79,7 percent of the participants of the "Coronavirus Perception, Expectation and Attitude Research in Istanbul" stated that they have sufficient information about the coronavirus. While it was emphasized that restrictions and controls should be increased in the fight against the epidemic, 29,2 percent of those who wanted restrictions demanded a curfew and 15,3 percent demanded a quarantine for fifteen days. Four out of every five participants, one acquaintance had the disease, 82,9 percent of them that the epidemic will increase in Istanbul in the future. The use of masks rose from 35,8 percent in March to 99,6 percent. 55,4 percent of males and 41,6 percent of females said they would like to be vaccinated if the vaccine is available.
The "Coronavirus Perception, Expectation and Attitude Research in Istanbul" conducted by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Istanbul Statistical Office has been published. The research, the first of which was conducted between 19 and 22 March, was repeated between 17 and 21 November 2020. In the study, which was created using the Computer Aided Telephone Survey (CATI) method with 749 residents of Istanbul randomly selected, the perception, expectations and attitudes of Istanbul residents against coronavirus were measured; Data obtained in March and November were compared. The following results were reached in the study:
79,7 percent have enough knowledge about coronavirus
To the question of "Do you think you have enough information about the coronavirus" asked to the participants, 13 percent of the participants answered that they did not have enough information, 7,3 percent were not sure, 79,7 percent answered that they had enough information.
Quarantine and inspections should be increased
Asked what other measures can be taken to combat coronavirus, most of the participants said that restrictions should be increased. Among these restrictions, a curfew with 29,2 percent and a quarantine for 15,3 days with XNUMX percent were stated. Participants stated that they would need financial assistance in case of quarantine.
Another issue addressed by the participants was increasing the inspections. It was also noted that in order for the coronavirus to be brought under control, citizens must comply with the rules and criminal sanctions should be applied when necessary.
55,4 percent of men and 41,6 percent of women want to be vaccinated
If the coronavirus vaccine is available, 55,4 percent of men and 41,6 percent of women want to be vaccinated. Looking at the age range, 61 percent of those aged 60,5 and over, 41 percent of those aged 60 to 51, 31 percent of those aged 40 to 42,2, and 18 percent of those aged 30 to 50,3. He stated that he wanted to be vaccinated.
Developments are mostly watched on television
10 percent of the participants, who were asked where they followed the coronavirus-related news in the last 55,1 days, were from television, 32,6 percent from social media, 11,1 percent from internet news sites, 0,7 percent from newspapers, 0,5 percent, XNUMX of them stated that they followed from Whatsapp groups.
Mask use increased to 99,6 percent
"What precautions have you taken regarding coronavirus for the last 10 days?" In March, 40,4 percent answered "I wear gloves" and 35,8 percent answered "I wear a mask". In November, he stated that he used 31 percent gloves and 99,6 percent masks.
More attention is paid to nutrition
"Have you been paying attention to your diet for the last 10 days to take precautions against coronavirus?" 60,4 percent of the participants answered “Yes” in March and 91,8 percent in November.
Public transport usage decreased in November compared to March
While 45,5 percent of the participants stated that they did not use / use public transportation less in March, this rate increased to 82 percent in November. Before the coronavirus period, 39 percent of the participants stated that they used buses, minibuses and similar transportation vehicles, 34,2 percent used their personal vehicles, 20,8 percent used transportation vehicles such as subway and Marmaray, 6 percent stated that they reached their destination on foot. . Participants who stated that their transportation preferences changed during the coronavirus period; 26,3 percent of them stated that they use buses, minibuses and similar transportation vehicles, 51,3 percent of them use their personal vehicles, 10,3 percent of them use transportation vehicles such as the subway and Marmaray, and 12,1 percent of them stated that they can reach it on foot.
The rate of shoppers decreased
The rate of those who stated that they were shopping more than before the coronavirus was 25,9 percent in March and 11,5 percent in November. 77,6 percent of the participants stated that they bought food products, 45,9 percent cleaning materials, 15,3 percent immune enhancing support products, and 2,4 percent baby care products.
94,4 percent's daily life was affected
To the question of "How did the coronavirus affect your daily life?" . In November, 37,5 percent answered that it restricted my socialization, 35,1 percent impaired my psychology, 14,5 percent restricted my range of motion, 12,9 percent did not affect their daily life.
Anxiety, fear and stress levels increased
As a result of the developments due to the pandemic, 69 percent of the participants stated that the levels of anxiety, 65 percent of the participants, 58,4 percent of fear, 45,5 percent of loneliness, and 44,9 percent of their despair increased.
In March, 57,9 percent of respondents stated that they were worried, 18,1 percent were partially anxious and 24 percent were not, while in November, 70,9 percent were worried, 11,5 percent were partially anxious and 17,6 percent were Said, XNUMX is not worried.
91,6 percent worried about the infection
In the study conducted in March, 75,2 percent of the participants were infected by the virus or their relatives, 81,1 percent due to economic problems, 70,4 percent due to the disruption of educational services, 70,3 percent from more restrictions in their daily life. and 41,6 percent stated that they were worried about not getting enough food. In November, 91,6 percent of the virus infects themselves or their relatives, 87,9 percent of economic problems, 80,6 percent of educational services disruption, 65,6 percent of more restrictions in daily life and 35,7 percent XNUMX stated that they were worried about not getting enough food.
5 out of every 4 people have a known disease
"Which of your acquaintances got coronavirus disease?" The first answer given by the participants to the question was their neighbors, the second was their relatives living in Istanbul, and the third was their colleagues.
It is thought to negatively affect the economy
91,8 percent of the participants stated that the country's economy was adversely affected by the epidemic; 92,5 percent think that this effect will continue in the upcoming period.
Participants think coronavirus cases will increase
76,4 percent of those surveyed in Turkey, while 82,9 percent of coronavirus cases in Istanbul will increase in the coming period, he said. In March, 97,5 percent of respondents thought the virus would be contained within 12 months, while it fell to 58,9 percent in November. While 20,1 percent think that it will be taken under control within 13-24 months, 21 percent think it will take more than 24 months.
Demographic Information of Participants
The research includes 8 categories determined depending on education, profession and income level, from socio-economic status (SES) level to upper (A +, A), upper-middle (B +, B), lower-middle (C +, C) and lower (D and E) evaluated according to their status. Stratified sampling, one of the random sampling methods, was used in order to represent Istanbul in the study; Stratification was made according to the SES criteria. 3,1 percent of respondents were E, 17,9 percent D, 43,1 percent C, 17,4 percent C +, 5,6 percent B, 6,3 percent B +, percent 1,3 percent of them were A and 5,3 percent were people residing in the district with A + socioeconomic status. 61,1 percent of the participants were between the ages of 18-40, while 38,9 percent were in the age group over 40. While 50,9 percent of the participants were women, 49,1 percent were men.