Today in History: The Agreement Regarding the Accession of Hatay to Turkey was Signed in Ankara

Hatay State Joined Turkish Territories
Hatay State Joined Turkish Territories

June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 191 days remaining until the end of the year.

Railways

  • 23 June 1955 Samsun-Çarşamba line closed. The line was reopened in 1985.

Olaylar 

  • 656 - Ali bin Abu Talib was elected Caliph.
  • 1854 – Silistra victory was won when Tsarist Russia armies left the battlefield and retreated.
  • 1868 - American inventor Christopher Latham Sholes patented the typewriter.
  • 1894 - The International Olympic Committee was founded in Paris.
  • 1902 - A Spanish name "Mercedes" is registered as a brand name. The first Mercedes car was designed by Wilhelm Maybach.
  • 1939 – The agreement regarding the accession of the Hatay State to Turkey was signed in Ankara.
  • 1941 – Welfare Disaster: The freighter "Refah", carrying the personnel to take delivery of the submarine and aircraft fleet ordered to the United Kingdom, was sunk by a submarine off the coast of Mersin on its way from Mersin to Alexandria. After the incident, in which 168 people died and 32 people survived, an investigation was launched in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1950 – The Tourism Bank of the Republic of Turkey was established.
  • 1954 – Selected as the Dean of the Faculty of Science at Istanbul University, Prof. Dr. Nüzhet Gökdoğan became the first female Dean.
  • 1955 - Akis Journal's Editor-in-Chief Cüneyt Arcayürek was sentenced to 6 months in prison.
  • 1982 – The safe of Banker Kastelli, who fled abroad, was seized; 70 bankers and bank managers were banned from going abroad.
  • 1983 – True Path Party (DYP) was founded.
  • 1987 – People's Houses were opened by the decision of the Court. The activities of the People's Houses were stopped by the National Security Council after September 12 and their managers were put on trial.
  • 1992 – Election was held in Israel. Labor Party leader Yitzhak Rabin was elected Prime Minister.
  • 2016 – A referendum on EU membership was held in the United Kingdom. The rate of votes to leave the EU was 51,89%.
  • 2019 – Interim local elections were held in Istanbul. Ekrem İmamoğlu was re-elected as the mayor of the metropolitan municipality.
  • 2020 – 7.5 magnitude earthquake occurred in Mexico. 

births 

  • 1668 – Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (d. 1744)
  • 1772 – Cristóbal Mendoza, first prime minister of Venezuela (d. 1829)
  • 1796 – Franz Berwald, Swedish composer (d. 1868)
  • 1889 Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (d. 1966)
  • 1897 – Winifred Wagner, German opera producer (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish writer (d. 1962)
  • 1906 Wolfgang Koeppen, German writer (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Nadir Nadi Abalıoğlu, Turkish journalist and Cumhuriyet newspaper's Editor-in-Chief (d. 1991)
  • 1910 – Jean Anouilh, French playwright (d. 1987)
  • 1912 – Alan Turing, English mathematician (d. 1954)
  • 1916 – Ernst Wilimowski, Polish-German football player (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Mohammed Budiaf, Algerian political leader and President of Algeria (d. 1992)
  • 1924 – Osman Bayezid Osmanoğlu, head of the Ottoman Dynasty (d. 2017)
  • 1927 – Bob Fosse, American director, choreographer (d. 1987)
  • 1929 – June Carter Cash, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Joachim Calmeyer, Norwegian actor (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Ola Ullsten, Swedish politician and diplomat (d. 2018)
  • 1936 – Richard Bach, American writer
  • 1936 – Costas Simitis, former prime minister of Greece.
  • 1937 – Martti Ahtisaari, Finnish politician
  • 1940 – Wilma Rudolph, American athlete (d. 1994)
  • 1942 – Hannes Wader, German musician and composer
  • 1943 - Vint Cerf, American internet pioneer
  • 1945 – John Garang, South Sudanese politician and rebel leader (d. 2005)
  • 1947 – Bryan Brown, Australian stage, film and television actor, voice actor
  • 1953 – Armen Sargsyan, Armenian politician
  • 1955 – Glenn Danzig, American singer, songwriter, musician, and record producer
  • 1955 – Jean Tigana, Malian-French coach
  • 1957 – Frances McDormand, American film, stage, and television actress
  • 1960 – Fadil Vokrri, Kosovar Albanian football player (d. 2018)
  • 1964 – Joss Whedon, American screenwriter and director
  • 1969 – Ahinoam Nini, Israeli singer
  • 1970 – Yann Tiersen, French musician
  • 1972 - Selma Blair is an American actress.
  • 1972 – Zinedine Zidane, Algerian-French football player
  • 1975 – Sibusiso Zuma, South African national football player
  • 1976 – Paola Suárez is an Argentine tennis player.
  • 1976 – Emmanuelle Vaugier, French-Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Patrick Vieira, French football player
  • 1977 – Miguel Ángel Angulo, Spanish Footballer
  • 1977 Hayden Foxe is an Australian former football player.
  • 1977 – Gulhan, Turkish singer
  • 1977 Jason Mraz, American singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – David Andersen, Australian basketball player
  • 1980 – Sibel Arslan, Swiss lawyer and BastA! he is a party politician
  • 1980 – Melissa Rauch, American actress and comedian
  • 1980 – Francesca Schiavone, Italian tennis player
  • 1984 – Duffy, Grammy Award-winning Welsh singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Mya Nichole, American porn actress
  • 1985 – Cem Dinç, Turkish basketball player
  • 1986 – Mariano is a Brazilian football player.

