothic Kingdom in Italy (b. 454)
  • 1181 – III. Alexander, pope from September 7, 1159 until his death
  • 1428 – Shōkō, 101 in Japan's traditional succession (b. 1401)
  • 1483 – XI. Louis, King of France (b. 1423)
  • 1622 – Bahauddin Âmili, professor, mystic, architect, mathematician, poet and astronomer (b. 1031)
  • 1928 – Wilhelm Wien, German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (b. 1864)
  • 1935 – Henri Barbusse, French novelist and journalist (b. 1873)
  • 1935 – Namık İsmail, Turkish painter (b. 1890)
  • 1938 – Max Factor, Sr., Jewish-Polish cosmetics manufacturer (b. 1872)
  • 1938 – James Scott, African-American composer (b. 1885)
  • 1940 – JJ Thomson, English physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (b. 1856)
  • 1944 – Carl-Heinrich von Stülpnagel, German officer (b. 1886)
  • 1961 – Charles Coburn, American film and stage actor (b. 1877)
  • 1970 – Abraham Zapruder, Ukrainian-born American clothing manufacturer (b. 1905)
  • 1971 – Ali Hadi Bara, Turkish sculptor (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Jean Seberg, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1981 – Mohammed Ali Rajai, former president and prime minister of Iran (b. 1933)
  • 1988 – Eren Eyüboğlu, Turkish painter (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Jean Tinguely, Swiss painter, experimental artist, and sculptor (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Taner Şener, Turkish voice artist (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Lindsay Anderson, was a British filmmaker (b. 1923)
  • 1995 – Fischer Black, American economist (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Christine Pascal, French actress (b. 1953)
  • 1997 – Ernst Wilimowski, Polish-German football player (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Gürdal Tosun, Turkish theater artist (b. 1967)
  • 2003 – Charles Bronson, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Donald Davidson, American philosopher (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Nihat Akçan, Turkish theater, film actor and director (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Glenn Ford, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Necip Mahfouz, Egyptian writer (b. 1911)
  • 2008 – Gilberto Rincón Gallardo, Mexican politician (b. 1939)
  • 2010 – Alain Corneau, French film director and writer (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Francisco Varallo, former Argentine national football player (b. 1910)
  • 2013 – Seamus Heaney, Irish poet, writer and translator (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Wes Craven, American film director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Oliver Sacks, English neurologist and author (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Natalia Strelchenko, Russian-Norwegian pianist (b. 1976)
  • 2016 – Eleanor Barooshian, American singer (b. 1950)
  • 2016 – Věra Čáslavská, Czech gymnast (b. 1942)
  • 2016 – Naşide Göktürk, Turkish composer, lyricist and performer (b. 1965)
  • 2017 – Marjorie Boulton, British poet and author (b. 1924)
  • 2017 – Louise Hay, American author (b. 1926)
  • 2017 – Károly Makk was a Hungarian screenwriter and filmmaker (b. 1925)
  • 2018 – Iosif Kobzon, Russian singer (b. 1937)
  • 2018 – Vanessa Marquez, Mexican-American actress (b. 1968)
  • 2019 – Franco Columbu, Italian bodybuilder, author, actor and weightlifter (b. 1941)
  • 2019 – Valerie Harper, American film and television actress, comedian, dancer, and author (b. 1939)
  • 2019 – Hans Rausing, Swedish-British philanthropist (b. 1926)
  • 2019 – Udo Schaefer, German jurist and Baha'i writer (b. 1926)
  • 2020 – Rodolfo Abularach, Guatemalan painter and printer (b. 1933)
  • 2020 – Jacques Galipeau, Canadian actor (b. 1923)
  • 2020 – Cecilia Romo, Mexican stage, film and television actress (b. 1945)

Holidays and special occasions 

  • Turkey Victory Day
  • The liberation of Denizli's Çivril district from the Greek occupation (1922)
  • Liberation of Kütahya from Greek occupation (1922)
  • Liberation of Kütahya's Dumlupınar district from Greek occupation (1922)
  • Liberation of Demirci district of Manisa from Greek occupation (1922)
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