Today in History: Aygaz Tanker Owned by Koç Holding Capsized in the Aegean Sea

Aygaz Tanker Owned by Koc Holding Capsized in the Aegean Sea
Aygaz Tanker Owned by Koc Holding Capsized in the Aegean Sea

March 27 is the 86th day of the year (87st in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 279.

Railways

  • 27 March 1873 A borrowing contract was prepared between the Ottoman Empire and the Ottoman Bank and the Credit General Ottoman. According to the contract, the Ottoman State would borrow 3.000 million Ottoman liras for use in the 50 km railway construction. This borrowing as a “railway stability” could not be used due to the depression that occurred in the Vienna Stock Exchange.

Events

  • 425 - Emperor II. The first high school, called Auditorium, was opened in Constantinople during the reign of Theodosius. At the school, 31 professors began teaching Latin and Greek oratory and grammar, law and philosophy.
  • 630 – Tang Dynasty defeats Eastern Gokturk Khaganate in Yin Mountains (present-day Inner Mongolia).
  • 1692 – Bahadırzade Arabacı Ali Pasha was removed from the Grand Viziership and Bozoklu (Bıyıklı) Mustafa Pasha was appointed instead.
  • 1854 – Crimean War: The United Kingdom declares war on the Russian Empire.
  • 1890 - 76 people were killed and 200 injured in a storm in Louisville, Kentucky.
  • 1891 – The first issue of Servet-i Fünûn magazine was published.
  • 1918 – Bessarabia and Moldova joined Romania.
  • 1941 – General Dušan Simović seized power in Yugoslavia in a bloodless coup. The new Government decided to secede from the Axis Powers.
  • 1958 - Nikita Khrushchev was promoted to Prime Minister of the USSR.
  • 1969 – Aygaz tanker belonging to Koç Holding capsized in the Aegean Sea, one person out of the 15 crew was able to escape.
  • 1972 – Turkish People's Liberation Party-Front leader Mahir Çayan and his friends kidnapped 3 British technicians from Ünye Radar Base.
  • 1976 – Foreign Minister İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil and US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger signed the Defense Cooperation Agreement in Washington, DC. According to this agreement, Turkey would give permission to the bases, and the United States would provide assistance to Turkey in return.
  • 1977 – Tenerife disaster: Royal Netherlands Airlines (KLM) Boeing 747 passenger plane, which was about to take off at Tenerife North Airport in the Canary Islands, collided with another Pan Am Boeing, which was about to take off. 575 people died in the accident, 70 people were injured.
  • 1977 – Veli Acar, who had an affair with his aunt, killed his own brother Recep Acar by hitting him on the head with a picnic tube while he was asleep. He was executed on September 12.
  • 1982 – The 12th execution of the September 14 Coup: Fikri Arkan, a right-wing militant who tied the left-wing Veli Güneş and Halim Kaplan, who was kidnapped in Ankara on 14/15 October 1978, by their hands and feet, killed them, put them in a sack and threw them into a stockade, was executed. was done.
  • 1986 – Yahya Demirel, who had been on trial for 10 years in the imaginary furniture case, was released.
  • 1987 – The opening of the 'Hora' (Seismic-1) ship to the international territorial waters of the Aegean for oil exploration coincided with the date announced by Greece for oil exploration, alarming the armed forces of the two countries.
  • 1994 - The Eurofighter Typhoon made its first test flight.
  • 1996 – US President Bill Clinton came to Turkey with his wife Hillary Clinton and daughter Chelsea.
  • 1999 – Joining forces agreement signed between Nissan and Renault.
  • 2012 – Turkey suspended all activities of the Embassy in Damascus.

