In order to evaluate the automotive industry in terms of logistics, first of all, it is necessary to take a look at the figures in the automotive industry. It is important to analyze the reflections of the economic bottleneck and exchange rate fluctuations that we entered after May 2018 correctly in the automotive sector.
When we look at the data released by the Automotive Industry Association; In January-October period of 2018, total production decreased by 6 compared to the same period of the previous year and automobile production by 9. In the same period, we can reach the information that the total production is 1 million 298 and 282 thousand 858 units.
Besides, in the reports of OSD; In the commercial vehicle group, production was realized in parallel with the previous year in the January-October period of 2018, while the light commercial vehicle group remained at the same level, while in the heavy commercial vehicle group it increased by 18 percent. Automotive export figures, on the other hand, show that total automotive exports are parallel to the previous year, while automobile exports decreased by 5 percent. In the January-October period of 2018, compared to the same period of the previous year, total automotive exports increased by 13 percent in USD terms and 6 percent in Euro terms due to the change in parity. In this period, total automotive exports amounted to $ 26,9 Billion, while automobile exports increased by 6 percent to $ 10,327 Billion. Automobile exports in Euro terms decreased by 1 percent and reached € 8,653 Billion.
In the light of these figures, I think it is appropriate to carry out two different analyzes when we consider logistics in parallel with the automotive industry. One of these is the added value created by the Turkish Automotive Industry for the logistics industry, and the other is the effects of the technological development experienced in the automotive industry on the business practices of the logistics industry.
Turkish automotive industry, showing a rapid development in recent years has become an important sector in the economy of the country and Turkey, regional location, high market potential, as a result of growing domestic and international market volume and investments, particularly of exported vehicles to the EU "production center ”Had been. However, the decline in 2018 has affected both the automotive sector and our stakeholders. However, in order for the Turkish automotive sector to reach its export-related targets, it is also necessary to plan and manage the logistics structure accurately and efficiently and to gain competitive power for the sector. This is only possible with the establishment of a strong logistic system physical infrastructure and workflow processes.
Today, despite the increasing logistical needs, we see that there are serious shortcomings in terms of efficient and efficient logistics services against the growth trends of the sector.
For this reason, we believe that the existing logistics infrastructure of our country should continue its development in a way that will support the production and export in the future and satisfy the goals of the automotive industry. Both the private sector and the public need to take steps to meet the needs of the automotive sector, one of the locomotive sectors of the country's exports, while planning the logistics infrastructure and new investments. Completing the connection roads of the ports is of great importance, especially considering that almost 90 percent of automotive exports are made by seaway.
Technological development and R&D investments in the automotive industry are also closely related to the logistics industry. Especially considering the EU countries where our foreign trade is intensive; technological investments constitute a serious situation for our industry. As is known, vehicles using fossil fuels are banned in many countries of the EU. From this point of view, we expect our automotive industry to produce new generation vehicles that are environmentally friendly and have the technology that will be accepted all over the world. With the transformation of transportation in the next 10 years, the whole world will switch to electric and possibly even driverless vehicles.
From the standpoint of our country's economy, international transport companies will have to invest in new fleet of vehicles. At this point, the necessary steps of the automotive industry and the production of commercial vehicles with this technology in our country will both improve our country and make it easier for us to invest. (Emre ELDENER) UTIKAD Chairman of the Board)