With the resumption of pandemic restrictions, the freedom and physical activities of people over 65 were also limited. Istanbul Rumeli University Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Lect. Muammer Çorum “Inactivity is the biggest factor affecting human health negatively. In addition, it causes mental problems. Therefore, people over the age of 65 need to increase their physical activity under all circumstances. Exercises such as walking in the house, lifting and carrying various weights, climbing stairs, sitting on a chair, lunge (stepping), squat, sit-ups, push-ups, yoga, pilates that can be applied anywhere and anytime with narrow space and little equipment. It can be considered as an example of exercises that can be done in the home and under social isolation conditions. ''
Although old age is a constant law of being human, there are things to do to delay old age or to have a quality old age period. One of them is to move as much as possible. In order to reduce the spread of the COVID-2019 epidemic that emerged in China in 19 and caused a health crisis all over the world as a pandemic, the authorities were recommended by the authorities to stay at home in order to prevent people from being exposed to the virus. With the resumption of pandemic restriction, the movements of people over the age of 65 were also limited. Saying that regular physical activity affects all systems of our body, Lecturer Muammer Çorum said, '' Scientific research shows the health benefits of physical activity and staying active by providing more and more evidence every day. Regular physical activity contributes to the development and strengthening of the cardiovascular and pulmonary system, musculoskeletal system, endocrine system and immune system. Physical inactivity, on the other hand, causes us to be deprived of all these positive effects provided by exercise, as well as inviting many diseases. Physical inactivity has become a major health problem worldwide. It has been determined that the factor increasing the risk of death due to all causes is low physical capacity.
LIFE WITHOUT MOVEMENT INCREASES BEHAVIOR THAT CONTRIBUTES TO ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION
Stating that the restriction of outdoor activities causes changes in the routine daily activities of individuals, including regular physical activity and exercise, Istanbul Rumeli University Faculty of Health Sciences Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Department Lecturer. Muammer Çorum continued his words as follows: “Staying at home for a long time; Spending time on digital platforms can cause excessive time to spend on motionless behaviors such as watching television, using smartphones and tablets. However, reducing regular physical activity and consequently lower energy expenditure, while bringing the potential risk of worsening for chronic diseases, can also increase behaviors that contribute to anxiety and depression. ''
ESPECIALLY AGES SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES
According to researches and statistics, the mortality rate due to COVID-19 infection is significantly higher in elderly individuals compared to young and middle-aged individuals. This situation causes an increase in restrictions and prohibitions aimed at protecting advanced elderly people, and the elderly spend more time at home. Along with this, the decrease in the level of physical activity causes the emergence of musculoskeletal system diseases or the sick individuals to get worse. Considering the risk factors that arise in case of insufficient physical activities, it is necessary to provide suggestions that will direct the society, especially the elderly, to appropriate activities in their home or isolated environment in the COVID-19 Pandemic conditions we are in.
Çorum lists his suggestions as follows: “In the individual physical activity program, the frequency, intensity and duration of the activity must be determined and a goal must be established. For individuals who are just starting to exercise, the intensity and duration of physical activity should be low at the beginning of the program, gradually
should be increased. Activities should consist of daily life activities such as climbing stairs, walking, or repetitive exercises such as weight lifting or resistance band to improve fitness. Exercises that can be applied anywhere and anytime with narrow space and little equipment such as walking in the house, lifting and carrying various weights, climbing stairs, sitting and standing on a chair, lunges, squats, sit-ups, push-ups, yoga, pilates. Examples of exercises that can be done indoors and under social isolation conditions. Also; Applications that promote physical activity and the use of exercise videos, through the internet, mobile devices and television, are other viable ways to maintain and maintain physical function during this critical period. ''