Who is Demirağ Nuri Nuri Demirağ many firsts that Turkey is known as a businessman. Nuri Demirağ was given his surname by Atatürk. So who is Nuri Demirağ? Nuri Demirağ Republic of Turkey State Railways, one of the first contractors of the construction. Turkey's 10 thousand km railway network carried out the construction of 1250 km long section and Nuri Demirağ therefore to him by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk "Demirağ" was given surname. He is one of the few wealthy of the Republican era and is a well-known business man.
Nuri Demirağ establishment of the first airplane factory in Turkey, the first cigarette paper manufacturing, firsts such as the first local parachute production, the Bosporus Strait on the bridging, Koban is the first person who raised the idea of making a large dam. Especially in the aerospace industry is mentioned with the success. At the same time, Nuri Demirağ National Development Party, the first opposition within the party is the founder of the Republic of Turkey.
Nuri Demirağ was born in 1886, Divriği district of Sivas. His father is Mühürzade Ömer Bey and his mother Ayşe Hanım. He lost his father when he was three years old and was raised by his mother.
After completing his secondary education in Divriği High School, Nuri Demirağ worked in his own school for a while as an assistant teacher due to his success at school. He took the civil service exam opened by Ziraat Bank in 1903. kazanHe was appointed to the branch in the Kangal district by arak, and to the Koçgiri Branch a year later. Between 1906 and 1909, there was a famine in Erzurum province. In 1909, Nuri Bey, using his personal initiative, sold the wheat and grains left in the warehouses to the public at a reasonable price. Therefore, an investigation was opened against him and he was acquitted.
Nuri Demirağ passed the exam of the Ministry of Finance in 1910. kazanHe became a finance officer. He was appointed to Istanbul as a civil servant in the Beyoğlu Revenue Department. After a short time, he became the Property Manager of Hasköy. He worked at all levels of finance. On the other hand, he completed his higher education by attending night classes at the School of Finance. He became a finance inspector in 1918. While he was serving in Beyoğlu and Galata, he was exposed to some insults as a civil servant who had been defeated in the First World War. He resigned because he could not digest these insults.
Mehmet Nuri Bey, married to Mrs. Mesude, had two sons named Galip and Kayi Alp from this marriage, Mefkure, Shukufe, Suveyda, Suheyla, Gulbahar and Turan Melek. The wife of the caricaturist Salih Memecan is the grandchild of AK Party MP Nursuna Memecan.
First Turkish Cigarette Paper
Nuri Bey, who was looking for ways to trade after leaving the finance inspectorate, entered the cigarette paper business in 1918, which was a monopoly of foreigners. He started the first Turkish cigarette paper production in a small shop in Eminönü. He named the cigarette paper he produced as "Turkish Victory". Turkish Victory cigarette papers attracted great attention by the Turkish people who were fighting the War of Independence. Nuri Bey is bigger than his first attempt. kazanachieved three.
National Struggle Years
While Mehmet Nuri was dealing with cigarette production and trade in Istanbul during the national struggle period, he also managed the Maçka Branch of the Defense of Rights Association.
War of Independence from the Republic of Turkey as an independent state, was at hand with the country's railway transport issues; the goal was to expand the rail network as soon as possible. When the French company undertaking the construction of the Samsun-Sivas railway at 1926 left the job, Mehmet Nuri Bey, who entered the tender for the seven-kilometer section to be built in the first place, took the tender by giving a very low price. The rest of the work was given to him to try. brother Abdurrahman Naci engineer at the Land Registry office that Mr. de ettirip partners who resigned from the civil service itself, Mehmet Nuri Bey had become the first railway contractors of the Republic of Turkey. Working with his brother, he completed the Samsun-Erzurum, Sivas-Erzurum and Afyon-Dinar lines in a short time such as the 1012 kilometer. Although they had to open the tunnel by piercing the mountains with sledgehammers on very mountainous and rocky terrain, they completed their jobs on time. In the 1934, Atatürk gave his brother and his brother Abdurrahman Naci Bey the Demirag surname.
While Nuri Bey was building the railway, he also started various large construction projects. Karabuk Iron and Steel, Izmit Cellulose, Sivas Cement and Bursa Merinos facilities, Eceabat Airport, Istanbul Hal Building on the edge of the Golden Horn was built.
