Turkey has initially acted together with European countries in the planning and construction of rail systems. As can be seen below, 1829 is the first railway company in the UK; In the 1869 year of the Ottoman Empire, it was started to be built. However, the administrators, who wanted to manage the country between 1940-2000 years later, were not able to grasp the importance of the railroad.
History of Rail Systems in the World
Today, in almost all of the world's major cities, public transportation is usually carried out by rail systems. Because of its numerous benefits, rail systems have a great importance in both ”passenger” and ”freight“ transportation. In the last century, especially in terms of population-intensive settlement areas are growing day by day with the emphasis on the construction of rail systems.
Especially in the big cities of developed countries, yer multi-storey metro networks arak have been created and the traffic load has been mostly taken under the ground and a much more effective transportation has been provided.
The first operation in the field of transportation by rail systems was started at 1829 in the UK. 19 Although the demand for transportation / transportation was not yet large, “public transportation” was aimed. After the 1860 years, rail systems started to be operated in other cities in the world.
As can be seen in the table below; 3,6 meters were installed in Istanbul for iştir a thousand people X and the 31 meter rail system was built in New York. The share of rail systems in public transportation is; 60 in Sydney and 98 in Tokyo.
Beam 1000 (Thousand) Per Person Rail System Network: 20
City Rail System Length
Istanbul 3,6 mt.
Tokyo 22 mt.
Paris 25 mt.
New York 31 mt.
Share of Rail Systems in Public Transport: 21
City Rail System Rate
Istanbul (Turkey) 6%
Toronto (Canada)% 58
Sydney (Australia)% 62
London (United Kingdom)% 77
New York (USA)% 78
Paris (France)% 82
Tokyo (Japan)% 98
Historic watching from the rail system in Turkey
The construction of the rail system in Istanbul, now known as the öy Karaköy Tunnel baş, began in the year 1869 and was commissioned in 1874. Together with the “Tunnel daki in Istanbul, remedies for intra-city public transport were considered as a necessity for contemporary civilization in Ottoman cities; Tram and suburban railway operations in Istanbul and Izmir and Konya, Baghdad, Damascus and Thessaloniki trams were put into operation.
Considering the historical course of rail systems in the world, transportation and transportation based on rail systems, which started in an early period in our country, could not be developed sufficiently and the planning, construction and operation of rail systems decreased gradually after 1950 years when rapid urbanization started.
In urban transport, 1950 has been heavily dependent on road vehicles such as una bus kar, otomobil capticus tı (dolmuş) and t special car “since the years.
The construction of rail systems has been repeatedly neglected for various reasons: Over the past few years, subway lines have not been constructed, suburban enterprises have not been strengthened, tram lines have been removed and businesses have been shut down.
Since the end of the 1980 years, a relatively new era has started and local administrations have started to consider rail systems in urban transport.
However, even in Istanbul, the new 3 (one hundred and ten) years after the “Karaköy Tunnel en, which is accepted as the 110.metros of the world, started to work on new metro projects.
For the construction of the railway in Istanbul, Sultan Abdulaziz, the sultan of the time, was presented; Abdulaziz allocated a part of the garden that was included in the palace monastry at that time to the railway.23
At the same time, the first plans were made for the establishment of a light rail system for the purpose of urban transportation in the Imperial city of Vienna in Austria and its construction under the ground.
However, the idea of altı underground lines, was rejected by the Emperor with the words Unter Der Untergrund ist nur der Aufenthaltsraum der Toten ”(Underground is only for the dead).
Source: Ener Strategy Center