Today in History: Republic Declared in France

Republic Declared in France
Republic Declared in France

September 22 is the 265th (266th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 100.

Railways

  • 22 September 1872 The first train whistle was heard in Haydarpaşa. 30-4 wooden wagons, which were attracted by small locomotives capable of speeding 5 km / h on the Haydarpaşa Pendik line, started to carry their first passengers.

Olaylar 

  • 1792 – Republic is proclaimed in France.
  • 1903 - Italo Marchioni patented the ice cream cone (cornet).
  • 1919 – The Workers and Farmers Socialist Party of Turkey was founded.
  • 1939 – Earthquake in and around Dikili: More than 100 people died. Dikili and Karaburun were completely destroyed.
  • 1940 – Council of Ministers, Le Journal d'Orient He closed his newspaper for seven days. It was alleged that the newspaper made publications contrary to the official foreign policy.
  • 1950 - New beginning Newspaper founder and writer Aziz Nesin was arrested in absentia. Nesin is accused of making "broadcasts aimed at destroying the social order".
  • 1958 – CHP Chairman İsmet İnönü, “The President of the Democratic Party will not be able to say goodbye to democracy." said.
  • 1964 – President Cemal Gürsel, convicts of “Yassıada Trials”; Refik Koraltan pardoned Rüştü Erdelhun, Selim Yatağan and Nedim Ökmen due to illness.
  • 1980 – The Iran-Iraq War begins.
  • 1984 – Village women protested against the establishment of a thermal power plant in Gökova Bay.
  • 1986 – After the September 12 coup, Alparslan Türkeş spoke for the first time at the Istanbul rally of the Nationalist Work Party (MÇP).
  • 1993 – The Metropolitan Museum of New York decided to send the “Treasure of Croesus” back to Turkey.
  • 2000 – The Council of Ministers adopted the Human Rights Report in line with the Copenhagen Criteria.
  • 2002 – In Germany, the Social Democrats, led by Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, emerged as the first party in the general elections.
  • 2002 – 9 Palestinians were killed in the clash that broke out during the operation organized by Israeli troops in Gaza on the grounds of capturing militants.

