Mass Transportation in Bursa, Which Blows Due to the Outbreak, Will Not Be Like the Old

The mass transportation that is hit by the epidemic in Bursa will not be the same as before.
The mass transportation that is hit by the epidemic in Bursa will not be the same as before.

Burulaş General Manager Kürşat Çapar, who shared shocking data on public transportation that had been hit by the outbreak, said that the number of passengers decreased by 85 percent. Stating that the 50 percent passenger capacity rule is not sustainable, Çapar called for citizens: "In order to work with 50 percent passenger capacity, we need to purchase 800 more vehicles. This means an investment of 500 million liras. We expect the citizen to be sensitive about the choice of hours and wagons. The period when everyone starts to work at 9 in the morning and finishes at 5 in the evening must be left behind. ”

Indicating that the Metropolitan Council is expected to meet for the tender of the T2 Tram Line, which is under construction, Çapar also shared important information regarding traffic congestion and savings measures: “We provided 15 percent fluidity in traffic with small touches. By selling the planes, we recovered 11 million liras of loss per year and provided 7 million cash. We transformed this resource into services that Bursa residents need more and that touch the majority of citizens. ”

Burulaş General Manager Kürşat Çapar was the guest of this week's Monday Interviews.

  • How does Burulaş staff overcome the epidemic process?
  • How was public transportation affected by the epidemic?
  • Traffic jam in Bursa?
  • How is the financial situation?
  • At which stage are the signaling studies?
  • When does the passenger capacity increase?
  • When will the T2 Line be started?
  • Will minibuses be converted into buses?
  • Is there a hike on the horizon?

Mustafa Özdal from Olay Newspaper asked, Çapar answered.


► How are the days of the epidemic? Do you go to work every day?

The epidemic is a serious problem. In this process, we went out of routine. Public transportation is one of the most important risk areas. The risk of healthcare workers is known, but tradesmen and employees working in public transportation are the most important risk group. That's why we implemented quarantine and protective measures. Apart from these, as Burulaş, we switched to short-time working allowance, in order not to enter the crowd and to save money. One-third of the staff is on leave for 10-day periods. This made us have a substitute staff. And I come to work every day because I manage the orchestra.


► How was Bursa's public transportation affected by the epidemic? Can you give us information about occupancy rates?

There are passenger reductions that exceed 85 percent. So we had a serious loss. We are at the focus of the social distance protection measure. Therefore, there was no such thing as reducing our flights by 85 percent.

► Did the most passengers drop in buses or Bursaray?

There are no big differences. It fell from 280 thousand to 50 thousand in Bursaray. There's a bit more reduction in the bus.

► It is predicted that after the outbreak, our old habits will change. For example, we will stay away from crowded environments for a while. In other words, there is an opinion that people will not prefer public transportation for a while. Do you agree?

We are experiencing this nowadays. We are in a completely unrestricted economic and social life and we see that people use their private vehicles compared to the past. This will continue, but as life normalizes, the number of passengers will increase slightly. When we reach the old numbers, there are neither enough tools nor sufficient personnel. We also do not want to reach the number of old passengers. Because we find it difficult to provide safe service.


► Do you have any meaningful data when you compare Bursa's traffic congestion with previous years?

I measure on my own system. The voyage time of a bus line is also an indicator of traffic jams. Accelerations during the epidemic period during tour times. This shows that the traffic flows faster. Compared to 3 years ago, we achieved serious increases in tour times. When we first arrive, we see that our tours, which took 1 hour and 10 minutes, decreased to 50 minutes. Small touches, removal of revolving islands, widening of lanes in Acemler led to a drop in tour times during peak hours. Traffic was about 10,15 percent fluidity.


► What is the financial situation in Bursaray and buses? Do you harm in public transportation?

Public transport is not an area with a lot of money. The journey per kilometer in the bus company is at the level of 1,2. Okay, there are many passengers in the morning, but there are also very few passengers. We have a serious financial burden during the low number of passengers. We were balancing some of this burden with Bursaray's revenues and other activities, and we actually have a company that has settled the balance of payments. Free travel is also subsidized by the municipality. In other words, there is a torsion which is roasted in its own oil but makes very important investments. 150 million pounds of signalization and porilisation is also done by Burulaş's resources. We spent the resources we obtained from the planes we sold to Bursa. It was also revealed how accurate we made a decision. By operating more vehicles, we protect the social distance and protect the citizen from risks. We also changed all the elevators of Bursaray. We bought more than 50 new vehicles with our equity and 20 vehicles will arrive in June. We buy 70 vehicles with our equity. Consequently, Burulaş has a structure that can grow its fleet, increase its capacity, and achieve modernization work and maintain the income-expenditure balance. But the Covid-19 process created a serious handicap.

