Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases Specialist Associate Professor Yavuz Selim Yıldırım gave information on the subject. The first symptom of ear calcification is usually low hearing in patients. Over time, patients begin to realize that they do not hear or hear less in one ear or rarely in both ears, and tinnitus can be seen with it. First of all, patients state that they do not hear a low-pitched whispering sound. The first is inner ear calcification, namely "Otosclerosis", and the second is middle ear calcification, namely "Tympanosclerosis". Otosclerosis is more common in women. The patient's complaints may increase in the postpartum period. is alleged. It most often starts from the point on the front leg of the stirrup and increases over time, the hearing loss deepens, fortunately it can be treated with surgery. On the other hand, all middle ear ossicles in tympanosclerosis become calcified and become immobile at all. It is claimed that viral ear infections can cause this, unfortunately, patients are unlucky in middle ear calcification. Because the surgical treatment of middle ear calcification is limited.
With the development of technique and technology, small prostheses that transmit hearing to the inner ear are used by entering the middle ear through the ear canal with endoscopic methods and removing the ossicle that has calcified. It does not affect the quality of life of patients. Social activities such as plane travel, swimming in the pool, and doing sports do not pose a problem for these patients.
Genetic factors take the first place in researches on the cause of otosclerosis disease. Viral diseases and pregnancy can also be blamed as factors causing this disease. Ear calcification is a progressive disease. If it is not treated, it will gradually increase. Therefore, these patients must be treated without neglecting this disease in order to protect their existing hearing. Stapedectomy surgery is the most effective treatment with the best result. In patients who are not suitable for this treatment, devices that increase hearing or drug treatments that prevent the progression of the disease can also be applied.