Today in History: Hatay Assembly Adopts Turkish Lira as Official Currency

Hatay Assembly Adopts Turkish Lira as Official Currency
Hatay Assembly Adopts Turkish Lira as Official Currency

March 14 is the 73th day of the year (74st in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 292.

Railways

  • On March 14, 1930, the law numbered 1673 on the approval of the International Railways Agreement signed in Bern.

Olaylar

  • 1489 – Catherine Cornaro, Queen of the Kingdom of Cyprus, sells the Island to the Republic of Venice.
  • 1794 - Eli Whitney patented the cotton sorting machine.
  • 1827 – II. During the reign of Mahmut II, Mekteb-i Tıbbiye-i Şahane was established.
  • 1919 – Medicine Day and the foundation anniversary of Mekteb-i Tıbbiye-i Şahane; Under the leadership of Hikmet Boran, today is celebrated as Medicine Day due to the official confrontation of the medical community against the imperialist powers.
  • 1919 – The Greeks' plan to land in Izmir was accepted by British Prime Minister Lloyd George, French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau, Italian Prime Minister Vittorio Emanuele Orlando and US President Woodrow Wilson.
  • 1923 – Gençlerbirliği Sports Club was founded in Ankara.
  • 1939 – The Slovak Republic and Carpathian Ukraine declare their independence from Czechoslovakia under pressure from Nazi Germany.
  • 1939 – Hatay Assembly adopted the Turkish lira as the official currency.
  • 1951 – Korean War: United Nations Forces retake Seoul.
  • 1953 - After the death of Stalin, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Malenkov transferred his post to Khrushchev 8 days later.
  • 1958 – The United States begins to impose an embargo on the Batista regime in Cuba.
  • 1964 – The United Nations Security Council decided that the Peace Corps would go to Cyprus.
  • 1975 – Fatih Laçingil, who was serving in the military in Keşan, killed Şaban Dereli, who had just joined the division, by extorting his money. He was executed on September 12.
  • 1980 – C-130 type military transport aircraft of the US Air Force crashed while landing at Incirlik Air Base. 18 US soldiers died.
  • 1983 – The draft law establishing the State Security Courts was passed in the Consultative Assembly.
  • 1984 – Bilsak Theater Workshop was established in Istanbul.
  • 1998 – An earthquake measuring 6,9 on the Richter scale occurred in Iran.
  • 1998 – YÖK declared that wearing and wearing a headscarf is a crime.
  • 2000 – Naim Süleymanoğlu broke the world record by lifting 145 kg in the snatch in the training he continued in Ankara.
  • 2003 – Turkey's 59th Government was established under the Presidency of Siirt Deputy Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
  • 2008 – Supreme Court Chief Public Prosecutor Abdurrahman Yalçınkaya filed a lawsuit in the Constitutional Court for the closure of the Justice and Development Party.

births

  • 1627 – Roelant Roghman, Dutch Golden Age painter, illustrator, and engraver (d. 1692)
  • 1641 – Hyeonjong, 18th king of the Joseon Kingdom (d. 1674)
  • 1681 – Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (d. 1767)
  • 1692 – Peter Van Musschenbroek, Dutch scientist (d. 1761)
  • 1726 – Esma Sultan, III. Ahmed's daughter (d. 1788)
  • 1742 – Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, Shah of Iran and founder of Qajar Dynasty (d. 1797)
  • 1804 – Johann Strauss I, Austrian composer (d. 1849)
  • 1820 – II. Vittorio Emanuele, King of the Kingdom of Sardinia (d. 1878)
  • 1821 – Jens Jacob Asmussen Worsaae, Danish archaeologist and prehistoricist (d. 1885)
  • 1827 – George Frederick Bodley, British architect (d. 1907)
  • 1835 – Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (d. 1910)
  • 1836 Jules Joseph Lefebvre, French portrait painter (d. 1911)
  • 1844 – Umberto I, King of Italy (d. 1900)
  • 1847 – Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (d. 1871)
  • 1853 – Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter (d. 1918)
  • 1854 – Paul Ehrlich, German scientist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1915)
  • 1854 – Thomas R. Marshall, 28th Vice President of the United States (d. 1925)
  • 1854 – Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian poet, novelist, playwright, and literary critic (d. 1920)
  • 1859 – Leonardo Bistolfi, Italian sculptor (d. 1933)
  • 1874 – Anton Philips, founder of Philips Electronics in the Netherlands (d. 1951)
  • 1876 ​​– Lev Berg, Russian geographer, biologist, and ichthyologist (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Albert Einstein, German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 1955)
  • 1882 – Wacław Sierpiński, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)
  • 1886 – Firmin Lambot, Belgian racing cyclist (d. 1964)
  • 1887 – Abdülhak Şinasi Hisar, Turkish novelist and writer (d. 1967)
  • 1894 – Vladimir Triandafillov, Soviet commander and theorist (d. 1931)
  • 1903 – Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – Fazıl Küçük, Turkish Cypriot politician and journalist (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Ulvi Cemal Erkin, Turkish composer (d. 1972)
  • 1908 Maurice Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher (d. 1961)
  • 1914 – Ali Tanrıyar, Turkish physician, politician and sportsman (d. 2017)
  • 1920 – Memduh Ün, Turkish director (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Tarık Minkari, Turkish surgeon and writer (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Neriman Altındağ Tüfekçi, Turkish Folk Music soloist and first female conductor (d. 2009)
  • 1933 – Michael Caine, English actor and Academy Award winner
  • 1933 - Quincy Jones, American conductor, composer, musician, and producer
  • 1934 – Leonid Ivanovich Rogozov, Soviet medical doctor (d. 2000)
  • 1934 – Manuel Piñeiro, Cuban intelligence officer and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1938 – Şerafettin Elçi, Turkish lawyer and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1940 – Durul Gence, Turkish jazz musician and conductor
  • 1940 – Metin Altiok, Turkish poet and painter (d. 1993)
  • 1941 – Wolfgang Petersen, German film director
  • 1942 – Emin Çölaşan, Turkish journalist and writer
  • 1948 - Billy Crystal, Welsh film actor
  • 1952 – Sheila Abdus-Salaam, American judge and lawyer (d. 2017)
  • 1952 – Mehmet Güçlü, Turkish wrestler
  • 1965 – Aamir Khan, Indian actor
  • 1967 – Gürdal Tosun, Turkish theater artist (d. 2000)
  • 1972 – Kaan Dobra, Polish-Turkish football player
  • 1979 – Nicolas Anelka, French football player
  • 1982 – François Sterchele, Belgian football player (d. 2008)
  • 1985 - Eva Angelina, American porn star
  • 1988 - Sasha Gray, American porn star
  • 1988 – Stephen Curry, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Colby O'Donis, Puerto Rican-American R&B and pop singer
  • 1990 – Kolbeinn Sigþórsson, Icelandic football player
  • 1991 – Emir Bekrić, Serbian hurdler.
  • 1994 – Ansel Elgort, American actor and singer
  • 1996 – Mustafa Batuhan Altintas, Turkish football player
  • 1998 – Neslican Tay, Turkish cancer activist (d.2019)

