Railway Regulations and General Directorate of Turkey Role in the Future of the Railway Sector: within integrated transport systems, rail transport systems of the advantageous aspects of the liberalization of the railway sector at the beginning of the receipt for more Exploitation necessary decisions and removal of monopolies, so that comes transparent and ensuring fair competition.
Thus, more efficient use of the existing country resource in the railway field will be ensured and the idle capacity will be put into use. With the abolition of the monopoly and the liberalization of the sector, EU railway legislation will also be harmonized.
With the entry into force of 655 Decree Law No. 01 on the Organization and Duties of the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications;
In this context, the establishment of the General Directorate of Rail Regulation can be regarded as the first concrete and legal step of liberalization in the sector.
As is known, Chapter the opening of the negotiations on the Acquis 14: Transport Policy based on needs to be done "Reform of Turkish Railways" within the scope of the project titled "Turkey Law on the Liberalization of Railway Transport" 01 was adopted by the Parliament in May 2013 was put into effect.
In Turkey with this law, the country's development and revitalization of determining the railways in the independence and strengthening its role in transportation, free, competitive and sustainable European Union and the economic and social aspects (EU) requirements relating to the creation of a compatible rail sector with legislation are met, the Public Sector and the private sector to undertake Railway Management and Railway Management.
With the entry into force of the liberalization law, which does not mean the privatization of the railway sector but which will provide a free competition environment, the private sector will also be able to provide railway infrastructure and operation facilities with freight and passenger transportation services in railways.
In this context, the General Directorate of Rail Regulatory Affairs will be responsible for the regulation of the railway sector in almost every issue.
The General Directorate of Rail Regulatory Affairs is an effective regulation mechanism to ensure that the private sector becomes active in the liberalization process, take economic measures to encourage and encourage the private sector, take measures to prevent an operator from becoming dominant in the market and provide non-discriminatory access to the natural monopoly infrastructure. It will create.
The legal and structural arrangements (regulations, etc.) to be made and the railroads that will carry freight and passengers will be put on the legal basis. The requirements of any company wishing to provide services by using the railway infrastructure will be determined by the relevant regulations such as the training and certification of their employees and the commissioning of the vehicles to be used.
Duties of the General Directorate of Rail Regulation in main headings;
Due to commercial, economic, social needs and technical developments, the activities of Railway Transportation should be carried out in a free, fair and sustainable competitive environment in a manner that is economical, serial, convenient, safe, high quality, which will have the least impact on the environment and that will be of public interest. and provide complementary services to each other,
To determine, supervise and supervise the conditions of service, financial competence and professional dignity of the organizers, agents, brokers, gar and station operators and other similar persons in the field of railway transportation with the Railway Infrastructure Operator and Railway Train Operators,
To determine the rights, obligations and responsibilities of the service producers and service beneficiaries in the field of railway transportation,
To determine the procedures and principles related to public service obligations in the field of railway transportation,
To determine the professional competence conditions of the employees, especially those who are organizers, agents, brokers, gar or station operators and mechanics in the field of railway transportation with the Railway Infrastructure Operators and Railway Train Operators, authorizing and supervising them,
To determine the procedures and principles regarding the registration of all kinds of vehicles drawn and to keep their records, to register them and to keep their records,
To determine and supervise minimum safety limits and conditions for the use of railway infrastructure and towing vehicles.
To provide or certify the safety documents related to the railway infrastructure operators and railway train operators,
To take a decision on the resolution of disputes arising between railway infrastructure operators and railway train operators regarding the use, allocation, access and charging of railway infrastructure,
To determine and control the minimum qualifications of freight and passenger stations and stations and similar structures used in railway transportation activities,
Logistics To determine the location, capacity and similar characteristics of the village, center or bases, to determine and permit the procedures and principles regarding the establishment, to coordinate the relevant institutions for the establishment of the necessary land allocation and infrastructures and to monitor and control the implementation,
To determine the minimum qualifications of all kinds of pulling and towing vehicles used by railway train operators in terms of genus, capacity, ownership, age and similar terms and the procedures and principles regarding their periodical technical inspections,
To determine and authorize the minimum qualifications of the periodical technical inspection of all kinds of towing and towing vehicles used by railway train operators,
In order to develop railway transportation and to provide a free, fair, sustainable competition environment; to determine the base and ceiling wages when necessary for railway infrastructure usage charges and transportation activities and to supervise its implementation,
Carrying out international relations required by railway transportation services, making agreement and mixed commission works,
It is listed as.
The General Directorate of Railway Regulation continues to prepare the regulations related to the above mentioned duties very quickly.
"Turkey Law on the Liberalization of Railway Transport" to pave the way for the railway sector in our country and we believe the future of flour to the level it deserves so that rail transport.
Source: Nükhet Işıkoğlu