Births

  • 1676 – II. Ferenc Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian independence movement (d. 1735)
  • 1746 – Carl Bonaparte, Italian lawyer and diplomat (d. 1785)
  • 1781 – Charles Joseph Minard, French civil engineer (d. 1870)
  • 1785 – XVII. Louis XVI. Second son of Louis and Queen Marie Antoinette (d. 1795)
  • 1797 – Alfred de Vigny, French writer and poet (d. 1863)
  • 1814 – Charles Mackay, Scottish poet, author, journalist, and songwriter (d. 1889)
  • 1822 – Ahmet Cevdet Pasha, Turkish statesman (d. 1895)
  • Virginia Minor, American activist and suffragist pioneer (d. 1894)
  • Johann Wilhelm Hittorf, German physicist (d. 1914)
  • 1825 – Andrey Dostoyevsky, Russian architect, engineer, memo, mechanic (d. 1897)
  • 1832 – Paul Arbaud, French book collector and philanthropist (d. 1911)
  • 1839 – John Ballance, New Zealand politician (d. 1893)
  • 1839 – Gottlieb Viehe, German missionary (d. 1901)
  • 1845 – Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 1923)
  • 1847 – Otto Wallach, German chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1931)
  • 1850 – Kiyoura Keigo, 13th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1942)
  • 1854 – Władysław Kulczyński, Polish biologist, arachnologist, taxonomist, mountaineer, and teacher (d. 1919)
  • 1855 – James Alfred Ewing, Scottish physicist and engineer (d. 1935)
  • 1863 – Henry Royce, English engineer and automobile designer (d. 1933)
  • 1871 – Heinrich Mann, German writer (d. 1950)
  • 1875 – Cécile Vogt-Mugnier, French neurologist (d. 1962)
  • 1879 – Edward Steichen, American photographer (d. 1973)
  • 1879 – Sándor Garbai, Hungarian politician (d. 1947)
  • 1881 – Arkadi Averchenko, Russian humorist (d. 1925)
  • 1886 – Clemens Holzmeister, Austrian architect and designer (d. 1983)
  • 1886 – Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German architect (d. 1969)
  • 1886 – Sergey Mironovich Kirov, Russian Bolshevik leader (d. 1934)
  • 1889 – Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu, Turkish writer and co-founder of Anadolu Agency (d. 1974)
  • 1891 – Lajos Zilahy, Hungarian writer (d. 1974)
  • 1891 – Klaudziy Duj-Dusheuski, Belarusian architect, diplomat, and journalist (d. 1959)
  • 1893 – Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (d. 1947)
  • 1895 – Erich Abraham, general in the Wehrmacht in Nazi Germany (d. 1971)
  • 1895 – Ole Peder Arvesen, Norwegian engineer and mathematician (d. 1991)
  • 1897 – Fred Keating, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 1899 Gloria Swanson, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1900 – Ethel Lang, British woman aged 110+ (d. 2015)
  • 1901 – Eisaku Sato, Japanese politician and 3-term Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1975)
  • 1902 – Alexander Kotikov, II. Soviet major general, military officer in charge of Berlin from 1956 to 1950, after World War II (d. 1981)
  • 1912 – James Callaghan, English politician (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Cyrus Vance, 57th US Secretary of State (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Asuman Baytop Turkish botanist and pharmacist (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Louis Simpson, Jamaican-American writer
  • 1924 – Sarah Vaughan, American pianist (d. 1990)
  • 1927 – Coşkun Kırca, Turkish politician and diplomat (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Mstislav Leopoldovic Rostropovich, Soviet conductor and pianist (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Anne Ramsey, American film, television and stage actress (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – David Janssen, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1932 – Hasan Pulur, Turkish journalist and columnist (d. 2015)
  • 1939 – Kartal Tibet, Turkish actor and director (d. 2021)
  • 1941 – Ivan Gašparovič, Slovak politician
  • 1944 – Yusuf Kupeli, Turkish socialist politician, one of the 68 generation student youth leaders and one of the founders of the Turkish People's Liberation Party-Front
  • 1946 – Zeliha Berksoy, Turkish theater artist
  • 1950 – Can Okanar, Turkish journalist and television personality
  • 1950 – Native Dancer, US-born thoroughbred racehorse (d. 1967)
  • 1953 – Adnan Yücel, Turkish writer (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Quentin Tarantino, American film director, actor, and Academy Award winner for Best Original Screenplay
  • 1967 – Talisa Soto, American actress and model
  • 1970 – Mariah Carey, American singer
  • 1970 – Elizabeth Mitchell, American actress
  • 1970 – Leyla Pahlavi, youngest daughter of Iranian shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi with Farah Pahlavi (d. 2001)
  • 1971 – David Coulthard, Scottish Formula 1 racer
  • 1971 - Nathan Fillion, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink, Dutch football player
  • 1974 – George Koumantarakis, Greek-South African national football player
  • 1974 – Gaizka Mendieta, Spanish football player
  • 1975 – Fergie, American R&B singer, actress, and model
  • 1977 – Elias Larry Ayuso, Puerto Rican basketball player
  • 1978 – Marius Bakken, Norwegian athlete
  • 1980 – Harun Can, Turkish voice actor
  • 1984 – Brett Holman, Irish-Australian former football player
  • 1984 – Ross Ulbricht, American founder of Silk Road
  • 1985 – Danny Vukovic, Australian international football player
  • 1986 - Manuel Neuer, German football player
  • 1987 – Polina Gagarina, Russian singer, songwriter, actress and model
  • 1988 - Mauro Goicoechea, Uruguayan football player
  • 1988 Jessie J, English singer
  • 1988 – Brenda Song, American television and film actress
  • 1988 – Atsuto Uchida, former Japanese international football player
  • 1990 – Erdin Demir is a Turkish-Swedish football player.
  • 1990 – Nicolas N'Koulou, Cameroonian national football player
  • 1990 – Kimbra is a New Zealand singer.
  • 1993 – Matt Hobden, English cricketer (d. 2016)
  • 1997 – Eda Tuğsuz, Turkish athlete
  • 1997 – Lalisa Manoban, Thai k-pop idol