► You mentioned the sale of aircraft owned by Burulaş. How much did these sales save?

Selling the planes had two benefits. To get rid of annual damage and get resources. By selling the planes, we recovered 2 million liras of loss per year and provided 11 million cash. We turned this resource into services that Bursa residents need more and that touch the majority of citizens.


► At what stage are signalization studies in Bursaray? When will the passenger capacity increase?

Cable cutting operations are completed. Equipment assemblies are made. The fact that the contractor firm was of German origin caused a malfunction because we are in the epidemic process. But finally, we conducted a factory acceptance test. We also realized the tender of 2 substations. Our plans were to increase the capacity in September and to run more vehicles on the first day of schools opening. But there may be some sagging.


► Metropolitan Mayor Alinur Aktaş said in their last statement regarding the T2 Tram Line that they had solved the financial problem. What is the latest situation on the T2 Line that has not been completed for years?

This issue is a little bit in the field of Transportation Department. At the initiative of Mr. President, a certain point has been reached in the loan agreement. However, the Metropolitan Council meetings cannot be continued due to the epidemic. There were delays both here and in loan companies. After the loan agreement is made, the tender can be made immediately. We are ready.

► President Aktaş called on the minibus shopkeepers to turn their vehicles on the bus, but the minibuses did not take it warmly. Is this topic off the agenda?

This call is not a call to end. There are interviews from time to time. Tradesmen do not look warm because they have privileges that are under the guarantee of the law. But time changes the rules of the game. So this is not a work we will give up. We will continue our studies for a more comfortable and modern transportation.


► In the past years, it was forbidden to carry standing passengers. However, today, we are witnessing that the buses are full of buses, leave the passenger standing at some hours? Why is this allowed?

Now this is an economic issue first of all. The vans are still prohibited from carrying standing passengers. There is no compromise in that matter. But private public bus and other buses have standing passenger carrying capacity. Within the scope of Covid-19 measures, you can use 50 percent capacity with the circular of the Ministry of Interior. Citizen understands half of the number of seats. But you can carry half of the passenger capacity, not half the seats. For example, the passenger capacity of a 12 meter vehicle in the license is 98. So this vehicle can carry 49 passengers. Carrying half as many passengers is not sustainable. There are 3 perceptions of comfort related to public transportation. One, period. So the car gets up every few minutes. Two prices. All three are cramped. Of course, the price parameter forces the congestion parameter. If you keep the price too low, you will increase the tightness after a while. Now we are trying to bring all 3 parameters to the optimum point. Our goal is to make the rail system the main spine and provide a more comfortable transportation. We increased the frequency of trips. People wait 12, 13 minutes, as it will wait half an hour. However, technical difficulties may arise from time to time. We expect the passenger to show some more reflexes. If the incoming vehicle carries a risk for health, they should wait for the other vehicle. There is a train every 4 minutes in the evening in Bursaray, but one of the wagons stacks, the others are empty. Why is that? Because the filled wagon is the closest wagon to the stairs. The citizen is risking the health of both himself and others by not walking and riding the wagon away from the stairs. We expect the citizen to change his behavior. Because we have no chance to continue our old habits. There is no source to live like before. We do not have the luxury of having a 2-storey bus, one empty, the other working. We have 800 public transportation vehicles in urban transportation. In order to work with 50 percent passenger capacity, we need to purchase 800 more vehicles. This means an investment of 500 million liras. We can't finance it. Also, when life returns to normal, these 800 vehicles will be idle. Therefore, we expect the citizen to be sensitive about the clock and the wagon. The period when everyone starts work at 9am and finishes at 5pm should be left behind. Working hours must be divided. But we always look for the solution by asking the public transport authority to put a bus.

► Do you use public transportation to see the status of public transportation vehicles in Bursa?

I use it very often. I started the day before Covid-19 by getting on a public transportation vehicle.


► Is there any increase in public transportation in the coming days due to your falling income?

We live in a country where there is a certain inflation. You have a cost increase. But we try to reflect this to a minimum of citizens. Since we started working with Alinur President, our total cost increase is 55 percent. We have only reflected 10 percent of this to citizens. On the day we started to work, our income per passenger was 1 lira 69 kurus. We hike, 1 pound came to the level of 82 cents. But we have a cost of 2 lira 50 kurus per passenger. We have 182 cents. We decided not to subtract the cost of those who use the system free of charge from those who pay the system. If we had done the opposite, we would have been crying from the purse. The free travel subsidy is covered by the municipal budget. About 40-45 million lira of funds are transferred from the coffers of the Metropolitan Municipality every year for subsidy.


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