Today in History: Turkish Grain Board Establishment Law Adopted

Soil Products Office Establishment Law
Soil Products Office Establishment Law

June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 190 days remaining until the end of the year.

Railways

  • 24 June 1940 Çamlık-Aziziye Railway tunnel was opened near İzmir.

Olaylar 

  • 1441 – King of England VI. Henry founded Eton College.
  • 1542 – Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana named the river “Female Warrior (Amazon)” because it was attacked by the Icamiaba Indians on the banks of the Amazon river in South America, describing its ruler as “female warriors”.
  • 1645 – The Ottoman Army, departing from Istanbul with 348 warships and transport ships, landed on the island of Crete.
  • 1859 – Battle of Solferino: The Austrian Empire loses its war against an alliance of France and the Kingdom of Sardinia. Swiss businessman Jean Henry Dunant, who followed this war, started the establishment process of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
  • 1894 - The International Olympic Committee decided to hold the Olympic games every four years.
  • 1901 – Pablo Picasso's works are exhibited for the first time.
  • 1910 - Japan invades Korea.
  • 1916 – World War I: The Battle of the Somme begins with a week of artillery fire against German lines in France.
  • 1917 – In the meeting held in Aleppo with the participation of Turkish and German commanders (including Mustafa Kemal Pasha) under the Presidency of Enver Pasha, it was decided to establish a "Lightning Army Group" under the Command of General Falkenhein.
  • 1935 – The Law of the General Directorate of Electrical Works Survey Administration was accepted.
  • 1936 – Turkey national basketball team played its first match against Greece, winning 49-12.
  • 1938 – Law on Establishment of Turkish Grain Board was accepted.
  • 1945 – A Parade is held on Red Square to celebrate the Soviet Union's defeat of Nazi Germany in the Great Patriotic War.
  • 1947 - An American reported seeing objects flying in the sky, claiming that the objects looked like saucers. The press began to use the term "flying saucer" for the first time.
  • 1961 – The first convoy of workers to go to Germany set out. The protocol on sending labor force was signed between Turkey and West Germany on 13 June and it was tried to prevent private organizations from sending workers without a contract.
  • 1967 – University students in Istanbul protested the visit of the United States 6th Fleet.
  • 1973 – Eamon de Valera, 90, resigns as President of Ireland.
  • 1976 – "Best Film Award" at the 13th Golden Orange Film Festival, directed by Atıf Yılmaz Crazy Joseph got the movie.
  • 1982 – Peace Association trial started with 44 defendants.
  • 1983 – Yasser Arafat was banned from entering Damascus.
  • 1983 – The space shuttle Challenger completes its mission in space, returning to Earth with Sally Ride, the first female astronaut the United States has sent into space.
  • 1989 – Bulgaria's oppression of the Turkish minority and forced migration were protested at the “Telin Rally of Bulgaria” held in Taksim Square.
  • 1992 – Turkish Public Employees Unions Confederation (Turkey Kamu-Sen) was established.
  • 2001 – In the Special Olympics European Football Championship in Poland, the Mentally Handicapped National Team became the champion.

births

  • 1491 – VIII. Henry, King of England (d. 1547)
  • 1542 – John of the Cross, Spanish Carmelite priest, mystic (d. 1591)
  • 1788 – Silvio Pellico, Italian patriot, poet, and playwright (d. 1854)
  • 1806 Julius von Leypold, German painter (d. 1874)
  • 1842 – Ambrose Bierce, American journalist and author (d. 1914)
  • 1852 – Victor Adler, Austrian socialist (d. 1918)
  • 1883 – Victor Francis Hess, Austrian-American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 1964)
  • 1890 – Milunka Savić, Serbian female soldier and folk hero (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – Jack Dempsey, American heavyweight boxing champion (d. 1983)
  • 1895 – Robert von Ranke Graves, English academic, poet, and novelist (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Raphael Lemkin, Polish lawyer (d. 1959)
  • 1905 – Georgia Hale, American silent film era actress (d. 1985)
  • 1906 Pierre Fournier, French cellist (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Ernesto Sabato, Argentine writer (d. 2011)
  • 1912 – Mary Wesley, English writer (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – César Boutteville, French chess player (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Cesare Romiti, Italian economist and businessman (d. 2020)
  • 1924 – Kurt Furgler, Swiss politician (d. 2008)
  • 1930 – Claude Chabrol, French film director (d. 2010)
  • 1934 – Ferdinand Biwersi, Former German football referee (d. 2013)
  • 1935 – Juan Bautista Aguero, Paraguayan former football player (d. 1935)
  • 1938 – Ebulfez Elçibey, Azerbaijani politician and 2nd President of Azerbaijan (d. 2000)
  • 1938 Lawrence Block, American writer
  • 1939 – Samed Behrengi, Azeri-Iranian teacher and writer of children's stories and folk tales (d. 1967)
  • 1941 – Erkin Koray, Turkish musician
  • 1941 – Julia Kristiva, Bulgarian-French literary theorist, psychoanalyst, writer and philosopher
  • 1942 – Mick Fleetwood, English musician and actor (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1942 – Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, Chilean politician
  • 1944 – Jeff Beck, English musician
  • 1947 – Peter Weller, American actor and director
  • 1949 – John Illsey, English musician
  • 1953 – Garry Shider, American musician and guitarist (d. 2010)
  • 1955 – Sadi Güven, Turkish judge
  • 1957 – Angela Roy, German actress and theater director
  • 1960 – Siedah Garrett, American songwriter and singer
  • 1961 – Iain Glen, Scottish film and stage actor
  • 1962 – Christine Neubauer, German actress and presenter
  • 1962 – Gökhan Hotamışlıgil, Turkish academic and medical doctor
  • 1964 – Can Doğan, Turkish theater artist
  • 1964 – Serap Aksoy, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actress
  • 1967 – Richard Kruspe, German musician
  • 1968 – Boris Gelfand, Israeli great chess master and chess writer
  • 1969 – Sissel Kyrkjebø, Norwegian soprano
  • 1972 – Robbie McEwen, Retired Australian road cyclist
  • 1973 – Alexander Beyer, German actor
  • 1973 – Onur Ünlü, Turkish screenwriter, director, producer, poet, musician and actor
  • 1974 – Sinan Shamil Sam, Turkish professional boxer (d. 2015)
  • 1977 – Francine Jordi, Swiss singer
  • 1978 – Juan Roman Riquelme, Argentine football player
  • 1978 – Emppu Vuorinen, Finnish musician and songwriter
  • 1980 – Cicinho, Brazilian actor
  • 1980 – Minka Kelly, American actress
  • 1982 – Joanna Kulig, Polish actress of film and TV series
  • 1986 – Harrison Afful, Ghanaian football player
  • 1986 – Solange Knowles, American dancer, singer, and sister of Beyonce Knowles
  • 1987 – LiSA, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Lionel Messi, Argentine football player
  • 1988 – Micah Richards, English football player
  • 1990 – Richard Sukuta-Pasu, German football player
  • 1992 – David Alaba, Austrian national football player
  • 1992 – Isaac Kiese Thelin, Swedish national football player
  • 2000 – Nehuén Pérez, Argentine football player