Deaths

  • 1184 – Giorgi III, Georgian king
  • 1378 – XI. Gregory was pope of the Roman Catholic Church from December 30, 1370 until his death (b. 1329)
  • 1462 – II. Vasili, grand prince of Moscow, who reigned from 1425 to 1462 (b. 1415)
  • 1564 – Lütfi Pasha, Ottoman statesman (b. 1488)
  • 1625 – James I, King of Scotland, England and Ireland (b. 1566)
  • 1770 – Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Italian painter (b. 1696)
  • 1850 – Wilhelm Beer, German banker, astronomer, businessman (b. 1797)
  • 1898 – Sayyid Ahmed Khan, Indian Muslim pragmatist, Islamic reformist, thinker, and writer (b. 1817)
  • 1906 – Eugène Carrière, French symbolist painter and lithographer (b. 1849)
  • 1923 – Ali Şükrü Bey, Turkish politician (b. 1884)
  • 1923 – James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)
  • 1926 – Georges Vézina, Canadian professional ice hockey goalie (b. 1887)
  • 1945 – Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil, Turkish writer (b. 1866)
  • 1968 – Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1934)
  • 1972 – Maurits Cornelis Escher, Dutch painter (b. 1898)
  • 1976 – Mukagali Makataev, Kazakh poet, writer and translator (b. 1931)
  • 1981 – Mao Dun, Chinese writer (b. 1895)
  • 1986 – İhap Hulusi Görey, Turkish graphic artist (b. 1898)
  • 1991 – Aldo Ray, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Veli Yılmaz, THKO member and Editor-in-Chief of Halkın Kurtuluşu newspaper (b. 1950)
  • 1995 – Seyfi Kurtbek, Turkish soldier and politician (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – David McClelland, American psychologist (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Ferry Porsche, Austrian automaker (b. 1909)
  • 2000 – Ian Dury, English rock and roll singer, songwriter and bandleader, and actor (b. 1942)
  • 2002 – Milton Berle, American comedian and actor (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Dudley Moore, English actor (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Billy Wilder, American director and winner of the Academy Award for Best Director, Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay (b. 1906)
  • 2006 – Stanislaw Lem, Polish writer (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Paul Lauterbur, American scientist (b. 1929)
  • 2010 – Vasily Smislov, Russian chess player (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Adrienne Rich, American poet (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Fay Kanin, Emmy-winning American screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2016 – Alain Decaux, French historian and author (b. 1925)
  • 2016 – Antoine Demoitié, Belgian cyclist (b. 1990)
  • 2017 – Leoncio Afonso, Spanish professor of geography (b. 1916)
  • 2017 – Peter Bastian, Danish musician (b. 1943)
  • 2017 – Chelsea Brown, American-Australian actress and comedian (b. 1947)
  • 2017 – Zaida Catalán, Swedish politician (b. 1980)
  • 2017 – Arun Sarma, Indian writer and novelist (b. 1931)
  • 2018 – Stéphane Audran, French film and television actor (b. 1932)
  • 2019 – Türkan Aziz, First Turkish Cypriot head nurse (b. 1917)
  • 2019 – Friedrich Achleitner, Austrian poet, critic, architect, educator and writer (b. 1930)
  • 2019 – Pierre Bourguignon, French politician (b. 1942)
  • 2019 – Valeri Bikovsky, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1934)
  • 2019 – Jan Dydak is a Polish boxer (b. 1968)
  • 2019 – Yojiro Harada, Japanese tattoo artist, television star, and musician (b. 1972)
  • 2019 – Bruce Yardley, Australian professional cricketer and coach (b. 1947)
  • 2020 – Jacques F. Acar, French medical doctor and microbiologist (b. 1931)
  • 2020 – Daniel Azulay, Brazilian visual artist and comics artist (b. 1947)
  • 2020 – Mirna Doris, Italian singer (b. 1940)
  • 2020 – Jesús Gayoso Rey, Spanish Lieutenant colonel (b. 1971)
  • 2020 – Hamid Karvi, former prime minister of Tunisia (b. 1927)
  • 2020 – Stefan Lippe, German businessman (b. 1955)
  • 2020 – Michael McKinnell, British-American architect (b. 1935)
  • 2020 – Thandika Mkandawire, Malawian economist and public intellectual (b. 1940)
  • 2021 – Zafir Hadžimanov, Macedonian-Serbian singer, composer and actor (b. 1943)
  • 2021 – Petr Kellner, Czech billionaire entrepreneur (b. 1964)
  • 2021 – Odirlei Pessoni, Brazilian bobsleigh player (b. 1982)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Theater Day: Since 1961, it has been celebrated in 48 countries every year on 27 March under the leadership of the national centers of the International Theater Association.
  • World Railways Workers' Day

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