What is High Speed ​​Train?

Unknowns About CAF Brand YHT High Speed ​​​​Train
Unknowns About CAF Brand YHT High Speed ​​​​Train

Today's trains go faster than the 10 of their first example, and they deserve the gid High Speed ​​Train ından definition. However, there are certain conditions for reaching this speed.

Develop a fast train to have a fast train line the iceberg's appearing face. Because the most important factor that ensures the success of the system depends on the lines to be created. High-speed trains require high-speed rail lines to support this speed.

The UIC (International Railways Association) and the European Union define the definition of “High Speed ​​U on the same basis. The UIC High Speed ​​Department and the European Union's 96 / 48 and 2004 / 50 / AB directives have defined a number of systems under the high speed heading. The lines below the standard determined by these definitions are accepted as ansiyon Conventional (Traditional-Classical) Bu.

What is High Speed ​​Train?

There is no single standard definition for high-speed rail concept. The definition of high speed varies according to some criteria due to its complex structure. In order to avoid noise problems in areas where population density is high, it is seen that speed is limited to 110 or 160 km / h in terms of capacity and safety related reasons in high speed lines with 180 km / h and special tunnel and long bridges.

1. In terms of infrastructure

In terms of infrastructure, the definition of high-speed rail covers many concepts. If the infrastructure of the line is newly built to allow trains to be operated at speeds of 250 km / h and above for the whole or at least a large part of the journey, it is defined as a "High Speed ​​Line". Again, in conventional lines suitable for transportation up to 200 km / hour, although there are speed limitations due to passages from mountains or straits, use of narrow rail spacing or other special reasons, these lines are accepted as "High Speed ​​Line".

2. In terms of Pulling and Pulling Vehicles

The High Speed ​​Train is a series of fixed set of motor and wagon sets that can reach a speed of at least 250 km / h used in commercial services. In certain circumstances, train types that operate at lower speeds (200 km / h), such as tilted trains, but also provide high-quality services, can also be described as high-speed trains.

3. Operating Systems

For this definition, which varies according to railway management, 4 has a separate case.

• Fastest train operation in the most classical system, high speed trains on their lines, conventional trains on their lines
works. This is the case for JR East, JR Central and JR West Shinkansen lines in Japan.

• Only high-speed trains operate on high-speed train lines. On conventional lines both conventional trains
high-speed trains operate at conventional train speeds. In France, the lines operated by SNCF are so.

• Only conventional trains operate on conventional lines. On the high-speed train lines, on the other hand, high-speed trains and conventional trains can work together. However, as conventional trains will travel at lower speeds, the capacity is decreasing. Such are the lines operated by RENFE in Spain.

• Conventional and high-speed trains can work together on the same lines. This is the case in Germany and Italy. Germany
(DB AG) and Italy (Trenitalia) Railways plan all trains by taking into account the high speed train traffic.

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