Weapon 

  • 444 – Cyril of Alexandria, Church Father and Doctor (b. 375)
  • 1241 – II. Ivan Asen, emperor of Bulgaria from 1218 to 1241 during the Second Bulgarian Empire
  • 1398 – Zhu Yuanzhang, founder and first emperor of the Ming Dynasty (b. 1328)
  • 1407 – Theodoros I Paleologos, Despot of the Peloponnese from 1383 until his death on June 24, 1407 (despotēs) (b. 1355)
  • 1860 – Jérôme Bonaparte, youngest brother of Napoleon I (b. 1784)
  • 1908 – Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (b. 1837)
  • 1909 – Sara Orne Jewett, American author (b. 1849)
  • 1922 – Alexander Antonov, Socialist Revolutionary Party member, later leader of the Tambov Uprising against the Soviet regime (b. 1888)
  • 1922 – Walther Rathenau, politician who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs during the Weimar Republic (b. 1867)
  • 1935 – Carlos Gardel, Argentine tango singer (b. 1890)
  • 1936 – Alice Davenport, American actress (b. 1864)
  • 1943 – Otto Rühle, German Marxist (b. 1874)
  • 1952 – George Pearce, Australian politician (b. 1870)
  • 1958 – Herbert Brenon, Irish film director (b. 1880)
  • 1960 – İsmail Hakkı Tonguç, Turkish educator and founder of Village Institutes (b. 1893)
  • 1987 – Jackie Gleason, American actor and musician (b. 1916)
  • 1993 – Archie Williams, African-American athlete and trainer (b. 1915)
  • 1997 – Brian Keith, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Güven Erkaya, Turkish soldier and 16th Naval Forces Commander (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – Pierre Werner, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1967)
  • 2011 – Tomislav Ivić, Croatian football player and manager (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Gu Chaohao, Chinese mathematician, educator, and scientist (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Lonesome George, last giant galapagos tortoise (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Miki Roqué, Spanish former football player (b. 1988)
  • 2013 – Emilio Colombo, Italian diplomat and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Ramón José Velásquez, Venezuelan historian, journalist, lawyer and politician (b. 1916)
  • 2014 – Eli Wallach, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 2016 – Asım Can Gündüz, Turkish guitarist (b. 1955)
  • 2017 – Véronique Robert, French-Swiss war correspondent (b. 1962)
  • 2018 – Costance Adams, American architect and author (b. 1964)
  • 2018 – Stanley Anderson, American actor (b. 1939)
  • 2018 – Frank Heart, American computer engineer (b. 1929)
  • 2018 – Josip Pirmajer, Former Slovenian football player (b. 1944)
  • 2018 – Pavel Vransky, II. Czech soldier in World War II (b. 1921)
  • 2019 – Jeff Austin, American mandolinist and singer (b. 1974)
  • 2019 – Billy Drago, professional American television and film actor (b. 1945)
  • 2019 – Yekaterina Illarionova Dyomina, Russian military doctor (b. 1925)
  • 2019 – Jörg Stubner, German former professional football player (b. 1965)
  • 2020 – Gösta Ågren, Finnish writer and poet (b. 1936)
  • 2020 – Marc Fumaroli, French writer and specialist in French literature (b. 1932)
  • 2020 – Mohammed Yasin Mohammed, Iraqi weightlifter (b. 1963)
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