Glaucoma is an Insidious and Irreversible Disease

glaucoma is an insidious and irreversible disorder
glaucoma is an insidious and irreversible disorder

Medicana Sivas Hospital Eye Diseases Specialist Op. Dr. Ayşe Kaplan made statements to draw attention to glaucoma (eye pressure), one of the most common diseases that cause permanent vision loss in the world, and vision loss that can occur without symptoms.

Kiss. Dr. Ayşe Kaplan stated that glaucoma, a common and progressive disease involving the optic nerve, occurs when the fluid pressure inside the eye increases at a level that can damage the optic nerve, and warned that it may lead to vision loss if not treated.

Stating that glaucoma disease, which is known as eye pressure among the people, which can cause blindness in one of 10 detected patients, causes irreversible vision loss. Dr. Ayşe Kaplan drew attention to the fact that even in developed countries, the majority of patients live without being aware of their situation because the disease does not show symptoms. Medicana Sivas Hospital Eye Diseases Specialist Op. Dr. Ayşe Kaplan added that those with conditions such as hypotension, hypertension, diabetes, myopia or those who use cortisone for a long time are at higher risk than normal people.


Dr. Ayşe Kaplan stated that glaucoma occurs due to the formation of obstruction or resistance in the ducts that drain the intraocular fluid structurally or due to subsequent reasons. Noting that the intraocular fluid cannot be discharged at a sufficient level due to the obstruction, Kaplan stated that this situation causes an increase in pressure in the eye and damages the eye nerve cells that provide vision. Giving the information that vision loss occurs due to damage to the eye nerve cells due to the increased intraocular pressure, Kaplan warned that if all of the cells die, permanent vision loss will occur.


Kiss. Dr. Ayşe Kaplan stated that glaucoma is an insidious disease that progresses without symptoms, headache in slightly more fortunate patients, inability to see some parts of the environment, seeing halos with colored light in the eye, and in most patients, the disease cannot be understood until it causes significant vision loss. Noting that glaucoma does not prioritize age and gender, Kaplan stated that those over the age of 40, those with glaucoma in their family, those with diabetes, hypertension, hypotension, myopia and vascular disease, and those who use cortisone for a long time are in the group where glaucoma is more common. Kaplan emphasized that glaucoma can be genetic and that people with eye pressure in their family have a higher risk of developing this disease than normal.

Kiss. Dr. Ayşe Kaplan stated that everyone should have a check-up every three years until the age of 40, and every 40 years after the age of 2. Opr. Dr. Ayşe Kaplan recommended that those with genetic risk, diabetes, hypertension, hypotension, high myopia and vascular diseases should be checked regularly once a year.


He stated that different treatment methods such as drug therapy, laser treatment and surgical treatment can be applied for glaucoma treatment, and direct laser interventions or surgical methods are used especially in cases diagnosed in the late period or in cases where continuous drug use is not appropriate. Kaplan stated that the patient's regular use of the drug in drug treatment has an effect on the success of the treatment, surgical methods have also been very successful in recent years, and that it eliminates the need to use drugs continuously.

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