Stating that diabetes (diabetes) disrupts the vascular structure in all organs, Prof. Kaskaloğlu Eye Hospital physicians. Dr. Erkin Kır said that this situation also affects the eye and can lead to diabetic retinopathy, which causes serious vision loss.
Stating that with the long-term high course of blood sugar in diabetes, the capillaries become clogged and their structure deteriorates. Dr. Erkin Kır stated that in this disease, the nutrition of the eye also deteriorates, small vascular enlargements resulting in edema and subsequent undesired new vessel formations that cause bleeding are observed.
Noting that patients diagnosed with diabetes should have an eye examination from the moment of diagnosis, Kır said that if diabetic retinopathy is not treated, it can lead to intraocular bleeding and irreversible serious vision loss.
REGULAR DIABETES REQUIRED
Stating that with the development of diabetic retinopathy, patients should have eye examinations every 3 to 6 months, depending on the condition of the disease. Dr. Erkin Kır pointed out that in some cases, examinations can be made much more frequently and said, “It is very important to keep sugar under control. Diabetic Retinopathy can be prevented with regular sugar therapy. Even if the eye treatment is successful, the diabetes treatment should continue at the same time. For this, there are devices that show the sugar level just like a clock. If necessary, these devices can be obtained with the guidance of endocrine physicians. In addition to high blood sugar, co-morbidities such as hypertension increase the risk of diabetic retinopathy. In the diagnosis, examination is performed together with the drops. Angiography and eye tomography provide us with the necessary information for diagnosis.
Expressing that laser and intraocular needle treatments are applied in the treatment of macular edema and hemorrhages that develop after the deterioration of small vessel structures, Kır continued his words as follows: “Besides; In advanced cases, vision loss does not progress and regresses. kazanvitrectomy surgery is required. These surgeries, which are mostly performed without stitches with incisions smaller than 1 mm, are performed very safely and successfully. If the disease is detected early, treatments are more successful. That's why regular eye control is important.