births 

  • 1211 – Ibn-i Khallikan, Thirteenth century historian, jurist and poet (d. 1282)
  • 1515 – Anne of Cleves, VIII. Henry's fourth wife (d. 1557)
  • 1552 – IV. Vasily, Tsar of Russia (d. 1612)
  • 1593 – Matthäus Merian, Swiss publisher (d. 1650)
  • 1606 – Li Zicheng, founder and sole emperor of the short-lived Shun Dynasty of China (d 1645)
  • 1715 – Jean-Étienne Guettard, French naturalist, botanist, and mineralogist (d. 1786)
  • 1741 – Peter Simon Pallas, Prussian zoologist and botanist (d. 1811)
  • 1750 – Christian Konrad Sprengel, German naturalist, theologian, and teacher (d. 1816)
  • 1759 – William Playfair, Scottish engineer and political economist (d. 1823)
  • 1791 – Michael Faraday, English physicist (d. 1867)
  • 1863 Ferenc Herczeg, Hungarian playwright (d. 1954)
  • 1875 – Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, Lithuanian painter, composer, and writer (d. 1911)
  • 1878 – Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese politician (d. 1967)
  • 1885 – Erich von Stroheim, German actor and director (d. 1957)
  • 1895 – Paul Muni, American actor born in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1901 – Charles Brenton Huggins, American physician, physiologist, and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1997)
  • 1902 – Ayatollah Khomeini, Supreme Leader of Iran (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (d. 1967)
  • 1917 – Türkan Aziz, first Turkish Cypriot head nurse (d. 2019)
  • 1931 - Alain Bacquet, French lawyer
  • 1934 – Ayla Erduran, Turkish violinist
  • 1942 – David J. Stern, American sportsman (NBA boss) (d. 2020)
  • 1951 – David Coverdale, English musician and founder and vocalist of Whitesnake
  • 1954 – Vedat Bilgin, Turkish sociologist, academician, bureaucrat and politician
  • 1957 – Nick Cave, Australian musician
  • 1957 – Refat Chubarov, Ukrainian politician
  • 1958 – Andrea Bocelli, Italian tenor, songwriter and composer
  • 1961 Bonnie Hunt, American actress
  • 1961 Catherine Oxenberg, American actress
  • 1964 – Hasan Basri Güzeloğlu, Turkish bureaucrat
  • 1966 – Erdogan Atalay, Turkish-German actor
  • 1966 - Ruth Jones, Welsh actress
  • 1967 – Félix Savón is a Cuban boxer.
  • 1969 – Yalçın Akdoğan, Turkish politician
  • 1970 – Mystikal, American rapper, songwriter, and actor
  • 1970 – Emmanuel Petit, French former football player
  • 1975 – Elif Güvendik, Turkish producer and presenter
  • 1976 – Martin Solveig, French DJ
  • 1977 – Ali Sunal, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor
  • 1978 – Harry Kewell, Australian football player
  • 1981 – Barış Atay, Turkish cinema and TV series actor
  • 1981 – Emre Canpolat, Turkish actor
  • 1981 – Sedat Ağçay, Turkish football player
  • 1982 – Ayben, Turkish rap artist
  • 1982 – Billie Piper, English singer and actress
  • 1982 – Maarten Stekelenburg, Dutch goalkeeper
  • 1983 – Glenn Loovens, Dutch national football player
  • 1983 – Şeref Tüfenk, Turkish wrestler
  • 1984 – Lazar Angelov, Bulgarian fitness model
  • 1984 – Thiago Silva, Brazilian football player
  • 1985 – Faris Haroun, Belgian football player
  • 1985 – Tatiana Maslany, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Tom Felton, English actor
  • 1987 – Tom Hilde, Norwegian ski jumper
  • 1987 – Zdravko Kuzmanović, Swiss-born Serbian football player
  • 1988 – Nikita Andreyev, Russian football player
  • 1989 – Kim Hyo-yeon is a South Korean singer, rapper, dancer, DJ and television personality.
  • 1990 – Senem Kuyucuoğlu, Turkish model and presenter
  • 1992 – Emin Mehdiyev, Azerbaijani football player
  • 1994 – Enver Cenk Şahin, Turkish football player
  • 1994 – Mohammed Kanu, Saudi national football player
  • 1994 – Park Jin-young, South Korean actor, singer-songwriter, choreographer, and dancer
  • 1995 – Nayeon, South Korean singer and dancer
  • 1999 – Kim Yoo-jung, South Korean actress, model, and presenter
  • 1999 – Tallan Latz, American guitarist

