As a result of muscle and tendon tears, the muscle structure can sometimes break from the bone tissue and sometimes from its own muscle tissue. Immobility occurs because the muscles that move the bone are torn. Immobility as a result of the pain felt also causes pain. During the examination, it can be understood where the tear is and how much the muscle has been torn. In early diagnosis; Pain can be relieved with PRP, medication and needle therapy. For this reason, it is very important to consult a specialist as soon as the pain is felt. From Memorial Antalya Hospital Orthopedics and Traumatology Department, Op. Dr. Serdar Alfidan gave information about muscle rupture and its treatment.
Think twice before lifting heavy weights
Muscle rupture is the loss of the integrity of the muscle tissue, which is called fiber rupture or muscle pulling, partially or completely. Muscle tears occur after the muscle tissue is stretched beyond its capacity and is exposed to sudden or ongoing excessively demanding activities. Lifting heavy loads, reducing the resistance of the muscle by being exposed to the load for a long time, trauma and accidents are the main reasons for the formation of muscle tears.
Exercising without warming up can cause muscle tears
Although advanced age seems to be an important cause of muscle rupture, the majority of patients admitted to the hospital due to muscle rupture are young people. Challenging sports branches that require endurance and continuity such as football, basketball and athletics carry a risk in terms of muscle tear. In addition, muscle tears can be seen frequently in athletes who are interested in branches that require sudden-explosive effort such as weightlifting and weight sports. The possibility of injury increases significantly in sports activities performed without adequate warming up. Although the amount and duration of the warm-up exercises differ from person to person, they should not be less than 10 minutes.
Symptoms of muscle tearing are as follows;
- Hypersensitivity to touch
- Bruising and swelling on the skin
- limitation in movement
- Cramping in the injured area
- Migration in the torn area
Treatment planning should be done before muscle rupture progresses.
The treatment to be applied in muscle tear may differ according to the region of the muscle tear and the degree of tearing. Among the treatments applied in mild tears; rest, edema and pain relief medication, ice application, massage and bandaging can be counted. It is possible to treat the majority of mild tears with only rest, exercise restriction, drug therapy, PRP and needle therapy. If there is intramuscular bleeding in more advanced injuries, measures and treatments to stop or reduce bleeding may be required. In the treatment of some muscle tears, surgical procedures may be required.
Muscle tear does not go away on its own!
Simple treatments are sufficient in the vast majority of muscle tears. Tears that may require surgical procedure are most commonly required in the rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder region, Achilles muscle tears in the heel region, and less frequently in the biceps muscle tears in the arm. Muscle tear does not go away on its own. On the contrary, as it forces the torn muscle, it can lead the patient to a difficult process to treat. As soon as the muscle tear is noticed, non-surgical treatment can be planned, but if it is neglected, surgery may be necessary.