📩 04/01/2023 08:41
Huber Mansion is located on the Rumeli side of the Bosphorus, south of Tarabya Bay and on the Yeniköy-Tarabya road. It has a grove of approximately 64.000 square meters, which covers the entire slope that goes down to the Bosphorus. Huber Mansion is actually a mansion consisting of a large barn and a carriage, servants' residence, two small chalets and a greenhouse outside the main building. It has been used as the Presidential Palace of the Republic of Turkey since 1985.
After the Florya Sea Mansion, which Atatürk had built in 1935, became unusable and was transferred to the National Palaces, a new space was needed for the Presidents in Istanbul.
The Tarabya campus, which was allocated to the Presidency in 1985 and which is one of the most spectacular mansions of the Bosphorus with its architecture and history, is located in the Tarabya Campus, which was used to meet this need.
After the partial renovation of the Huber Mansion between 1986-1988, 7th President Kenan Evren used this mansion for two months during the summer months. The construction of a pool in the historical garden (1987), the construction of a personnel housing with 20 flats and a service building for 150-person military-police and servants (1988) are within the scope of these regulations.
In addition to the needs of summer residences and work offices, the Presidency's acquisition of a unique building complex that includes basic and complementary spaces where foreign heads of state will be hosted and large receptions will be held goes back to a period of intense work between 1993 and 2000.
In the restoration process, which started with the instructions of the 9th President Süleyman Demirel, it was aimed to protect the historical, cultural and natural values of the land, to design and implement new buildings that are environmentally friendly and worthy of the Presidency without exceeding the existing building density. For these purposes, in the Presidential Tarabya Mansion Campus;
The construction of the complex consisting of the Presidential Residence, the Guest House of the Foreign Presidencies, the Reception Areas, the Guest House and the Social Center was completed and a high-level design performance was displayed.
1. Presidential Residence
It is located on the southwestern hill of the land in an area of 1000 square meters. The floor area is 820 and the total construction area is 2.643 square meters. The plan of the building consists of four blocks and a central hall connecting these blocks.
The main entrance hall, which combines four blocks, has been planned in a weight suitable for the function of the building. This hall, where the entrances to the blocks are arranged, opens to the Bosphorus under the middle courtyard and the oval dining room bridging in front of this courtyard. The service ladder connects to the lower garden floor, the basement where the kitchens are located and the roof terraces.
In the reception halls unit, reception and hospitality halls, which fulfill the most important function of the Presidential residence, have been planned. These halls, which are spread over two floors and are connected to the nature from each facade with a connection to the central staircase and elevator, are connected to the Anatolian side of the Bosphorus from the front, to the reception areas and pools arranged on two plateaus from the north, and to inner courtyards decorated with high trees in other directions.
The reception halls are connected to the study room with a bridge passing through the trees and to the dining hall for 20 people in the center on the front facade.
One of the four blocks is the one in which the main bedrooms are located. It is designed to be the private block of the President. The second is another independent private residence that contains bedrooms for the relatives of the president. The third one is the reception halls where interviews with foreign guests will take place, and the fourth is the study block connected to the reception halls. In the integrity of four blocks and the central hall, there are courtyards opening in four directions, where the green texture and old trees are concentrated.
2. Foreign Presidents Guest House
It is a building with a floor area of 600 square meters and a construction area of 596 square meters, placed on an area of 2.100 square meters on the southwestern hill of the land. This structure was designed as an extension of the Presidential Residence to host foreign heads of state.
Some areas that are not located in the Presidential Residence, such as the Conference and Press Conference Hall, are also within this structure. The halls in the guesthouse are planned to be used as dining halls for the Presidential Residence when necessary.
Structure; The meeting room unit consists of hall blocks, guest chairman study unit and bedroom sections.
3. Reception Areas
It is located between the Presidential Residence and the guesthouse by spreading over the plateaus that sit on two levels. These areas, where receptions of 3 to 4 thousand people can be held, are supported by a service structure set under a set to serve this capacity.
4. Social Center Building
It is located on Kalender Hill, just to the left of the main entrance of the Presidential Palace. It meets the social center needs of the Presidency's senior staff, and especially it complements the common area needs of the guesthouse building. With this feature, it also serves foreign guests.
The building, which has gained a different dimension with the original works of valuable sculptors placed in the open areas, has a circular planned open and closed café, management, exhibition and sports hall around the building.
5. Guest house
It is a structure designed for high-level presidential personnel and high-level officials to accompany foreign heads of state. The two-storey building is located between the Guesthouse and the Social Center. The building includes a central hall opening to the sky with a roof light and a total of 12 suites placed around the gallery and four bedrooms for two persons.
From the entrance square of the Presidential Palace on Kalender Hill, the axis that descends perpendicular to the Bosphorus and the entrance building, which is placed as two small blocks on both sides of the main entrance, is connected by a canopy passing over the road. The rooms in these small blocks are planned for the security units where soldiers and policemen are stationed.
The mansion, which was built by the Huber Brothers, the arms broker representing the German Mauser and Krupp companies at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, is still referred to by the same name today. The Hubers especially preferred this mansion because it is close to Germany's summer embassy building. After the Second Constitutional Monarchy, the mansion, whose ownership was transferred to Egyptian Princess Kadriye and his wife Mahmut Hayri Pasha until 1932, after the Huber Brothers' return to their country, it was donated to the Notre Dame de Sion School and registered in the deed in the name of Therese Clement and Marie Aimee Odent.
The mansion and its land, which were inherited from Clement and Odent, were sold to Boğaziçi İnşaat Turizm Anonim Şirketi in 1973 and were expropriated in 1985 and allocated to the Presidency General Secretariat.
Between 1997 and 2000, the facade, roof restoration and landscaping of the mansion were made with historical sculpture groups.
Huber Mansion is a mansion consisting of two buildings attached to each other, phaetonhouse consisting of barn and carriage sections, Setüstü Mansion, Hunting Lodge, greenhouse, vegetation and sculpture groups formed by valuable trees, walls and niches in the north of the mansion.
The architect and construction date of the first building are not known exactly. However, some additions to the main building in the second phase of the building were built by the Italian architect Raimondo D'Aranco, who created important works during his time in Istanbul. D'Aronco's arrangements gave Huber Mansion its current monumental appearance and a unique perspective.
Economist-writer Orhan Erdenen describes a feature that distinguishes this mansion, whose architectural character is defined as art nouveau, from other mansions on the Bosphorus and makes it almost unique in the world: “Its architecture is a mixture of Chinese, Indian, Iranian, Islamic, Ottoman and European styles. It is almost as if architects of different nations completed the buildings by working in turns… "
In addition to its architectural features, Huber Mansion still preserves its feature of being one of the largest green areas of the Bosphorus with its 34-hectare grove.