Factors to Know for Acne-Free Skin

Factors to Know for Acne-Free Skin
Factors to Know for Acne-Free Skin

From the Department of Dermatology at Memorial Service Hospital, Uz. Dr. Selma Salman gave information about the causes and treatment methods of acne.

Stating that pimples cause permanent scars on the skin surface, they constitute an important social problem for patients. Dr. Selma Salman, “Pimples are caused by the sebaceous glands of the skin producing more oil (sebum) than normal, and the clogging of the pores due to the inability to remove dead cells, p. It is seen due to the proliferation of bacteria called acnes and the resulting inflammatory events. Being conscious about acne has an important place in prevention. Here are some things to know about acne: he said.

80-90% of pimples usually appear during adolescence. The reason for this is the increase in fat secretion with the effect of hormones during puberty. Dr. Selma Salman, “However, there is also the type of acne that we call adult acne, which starts after the age of 25. Acne that occurs during this period may be hormonal disorders in people. In addition, familial predisposition has an effect on the formation of acne.

Pimples usually appear on the face, especially on the forehead, chin and cheeks, says Uz. Dr. Selma Salman continued her words as follows:

“Acne especially concentrated on the chin area is likely to be hormonal. In these patients, especially if there is menstrual irregularity and increased hair growth, hormone tests should be checked. Apart from this, acne also occurs in areas where sebaceous glands are dense, such as forehead, cheeks, shoulders, upper back and chest. The treatment of acne on the face is determined by the severity of the acne. In case of acne problem with mild severity and black spots at the forefront, rubbing treatments containing active ingredients such as topical retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, azeleic acid, and salicylic acid are used. In the acne problem of moderate severity, rich in inflamed pimples, oral antibiotics are also recommended in addition to the rub treatments. In case of severe, scarring, deep-cyst-forming acne problem that does not respond to other treatments, an oral vitamin A derivative drug treatment is recommended. Hormonal therapy is also used in the presence of an underlying hormonal condition or in the presence of additional findings such as increased hair growth with signs of hyperandrogenism.

Stating that acne can recur after treatment, Uz. Dr. Selma Salman stated that this situation may mostly be due to the early discontinuation of the treatment and that there are other reasons such as not paying attention to skin care after the end of the treatment and the presence of hormonal problems.

Stating that the treatments of acne are planned according to the patient, some acne patients are treated with antibiotics. Dr. Selma Salman, “In the acne problem where moderate and inflamed acne is dominant, oral antibiotic treatment is also given in addition to the rub treatments. In order to prevent the development of antibiotic resistance, oral antibiotics are not applied alone in the treatment, but in combination with smear treatments. said.

Stating that fast food diet, dairy and high glycemic index diet trigger the risk of acne, Uz. Dr. Selma Salman noted that a low-fat, vegetable-based Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of acne.

Stating that skin care reduces the risk of acne, Uz. Dr. Selma Salman continued:

“People who are prone to acne should wash their face with a gel-formed washing product morning and evening, tone them to tighten the pores and clean the remaining dirt, and finally moisturize the face with a water-based cream containing anti-acne active ingredients. Hard scrubs should not be made on the face. Hard peeling products should not be used more than 1-2 times a week.

Stating that acnes whose treatment is interrupted can cause scars on the face, Uz. Dr. Selma Salman, “Pimple scars can be at the same level as the skin or in the form of pitted scars. While dermocosmetic procedures such as chemical peeling, enzyme peeling, carbon peeling, which are the peeling of the upper layer of the skin, are sufficient for scars that are at the same level as the skin; Treatments such as Gold Needle Radiofrequency, Dermapen, PRP application, Mesotherapy, Fractional laser, which trigger the production of collagen in the pit scars, are recommended.” he said.

Günceleme: 11/01/2023 12:44

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