Weapon 

  • 79 – Vespasian, Roman Emperor (b. 9)
  • 1537 – Pedro de Mendoza, Spanish conquistador, soldier, explorer (b. 1487)
  • 1565 – Turgut Reis, Turkish sailor (b. 1485)
  • 1659 – Hyojong is the 17th king of the Joseon Kingdom (b. 1619)
  • 1836 – James Mill, Scottish historian, economist, political theorist, and philosopher (b. 1773)
  • 1864 – Christian Ludwig Brehm, German cleric and ornithologist (b. 1787)
  • 1891 – Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (b. 1804)
  • 1891 – NR Pogson, English astronomer (b. 1829)
  • 1893 – William Fox, New Zealand politician and four-term Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1812)
  • 1894 – Marietta Alboni, Italian opera singer (b. 1826)
  • 1926 – Jón Magnússon, Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1859)
  • 1939 – Timofey Vasilyev, Mordovian lawyer (b. 1897)
  • 1942 – Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer and inventor (b. 1869)
  • 1943 – Elise Richter, Viennese philologist (b. 1865)
  • 1944 – Eduard Dietl, soldier in Nazi Germany (b. 1890)
  • 1954 – Salih Omurtak, Turkish soldier and commander of the Turkish War of Independence (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – Reinhold Glière, Polish, Russian and later Soviet composer (b. 1874)
  • 1959 – Boris Vian, French writer and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1959 – Fehmi Tokay, Turkish composer (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – Franz Babinger, German writer (b. 1891)
  • 1978 – Cihangir Erdeniz, Turkish soldier (retired Marine Lieutenant Colonel who shot Hüseyin Cevahir in Istanbul Maltepe on June 1, 1971)
  • 1989 – Michel Eflak, Syrian thinker, sociologist, Arab nationalist politician (b. 1910)
  • 1989 – Werner Best, German Nazi, lawyer, police chief, Darmstadt Nazi Party leader and SS-Obergruppenführer (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Jonas Salk, American bacteriologist (invented the Polio vaccine) (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Andreas Papandreou, Greek politician and Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919)
  • 1998 – Maureen O'Sullivan, Irish actress (Tarzan famous for portraying “Jane” in her films) (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Cemil Gezmiş, Deniz Gezmiş's father (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Aaron Spelling, American television producer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Harriet, Giant galapagos tortoise (b. circa 1830)
  • 2009 – İsmet Güney, Turkish Cypriot painter and cartoonist (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Frank Giering, German actor (b. 1971)
  • 2011 – Peter Falk, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Bobby Bland, American soul, jazz and blues singer, musician (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Richard Matheson, American science fiction, fantasy, and horror writer and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Małgorzata Braunek, Polish actress (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Cüneyt Arcayürek, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Magali Noël, born in Izmir, French film actress and singer (b. 1931)
  • 2017 – Saman Kelegama, Sri Lankan economist and author (b. 1959)
  • 2017 – Stefano Rodotà, Italian lawyer and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2018 – Donald Hall, American poet, author, editor, and literary critic (b. 1928)
  • 2018 – Kim Jong-pil, South Korean soldier and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2018 – Violeta Rivas, Argentine singer and actress (b. 1937)
  • 2019 – Andrey Haritonov, Soviet-Russian actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1959)
  • 2020 – Vehbi Akdağ, Turkish national wrestler (b. 1949)
  • 2020 – Jean-Michel Bokamba-Yangouma, Congolese politician
  • 2020 – Michael Falzon, Australian actor, performer, producer and singer (b. 1972)
  • 2020 – Arthur Keaveney, Irish historian (b. 1951)
  • 2020 – Jampel Lodoy, Russian Tuvan Buddhist lama (b. 1975)
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