The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is a history and archeology museum located in the Ulus district of Ankara's Altındağ district. The archaeological artifacts of Anatolia are exhibited chronologically in the museum.
The museum is located on the southeast bank of the outer wall of the Ankara Castle, in two Ottoman structures that have been arranged with a new function. One of these structures is Mahmut Pasha Bedesten, built by Veli Mahmud Pasha, and the other is Kurşunlu Han built by Greek Mehmet Pasha.
In the beginning, the museum, where only the works belonging to the Hittite period are exhibited, was enriched with the works belonging to other civilizations and became the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations from being a Hittite Museum. Today, Anatolian archeology, starting from the Paleolithic Age, is exhibited in this museum, which is among the world's leading museums with its unique collections.
He received the European Museum of the Year Award, given by the European Museum Forum, affiliated to the Council of Europe, on 19 April 1997 by being chosen as the first among 68 museums in Lausanne, Switzerland. Winning this award is the first museum in Turkey.
The map in the museum, which includes the city plan of Çatalhöyük dating to 6200 BC, is the oldest known map in the world.