Weapon

  • 1457 – Emperor Jingtai, seventh emperor of China's Ming Dynasty (b. 1428)
  • 1471 – Thomas Malory, English writer (b. 1415)
  • 1571 – János Zsigmond Zápolya became King of Transylvania and Hungary from 1540-1571 (b. 1540)
  • 1604 – Kınalızade Hasan Çelebi, Ottoman fiqh and kalam scholar (b. 1546)
  • 1632 – Tokugawa Hidetada, 2nd shogun of the Tokugawa Dynasty (b. 1579)
  • 1703 – Robert Hooke, English scientist (b. 1635)
  • 1791 – Johann Salomo Semler, German protestant theologian (b. 1725)
  • 1823 – Charles-François du Périer Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)
  • 1854 – Yekaterina Vladimirovna Apraksina, Russian noble (b. 1770)
  • 1883 – Karl Marx, German philosopher and economist (b. 1818)
  • 1932 – George Eastman, American inventor and industrialist (Kodak Company) (b. 1854)
  • 1938 – Alexei Rykov, Bolshevik revolutionary (b. 1881)
  • 1940 – Gabriele Possanner, Austrian physician (b. 1860)
  • 1944 – Katharine Elizabeth Dopp, American educator and author (b. 1863)
  • 1946 – Werner von Blomberg, Nazi Germany's Minister of Defense b. 1878)
  • 1953 – Klement Gottwald, Czech statesman and journalist b. 1896)
  • 1955 – Şamran Hanım, Turkish composer and canto artist (b. 1870)
  • 1959 – Faik Ahmet Barutçu, Turkish politician (b. 1894)
  • 1968 – Josef Harpe, World War I and II. German Generaloberst during World War II (b. 1887)
  • 1973 – Chic Young, American cartoonist (Blondie-Fatoş-) (b. 1901)
  • 1975 – Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1978 – Aziz Basmacı, Turkish theater and film actor (b. 1912)
  • 1980 – Mohammad Hatta, leader of the Indonesian independence movement (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Maurice Ronet, French film actor (b. 1927)
  • 1989 – Zita von Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria (b. 1892)
  • 1995 – William Alfred Fowler, American philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Jurek Becker, Polish-born German writer, screenwriter, East German dissident (b. 1937)
  • 1997 – Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-born American film director (b. 1907)
  • 2006 – Lennart Meri, Estonian writer and film director (2nd President of Estonia) (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Lucie Aubrac, French history teacher and member of the French Resistance movement (b. 1912)
  • 2017 – Sa'dun Hammadi, former Iraqi prime minister under Saddam Hussein's presidency (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Peter Graves, American actor (Our Mission is Danger) (b. 1926)
  • 2011 – Jülide Gülizar, Turkish presenter, writer, trainer and one of the first newscasters of TRT and Turkey (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – İlhan Feyman, Turkish jazz musician and trumpet player (b. 1930)
  • 2018 – Halit Deringör, Turkish football player and sports writer (b. 1922)
  • 2018 – Marielle Franco, Brazilian activist and politician (b. 1979)
  • 2018 – Stephen Hawking, English physicist, cosmologist, astronomer, theorist, and author (b. 1942)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Medical Day
  • Pi Day
  • World Rotaract Day
  • Withdrawal of Russian and Armenian troops from Hınıs district of Erzurum (1918)
  • Withdrawal of Russian and Armenian troops from Köprüköy district of Erzurum (1918)

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