Who is Demirağ Nuri Nuri Demirağ many firsts that Turkey is known as a businessman. Nuri Demirağ was given the surname of Atatürk. Who is Nuri Demirağ?
Nuri Demirağ Republic of Turkey State Railways, one of the first contractors of the construction. Turkey's 10 1250 thousand km railway network carried out the construction of Nuri Demirağ km sections and therefore to him by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk "Demirağ" was given surname. He is a businessman known for his philanthropy and among the richest people of the Republican era.
Nuri Demirağ establishment of the first airplane factory in Turkey, the first cigarette paper manufacturing, firsts such as the first local parachute production, the Bosporus Strait on the bridging, Koban is the first person who raised the idea of making a large dam. Especially in the aerospace industry is mentioned with the success. At the same time, Nuri Demirağ National Development Party, the first opposition within the party is the founder of the Republic of Turkey.
Nuri Demirağ was born in 1886, Divriği district of Sivas. His father is Mühürzade Ömer Bey and his mother Ayşe Hanım. He lost his father when he was three years old and was raised by his mother.
After completing his secondary education at Divriği Rüştiye Mektebi (High School), Nuri Demirağ worked at his own school as a teacher assistant for his success at school. At the 1903, he was accepted to the branch in the Kangal district by the Ziraat Bank branch and he was appointed to the Koçgiri branch a year later. There was a famine in the province of Erzurum between 1906-1909. Nuri Bey, 1909'da, the wheat and cereals left in the warehouse using the personal initiative to the public sold. That's why an investigation was opened and cleared.
Nuri Demirağ won the examination of the Ministry of Finance at 1910 and became a finance officer. He was appointed to Istanbul as a clerk in the Revenue Administration. Soon after, he became the Property Manager of Hasköy. He worked at all levels of finance. On the other hand he attended the night courses of Finance School-i Alisi and did his higher education. He was a finance inspector at 1918. While serving in the vicinity of Beyoğlu and Galata, he was exposed to some insults as civil servant in a state defeated in World War I. He resigned because he couldn't digest these insults.
Mehmet Nuri Bey, married to Mrs. Mesude, had two sons named Galip and Kayi Alp from this marriage, Mefkure, Shukufe, Suveyda, Suheyla, Gulbahar and Turan Melek. The wife of the caricaturist Salih Memecan is the grandchild of AK Party MP Nursuna Memecan.
First Turkish Cigarette Paper
After quitting his job as a fiscal inspector, Nuri Bey, who was looking for ways to do business, entered the cigarette paper business in 1918, a monopoly of foreigners. He started the first Turkish cigarette paper production in a small shop in Eminönü. He named his cigarette paper eri Turkish Victory Ür. The Turkish Victory has attracted great attention by the Turkish people, who have been issuing the War of Independence. Nuri Bey made a big profit from this first initiative.
National Struggle Years
While Mehmet Nuri was dealing with cigarette production and trade in Istanbul during the national struggle period, he also managed the Maçka Branch of the Defense of Rights Association.
War of Independence from the Republic of Turkey as an independent state, was at hand with the country's railway transport issues; the goal was to expand the rail network as soon as possible. When the French company undertaking the construction of the Samsun-Sivas railway at 1926 left the job, Mehmet Nuri Bey, who entered the tender for the seven-kilometer section to be built in the first place, took the tender by giving a very low price. The rest of the work was given to him to try. brother Abdurrahman Naci engineer at the Land Registry office that Mr. de ettirip partners who resigned from the civil service itself, Mehmet Nuri Bey had become the first railway contractors of the Republic of Turkey. Working with his brother, he completed the Samsun-Erzurum, Sivas-Erzurum and Afyon-Dinar lines in a short time such as the 1012 kilometer. Although they had to open the tunnel by piercing the mountains with sledgehammers on very mountainous and rocky terrain, they completed their jobs on time. In the 1934, Atatürk gave his brother and his brother Abdurrahman Naci Bey the Demirag surname.
While Nuri Bey was building the railway, he also started various large construction projects. Karabuk Iron and Steel, Izmit Cellulose, Sivas Cement and Bursa Merinos facilities, Eceabat Airport, Istanbul Hal Building on the edge of the Golden Horn was built.
Bosphorus Bridge Project
In 1931, he started the bridge construction project for the Bosphorus. He brought in experts from abroad; He signed with the company that built the Golden Gate to build a bridge on the same system as the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. The project, which was all prepared, was presented to President Atatürk at 1934. Although the President liked it, the project did not get approval from the government and the project did not take place. This created a great disappointment in Nuri Demirağ.
