Stating that the incidence of colon cancer before the age of 50 has doubled in recent years, General Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Cüneyt Kayaalp drew attention to the study of the American Gastroenterology Association. Prof. Dr. Kayaalp stated that according to the study, the scanning age was reduced from 2 to 50.
A study by the American Gastroenterological Association showed that the screening age for colon cancer dropped from 50 to 45. Yeditepe University Koşuyolu Hospital General Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Cuneyt Kayaalp gave information about colon cancer and the importance of screening tests. Expressing that colon or large intestine cancer is always among the top 3 cancers in the world for both genders, Prof. Dr. Cüneyt Kayaalp said, “It is a type of cancer that we see frequently. Genetic factors are effective in the occurrence of colon cancer. People with a family history of colon cancer have a higher incidence of the disease. But besides this, the foods we eat and drink are very important. Inactivity, not consuming pulp foods, GMO foods all increase the risk. Natural, fibrous foods, movement, fluid intake, exercise are very important for protection, ”he said.
Cancer cases doubled, screening is a must before the age of 2
Drawing attention to the importance of screening tests in the treatment of colon cancer, Prof. Dr. Cüneyt Kayaalp, referring to a study conducted by the American Gastroenterology Association, made the following warnings:
“The association makes a breakdown of colon patients according to their age every year. Compared to the 1980s, we see 50 times more common colon cancers under the age of 2 today. Therefore, both the American Gastroenterology Association and the American Cancer Society decided that patients under the age of 50 should be screened. A change in this direction was also made in the guidelines. We now know that screenings over the age of 45 should be performed, and that it is possible to get rid of cancer by early diagnosis and early treatment. Compared to the old years, the rate of colon cancer at younger ages has unfortunately doubled today. For this reason, we are reducing the scanning age from 2 to 50. "
Early stage success rate 90 percent
Reminding that the most metastases in colon cancer are seen in the liver, Prof. Dr. Cüneyt Kayaalp said, “We get good results even in cancers that have spread to the liver. If there were about 100 patients like this, if we had colon cancer that spread to the liver in the 4th stage, we could keep 5 percent of them alive for 35 years. We can achieve these successes with advancing surgical techniques. But our main desire is early diagnosis and early diagnosis. When we diagnose early, we can keep all patients alive. Death does not occur due to early diagnosis of colon cancer. We can completely eliminate this. We are essentially trying to provide it. We get very good results even in advanced stage cancers, but our main goal is early diagnosis. When diagnosed early, our success rate in patients is over 90 percent ”.
What symptoms should be paid attention to?
Yeditepe University Koşuyolu Hospital General Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Cüneyt Kayaalp said, “If your age is over 45, you should definitely have a scan. However, one of the most important symptoms of colon cancer is rectal blood. This can be seen in different rectal diseases. But it should not be overlooked by getting tired of it. An analysis must be done. It is not natural for blood to come from the holes in our body. Therefore, whenever we see any blood here, we must have an examination. We can see this cancer even in the 20s in people with familial predisposition. Some families have a predisposition to cancer. As with many cancers, there is a predisposition to colon cancer and we may encounter cancer patients even in our 20s. When it goes above 45 in the general society, you are at risk of colon cancer even if you do not have any complaints, ”he warned.
Colonoscopy best method
Explaining that the best and healthiest among screening tests is colonoscopy, General Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Cüneyt Kayaalp said, “The procedure is to look inside the intestine with a light instrument. This gives the best results, but besides this, blood tests can be done from stools. Doing them intermittently is the best way to prevent colon cancer. When you apply them, you will not lose your days due to colon cancer. You just need to take time for this, ”he said.