With the development of technology, almost everything around us becomes digital. He now sends our mail from the computer; We use smartphones to communicate and social media to send pictures to each other. The digitalization process of the technology-oriented world has had an impact on the art world as well as in other fields. The history of digital art, which has been increasing in popularity since the 2000s and is considered as a unique combination of art and technology, actually goes back to ancient times.
What is Digital Art?
Art; It is the expression of creativity and imagination through tools such as music, dance, sculpture and painting. In the digitalizing world, the artist's use of technological tools to express his feelings and thoughts can be defined as digital art.
Digital art, which is a combination of art and technology, covers all branches of art in which the artist uses technological devices to produce his works. The artist reveals his imagination and creativity by using computer programs instead of the materials he uses in traditional methods.
In order for the artist to produce digital art in a quality manner, he must have hardware such as a computer, camera, lighting tools and some computer programs.
Transformation of Technology and Art
The main difference between traditional art and digital art is that the area in which it is designed is different. For example, in traditional art, a painter uses canvas while producing his work. In digital art, digital tools such as a computer or camera are used in the design of the work. The concept of digital art covers a wide area. From graphic arrangements to reproduction and copying of traditional art forms such as photography, sculpture, painting; Many applications, from engineering construction to projects involving artificial intelligence, can be examined under the title of digital art.
The first digital art product was designed in 1946 through the first computer ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) developed by US scientists. The data obtained for weapon construction and nuclear calculations were used for aesthetic purposes.
American Art and Technology Experiments (EAT) was founded in New York in 1966 to encourage artists to work in partnership with scientists who are experts in the field of technology.
In the early 1950s, American artist and mathematician Ben Laposky was among the pioneers of digital art by creating electronic images from waveforms. Today, however, we are faced with a much newer digital concept: NFT. You can find detailed information about this new term, which can be defined as crypto art, in the "What is NFT?" content.
Digital Artists in Turkey and in the World
In the 2000s, when the digitalization process increased its effectiveness on art, artists such as Mike Campau, Jonathan Barr, Cristinia Siquiera, Grezegorz Domaradzki, Jerico Santander, Chuck Anderson, Pete Harrison, Pablo Afieri, Jared Nickorson, Alberto Seveso produced in digital environment. Working with world-renowned brands such as Chevrolet, BMW, Ford, Pepsi, ESPN and Sony, American digital artist Mike Campau is famous all over the world with his exhibitions “Waste Not, Want Not” and “Stay Green, Go Red” for consumer culture. kazanis gone. American graphic designer and animator Joseph Winkelmann, also known as Beeple, is famous in the field of digital art for his pop culture figures with political and social commentary. kazanIs Her.
The number of artists who are interested in digital art in our country is increasing day by day. One of the pioneers of digital art in Turkey is Özcan Onur. Onur, who graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in 1960, worked in a team that designed graphic programs in the PC environment in France, and later exhibited the works he prepared at that time in Istanbul. One of the first names in the field of digital art is Hamdi Telli. Names such as Ahmet Atan, Bahadır Uçan, Atilla Ansen, Orhan Cem Çetin, Emre Turhal are also famous in the field of digital art. kazanamong the famous artists. Refik Anadol is one of the most popular digital artists in the world in recent years; It has made a name for itself with its digital design, especially for the facades of the Walt Disney Concert Hall, designed by the famous architect Frank Gehry, using artificial intelligence technology.