Nuri Demirağ after losing the lawsuit filed against the THK, changing the one-party management approach for the development of justice in Turkey was believed to be brought in multi-party democratic system. With this thought, he got into politics. National Development Party, Turkey's first opposition within the party founded in the year 1945. The party failed to enter parliament in the elections 1946 and 1950. 1954 was nominated by the Democratic Party in elections, Sivas deputy became. He worked on desertification, regression in agriculture and livestock, energy, dams, bridges and ports.
13 November 1957 died of diabetes in Istanbul. It was buried in Zincirlikuyu Cemetery.
Aircraft factory and sky school
Uçak Taking licenses from Europe and the United States consists of copy-making. The license is granted for non-figured types. The new inventions, like a secret, are kept with great jealousy. If you continue with copying, you will spend some time with unfashionable things. In this case, a new Turkish type should be brought to the body in response to the latest systems of Europe and America. Hal
The richest businessman of the time, Nuri Demirağ, started his initiative to establish the state's first aircraft factory in 1936. In those years, the military's need for aircraft was covered by donations collected from the people and wealthy businessmen. When he was asked to join a donation campaign initiated to buy an airplane, he said: “If you want something for me, you should ask for the perfect. Since a nation cannot live without a sail, so we must not expect the means of this life from the grace of others. I am the master of this aircraft factory. Ben
Nuri Demirağ planned to establish the factory in his hometown of Divriği. However, a trial workshop was to be established first in Istanbul. To this end, the Czechoslovakian contracted a company. Beside the Barbaros Hayrettin Paşa Pier in Istanbul, a workshop building was built (a large yellow building to the left of the Naval Museum). He purchased Elmaspaşa Farm in Yeşilköy and built a large flight area, hangars and aircraft repair shops to carry out the test flights. The flight area was the largest airport in Europe, the size of Amsterdam Airport. This area is now used as International Istanbul Atatürk Airport.
It was necessary to establish an aviation school for the training of Turkish pilots who would use the aircraft. Sky School was founded in the area where the track was located. In the school, 1943 trained up 290 pilots. Before the Sky School in Yeşilköy, a Gök Secondary School was opened in Divriği. No school in Sivas has been opened in the middle school in this district, all expenses of students are covered; students were brought to Istanbul to take care of aviation and flight lessons were given.
The layout of the aircraft and glider aircraft will be produced at the factory in Besiktas of Turkey's first aircraft engineer Selahattin Resit drew Area. The first single-engine aircraft was built in 1936 and was named Nu.D-36. In 1938, a two-engine 38 passenger plane named Nu.D-6 was built. In 38, NuD-1944 was taken into the world class A passenger aircraft. The first aircraft ordered the 1938 in Turkish Aeronautical Association (THK).
Nuri Demirağ 1939 to work in the field of aviation has continued performing parachute Turkey's first domestic production. The first Turkish airplane in 1941 flew from Istanbul to Divrigi. Son of Nuri Demirağ and the first alumni of the Sky School, Galip Demirağ was a pilot in this flight.
After the 65 glider ordered by THK was delivered as soon as possible; The 36 training aircraft named NuD-24 was completed and the test flights took place in Istanbul.
Closure of aircraft factory
For the delivery of airplanes which were ordered by THK and finally flying from Istanbul to Eskişehir, a test flight was requested in Eskişehir. While Selahatin Reşit Alan is landing on the Nu.D-1938 plane at 36, the surrounding animals will not see the trench on the runway and enter the ditch so that they do not enter the airport. Reşit Alan died in this accident. After this accident, THK canceled the order. Nuri Demirağ entered the court process with the THK that he gave to the court. The court concluded in favor of THK. Furthermore, a law is enacted so that the aircraft cannot be sold abroad. Therefore, the factory can not receive the order closes in 1950. Flight test tests for aircraft produced in Besiktas and the runways for the sky school, hangars, all the built buildings on them were expropriated in those years. All the installed facilities in the size of the largest airport in the world were expropriated. This airport is today Atatürk Airport.
Orders from Spain, Iran and Iraq were blocked; the remaining aircraft were sold to the scrap dealer. After Nuri Demirağ lost the case, his attempts to rectify the mistake of writing letters to the members of the government and the president failed; factory failed to open again.