📩 17/05/2020 15:13
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who was originally from Rize, was born on February 26, 1954 in Istanbul. He graduated from Kasımpaşa Piyale Primary School in 1965 and from Istanbul Imam Hatip High School in 1973. He took the diploma from Eyüp High School by giving the difference courses exam. Having graduated from Marmara University Faculty of Economics and Commercial Sciences, Erdogan graduated from this school in 1981.
Preferring a life intertwined with social life and politics since his youth, Erdogan was interested in football as an amateur between 1969-1982, who taught him the importance of disciplined teamwork and team spirit at a very young age. At the same time, these years coincide with the period when Recep Tayyip Erdogan stepped into active politics as a young idealist, interested in country issues and social problems.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who took an active role in the National Turkish Student Union student branches during his high school and university years, was elected to the MSP Beyoğlu Youth Branch Presidency in 1976 and the MSP Istanbul Youth Branch Presidency in the same year. Erdogan, who continued his duties until 1980, served as a consultant and senior manager in the private sector for a period of September 12, when political parties were closed.
Returning to actual politics with the Welfare Party established in 1983, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan became the President of the Welfare Party Beyoğlu District in 1984, the Istanbul Provincial President of the Welfare Party and the Member of the Refah Party MKYK in 1985. Erdogan, who developed a new organizational structure that was also a model for other political parties during his duty as the Istanbul Provincial President, made efforts to increase the participation of women and youth in politics in this period; took important steps to spread the politics to the base and to be accepted and respected by large masses of people. This restructuring was a great success for the Welfare Party, in which it was a member, in the 1989 Beyoğlu local elections, and it set an example for party work across the country.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who was elected as the Mayor of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality in the local elections of 27 March 1994, produced diagnostics and solutions for the chronic problems of Istanbul, one of the most important metropolises of the world, with his political talent, emphasis on team work, successful management in human resources and financial issues. The water problem, with the laying of hundreds of kilometers of new pipelines; The waste problem was solved by the establishment of the most modern recycling facilities of the period. While the problem of air pollution ended with natural gas transition projects developed during the Erdogan period, more than 50 bridges, passages and ring roads were built against the city's traffic and transportation impasse; Many projects have been developed to shed light on the following periods. Taking extraordinary measures to prevent the use of municipal resources and prevent corruption, Erdogan has paid the debts of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, which he took over with a debt of 2 billion dollars, and made an investment of 4 billion dollars. Thus, Turkey's Erdogan opened a new epoch in the history of municipality, whilst being an example for other municipalities, on the other hand gained great confidence among the general public.
During his speech addressed to the public in Siirt on December 12, 1997, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was sentenced to prison terms for reading the poem in a book recommended by the Ministry of National Education and published by a government agency, and his duty as the Mayor of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality was terminated.
After leaving prison for 4 months, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan founded the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) with his friends on August 14, 2001 as a result of the public's persistent demand and the developing democratic process and was elected as the Founding Chairman of the AK Party by the Founding Board. . Nation's favor and trust of the AK Party than in the first year of the establishment of Turkey's most extensive popular support with political movements appeared to be brought and 2002 with close parliamentary majority to two-thirds of the general elections (363 deputies) to the vehicle power alone.
Erdogan, who could not be a deputy candidate in the elections of 3 November 2002 due to a court decision, joined the Siirt province parliamentary renewal election on March 9, 2003, after the legal obstacle in front of his candidacy was eliminated. Erdogan, who received 85 percent of the vote in this election, entered the parliament as the 22nd Term Siirt Deputy.
On March 15, 2003, assumed the position of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkey ideal of a bright and continuous development, many reform packages have put his vital importance to the application in a short time. Great distances have been covered towards democratization, transparency and the prevention of corruption. In parallel, inflation, which had a negative impact on the country's economy and social psychology, and which could not be resolved for decades, was taken under control and 6 zeros were thrown from the Turkish Lira, which regained its reputation. The government's borrowing interest rates were lowered, and national income per capita increased significantly. Dams, dwellings, schools, roads, hospitals and power plants have come into service in the country's history unprecedented speed and number. All these positive developments have been called the "Silent Revolution" by some foreign observers and Western leaders.
In addition to his successful initiatives, which are considered as a turning point in the history of the country in the process of entry into the European Union, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan took important steps in resolving the Cyprus problem permanently and developing efficient relations with various countries of the world with his rational foreign policy and intense visit-contact traffic. The established stability in the environment while stimulating internal dynamics, Turkey brought the country to a central case. Turkey's trade volume and political power, not only in the geographical region in which were also felt in increased levels in the international arena.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan, 22 July 2007 46,6% of the vote in general elections, winning a major victory over the 60th government in a vote of confidence took the wolf and the Republic of Turkey as General Chairman of the AK Party.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan came out with a bigger victory than the June 12, 2011 elections and established the 49,8st Government with 61% of the votes.
On Sunday, August 10, 2014, he was elected as the 12th President for the first time in Turkish political history, directly by the popular vote and in the first round.
After opening the way for the President to be a party with the Constitutional amendment adopted in the public vote on April 16, 2017, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was re-elected as the Chairman of the AK Party, which he founded, on the 21rd Extraordinary Congress.
In the Presidential elections held on Sunday, June 24, 2018, he was re-elected as the President with 52.59% of the votes.
As the first President of the Presidential Government System, which was implemented with the Constitutional amendment adopted on April 16, 2017, he took his oath on July 9, 2018 and started his duty.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is married and has 4 children.