Prof. from Memorial Şişli Hospital Cardiology Department. Dr. Sabri Demircan gave information about heart diseases and protection of heart health. The most common complaints of people diagnosed with heart disease are; There are shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations and fainting. Dr. Sabri Demircan said, “But not every chest pain, shortness of breath or palpitation means heart disease. When patients apply to the doctor with these complaints, the patient's disease history and general risk profile are learned. After a detailed examination, it is determined whether these complaints are the result of a heart disease. said.
Heart palpitations can be caused by the hormonal level of the body and physical activities. Palpitations after a light physical activity in inactive people may be due to heart disease; Saying that it can also occur due to lack of fitness as a result of inactivity, Prof. Dr. Sabri Demircan said, “In people who wake up with palpitations at night, have palpitations in the form of attacks at rest, but also have complaints of blackout, chest pain and fainting, these palpitations may be a sign of a serious heart disease or rhythm disorder. Chest pain, which occurs after the age of 40 in men and after the age of 55 in women and in the postmenopausal period, increases with physical effort and goes away with rest, should bring to mind heart disease. People who have diabetes and familial cholesterol problems, who smoke a lot, can have cardiovascular diseases even if they are young. he said.
Stating that heart failure is among the most common heart diseases, Prof. Dr. Sabri Demircan, “Heart failure is the decrease in the blood pumping capacity of the heart for various reasons. In advanced stages, heart failure can cause shortness of breath that wakes you up while changing clothes in daily activities, taking a bath or at night. Among the causes of heart failure; a congenital heart muscle problem, long-term uncontrolled blood pressure or rhythm disorder, a damage or disease in the heart muscle after a heart attack, or heart valve diseases. Patients with heart failure need to use medication for life. In addition to drug treatments, patients must also take certain precautions.” he said.
Stating that the treatment of rhythm disorder in the heart with drugs, ablation methods and a pacemaker is available, Prof. Dr. Sabri Demircan, “shortness of breath; It may be a symptom of heart failure, overweight, low condition, rhythm disorder or heart valve disease. A heart rhythm disorder causes the heart to beat too slowly, too fast, or irregularly. If a person has a family history of genetic problems with premature deaths, heart failure or a heart attack, rhythm disturbance can be a precursor of sudden cardiac arrest.
Intermittent, instantaneous blood pressure elevations or long-term uncontrolled blood pressure elevations reduce the quality of life of the person; Stating that it can cause problems such as heart failure, cardiovascular disease and stroke, Prof. Dr. For this reason, Sabri Demircan emphasized the importance of blood pressure control, especially in heart patients.
Stating that people with a family history of cardiovascular disease should be more careful, Prof. Dr. Sabri Demircan listed his suggestions as follows:
“Knowing the risk factors is important in protecting against heart disease. Age, gender and family history are risk factors that cannot be changed. Modifiable risk factors include; diseases such as smoking, stress, overweight, sedentary life and high blood pressure. Smoking should be avoided as smoking increases the risk of developing heart diseases. Having an active life, exercising is very important. Exercising for 5-30 minutes 40 days a week not only reduces the risk of developing heart disease, but also reduces the progression of the disease in people with heart disease and provides beneficial effects in compliance with treatment. Keeping the average number of daily steps around 7000 with pedometers positively affects heart health. Weight control must be ensured. Especially people with belly fat are at risk for heart diseases. Mediterranean-style eating habits should be adopted, where fresh vegetables, fruits, white meat, fish and healthy fats are consumed. The Mediterranean-style diet reduces the risk of many diseases, including heart disease. Staying away from stress and adequate and regular sleep also protect cardiovascular health.
Günceleme: 17/01/2023 11:28