Bosphorus Bridge Project
In 1931, he started the bridge construction project for the Bosphorus. He brought in experts from abroad; He signed with the company that built the Golden Gate to build a bridge on the same system as the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. The project, which was all prepared, was presented to President Atatürk at 1934. Although the President liked it, the project did not get approval from the government and the project did not take place. This created a great disappointment in Nuri Demirağ.
Nuri Demirağ after losing the lawsuit filed against the THK, changing the one-party management approach for the development of justice in Turkey was believed to be brought in multi-party democratic system. With this thought, he got into politics. National Development Party, Turkey's first opposition within the party founded in the year 1945. The party failed to enter parliament in the elections 1946 and 1950. 1954 was nominated by the Democratic Party in elections, Sivas deputy became. He worked on desertification, regression in agriculture and livestock, energy, dams, bridges and ports.
13 November 1957 died of diabetes in Istanbul. It was buried in Zincirlikuyu Cemetery.
Aircraft factory and sky school
Uçak Taking licenses from Europe and the United States consists of copy-making. The license is granted for non-figured types. The new inventions, like a secret, are kept with great jealousy. If you continue with copying, you will spend some time with unfashionable things. In this case, a new Turkish type should be brought to the body in response to the latest systems of Europe and America. Hal
The richest businessman of the time, Nuri Demirağ, started his initiative to establish the state's first aircraft factory in 1936. In those years, the military's need for aircraft was covered by donations collected from the people and wealthy businessmen. When he was asked to join a donation campaign initiated to buy an airplane, he said: “If you want something for me, you should ask for the perfect. Since a nation cannot live without a sail, so we must not expect the means of this life from the grace of others. I am the master of this aircraft factory. Ben
Nuri Demirağ planned to establish the factory in his hometown of Divriği. However, a trial workshop was to be established first in Istanbul. To this end, the Czechoslovakian contracted a company. Beside the Barbaros Hayrettin Paşa Pier in Istanbul, a workshop building was built (a large yellow building to the left of the Naval Museum). He purchased Elmaspaşa Farm in Yeşilköy and built a large flight area, hangars and aircraft repair shops to carry out the test flights. The flight area was the largest airport in Europe, the size of Amsterdam Airport. This area is now used as International Istanbul Atatürk Airport.
It was necessary to establish an aviation school for the training of Turkish pilots who would use the aircraft. Sky School was founded in the area where the track was located. In the school, 1943 trained up 290 pilots. Before the Sky School in Yeşilköy, a Gök Secondary School was opened in Divriği. No school in Sivas has been opened in the middle school in this district, all expenses of students are covered; students were brought to Istanbul to take care of aviation and flight lessons were given.
The layout of the aircraft and glider aircraft will be produced at the factory in Besiktas of Turkey's first aircraft engineer Selahattin Resit drew Area. The first single-engine aircraft was built in 1936 and was named Nu.D-36. In 1938, a two-engine 38 passenger plane named Nu.D-6 was built. In 38, NuD-1944 was taken into the world class A passenger aircraft. The first aircraft ordered the 1938 in Turkish Aeronautical Association (THK).
Nuri Demirağ 1939 to work in the field of aviation has continued performing parachute Turkey's first domestic production. The first Turkish airplane in 1941 flew from Istanbul to Divrigi. Son of Nuri Demirağ and the first alumni of the Sky School, Galip Demirağ was a pilot in this flight.
After the 65 glider ordered by THK was delivered as soon as possible; The 36 training aircraft named NuD-24 was completed and the test flights took place in Istanbul.
Closure of aircraft factory
A test flight was requested once again in Eskişehir for the delivery of the planes that THK ordered and finally flying from Istanbul to Eskişehir. While Selahatin Reşit Alan landed with the Nu.D-1938 plane in 36, he did not see the ditch opened on the runway so that the surrounding animals would not enter the airport and fall into the ditch. Resit Alan died in this accident. After this accident, THK canceled the order. Nuri Demirağ entered a court process that lasted for years with the THK he gave to the court. The court concluded in favor of THK. In addition, a law is enacted so that planes cannot be sold abroad. For this reason, the factory, which cannot receive orders, closes in the 1950s. Flight trial tests of the planes produced in Beşiktaş and runways, hangars, all built buildings built for the sky school in those years, all the established facilities in the size of the largest airport in the world, Amsterdam Airport, were expropriated. This airport is today's Atatürk Airport.
Orders from Spain, Iran and Iraq were blocked; the remaining aircraft were sold to the scrap dealer. After Nuri Demirağ lost the case, his attempts to rectify the mistake of writing letters to the members of the government and the president failed; factory failed to open again.