Weapon 

  • 1158 – Otto von Freising, German priest and chronicler (b. 1114)
  • 1253 – Dōgen, Kyoto-born Japanese Zen teacher and founder of the Soto Zen school in Japan (b. 1200)
  • 1408 – VII. John, Emperor IV. Son of Andronikos and Bulgarian Keratsa, daughter of Tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria and Theodora of Wallachia (b. 1370)
  • 1520 – Yavuz Sultan Selim, 9th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1470)
  • 1531 – Louise de Savoie, French noble, regent of Auvergne and Bourbonnais, duchess of Nemours and mother of King Francis I of France (b. 1476)
  • 1539 – Guru Nanak, first guru of the Sikhs (b. 1469)
  • 1554 – Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, Spanish explorer (b. 1510)
  • 1703 – Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician and scientist (b. 1622)
  • 1756 – Abu'l Hasan Ali, second chief of the Huseyni Dynasty and the Principality of Tunisia (b. 1688)
  • 1774 – XIV. Clemens, pope from May 19, 1769 to September 22, 1774 (b. 1705)
  • 1828 – Shaka, most influential leader of the Zulu tribe (b. 1787)
  • 1872 – Vladimir Dal, Russian Physician, naturalist, lexicographer, linguist (b. 1801)
  • 1888 – Gustave Boulanger, French classical figure painter and naturalist (b. 1824)
  • 1895 – Viktor Rydberg, Swedish writer (b. 1828)
  • 1897 – Antônio Conselheiro, Brazilian religious leader and preacher (b. 1830)
  • 1914 – Alain-Fournier (b. Henri Alban-Fournier), French writer (d. 1886)
  • 1943 – Sedat Nuri İleri, Turkish cartoonist (b. 1888)
  • 1945 – Galip Bahtiyar Göker, Turkish politician (b. 1881)
  • 1945 – Mürsel Baku, Turkish soldier and politician (b. 1881)
  • 1952 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first President of the Republic of Finland (b. 1865)
  • 1956 – Frederick Soddy, English chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1960 – Melanie Klein, British psychoanalyst (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Adolfo López Mateos, Mexican politician (b. 1909)
  • 1969 – Alexandras Stulginskis, second President of Lithuania (b. 1885)
  • 1973 – Paul van Zeeland, Belgian lawyer, economist, Catholic politician and statesman (b. 1893)
  • 1979 – Ebu'l-A'lâ Mawdudi, Pakistani commentator, Islamic scholar, journalist and writer (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Axel Springer, German publisher (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Irving Berlin, American composer and songwriter (b. 1888)
  • 1994 – Hedwig Potthast, mistress of Heinrich Himmler (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Dorothy Lamour, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – George C. Scott, American actor and Academy Award winner (b. 1927)
  • 2001 – Fikret Kızılok, Turkish composer and music interpreter (b. 1946)
  • 2001 – Isaac Stern, Russian-American violinist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Big Boss Man, American professional wrestler (b. 1963)
  • 2007 – Marcel Marceau, French pantomime artist (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – Hadi Çaman, Turkish theater artist (b. 1943)
  • 2008 – Thomas Dörflein, German zookeeper (b. 1963)
  • 2010 – Jackie Burroughs, British-Canadian actress (b. 1939)
  • 2010 – Eddie Fisher, American singer (b. 1928)
  • 2010 – Jorge González, Argentine-American professional wrestler and basketball player (b. 1966)
  • 2011 – Cengiz Dağcı, Crimean Tatar writer and poet (b. 1919)
  • 2011 – Aristides Pereira, Cape Verdean politician (b. 1923)
  • 2011 – Knut Steen, Norwegian sculptor (b. 1924)
  • 2011 – Vesta Williams, American soul singer, songwriter, and actress (b. 1957)
  • 2013 – David H. Hubel, American neurophysiologist (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Álvaro Mutis, Colombian writer, poet, columnist, publisher, filmmaker (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Luciano Vincenzoni, Italian playwright (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Hans E. Wallman, Swedish director and producer (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Yogi Berra, legendary American baseball player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2017 – Paavo Olavi Lonkila, Finnish cross country skier (b. 1923)
  • 2017 – Börje Vestlund, Swedish politician (b. 1960)
  • 2018 – Avi Duan, Israeli politician (b. 1955)
  • 2018 – Chas Hodges, English singer and musician (b. 1943)
  • 2018 – Al Matthews is an American black singer, actor and dubbing artist (b. 1942)
  • 2018 – Edna Molewa, South African female politician and minister (b. 1957)
  • 2019 – Vytautas Briedis, Lithuanian professional rower (b. 1940)
  • 2019 – Sándor Sára, Hungarian film and cinematographer (b. 1933)
  • 2020 – Michael Gwisdek, German actor and film director (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Frie Leysen, Belgian festival organizer and artistic director (b. 1950)
  • 2020 – Jacques Sénard, French diplomat (b. 1919)
  • 2020 – Road Warrior Animal, American professional wrestler (b. 1960)
  • 2020 – Agne Simonsson, former Swedish international football player (b. 1935)
  • 2020 – Ashalata Wabgaonkar, Indian actress (b. 1941)

Holidays and special occasions 

  • World Car Free Day
Armin

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