High Speed Train (YHT briefly) on high-speed rail line started in Turkey TCDD presented by high-speed train sets operated by TCDD Transport is a fast train service.
The first flight of the Ankara - Eskişehir YHT line, the first YHT line, was made on March 13, 2009 at 09.40 from Ankara Station to Eskişehir Station by a train that included the then President Abdullah Gül and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. This time with Turkey, the country has been using 6-speed train in the world and 8th in Europe. Following the first YHT line, Ankara - Konya YHT line on 23 August 2011 and Ankara - Istanbul YHT and Istanbul - Konya YHT lines (up to Pendik) were put into service on 25 July 2014. On March 12, 2019, within the scope of the Marmaray project, Gebze - Halkalı YHT expeditions pass under the Bosphorus after the completion of the railway line between HalkalıIt started to be built until.
To determine the name of the TCDD high-speed train service, it made a survey for one, and decided on the name of High Speed Train among the names such as "Turkish Star", "Turquoise", "Snowdrop", "High Speed Train", "Steel Wing", "Lightning". explained that it was made.
Turkey's High Speed Rail lines
Ankara - Eskişehir High Speed Train
Ankara - Eskişehir High Speed Train (Ankara - Eskişehir YHT) is a YHT line operated by TCDD Tasimacilik on the 282,429 km (175,5 mi) route between Ankara YHT Station and Eskişehir Station.
YHT line has 4 stations. These are Ankara YHT Station, Eryaman YHT Station, Polatlı YHT Station and Eskişehir Station, respectively. Average travel time is 1 hour 26 minutes between Ankara and Eskişehir and 1 hour 30 minutes between Eskişehir and Ankara. There are 5 mutual trips every day.
Ankara - Konya High Speed Train
Ankara - Konya High Speed Train (Ankara - Konya YHT) is a YHT line operated by TCDD Tasimacilik on the 317,267 km (197,1 mi) route between Ankara YHT Station and Konya Station.
YHT line has 4 stations. These are Ankara YHT Station, Eryaman YHT Station, Polatlı YHT Station and Konya Train Station, respectively. Average travel time is 1 hour 48 minutes between Ankara and Konya, and 1 hour 47 minutes between Konya and Ankara. There are 6 mutual trips every day.
Ankara - Istanbul High Speed Train
Ankara - Istanbul High Speed Train (Ankara - Istanbul YHT), Ankara YHT Station - Halkalı It is a YHT line operated by TCDD Tasimacilik on the 623,894 km (387,7 mi) route between the Train Station.
YHT line has 14 stations. These are Ankara YHT Station, Eryaman YHT Station, Polatlı YHT Station, Eskişehir Station, Bozüyük YHT Station, Bilecik YHT Station, Arifiye, İzmit Station, Gebze, Pendik, Bostancı, Söğütlüçeşme, Bakırköy and Halkalı'is. Average journey time between Ankara - Söğütlüçeşme 4 hours 37 minutes, Ankara - Halkalı 5 hours 27 minutes between Söğütlüçeşme and Ankara 4 hours 40 minutes and Halkalı - Between Ankara, it is 5 hours and 20 minutes. There are 8 mutual trips every day.
Istanbul - Konya High Speed Train
Istanbul - Konya High Speed Train (Istanbul - Konya YHT), Halkalı It is a YHT line operated by TCDD Tasimacilik on the 673,021 km (418,2 mi) route between the Train Station and Konya Station.
YHT line has 12 stations. These are respectively Halkalı, Bakırköy, Söğütlüçeşme, Bostancı, Pendik, Gebze, İzmit Station, Arifiye, Bilecik YHT Station, Bozüyük YHT Station, Eskişehir Station and Konya Station. Average journey time between Söğütlüçeşme and Konya is 4 hours 53 minutes, Halkalı - 5 hours 45 minutes between Konya, 5 hours between Konya - Söğütlüçeşme and Konya - Halkalı between 5 hours and 44 minutes. There are 3 mutual trips every day.
Active YHD lines
- Ankara - Istanbul high speed railway
- Polatli - Konya high speed railway
YHD and YSD lines under construction
- Ankara - Sivas high speed railway
- Bursa - Osmaneli high standard railway
- Polatli - Izmir high standard railway
- Yerköy - Kayseri high standard railway
Ankara - Sivas line
With this project, a double-line, electrical, signal high-speed train railway is being built between Ankara - Kırıkkale - Yozgat - Sivas. The line is planned to open at the end of 2020.
It is planned that the Ankara - Sivas line will be extended to Kars and connected to the Baku - Tbilisi - Kars railway. In this context, the Sivas - Erzincan high standard railway stage, which is 245 km long of the line, has been designed.
Bursa - Osmaneli line
It is a high standard railway line that will be integrated with the Ankara - Istanbul YHD line when completed. Within the scope of the line, a high standard railway is being built between Bursa - Yenişehir - Osmaneli.
The line is built in accordance with the speed of 250 kilometers. However, even high-speed passenger trains are planned to run at a maximum speed of 200 km / h. When the project is completed, it is planned to decrease the distance between Bursa and Bilecik to 35 minutes. As part of the project, a high speed train station will be built in Bursa and Yenişehir and a high speed train station will be built at the airport in Bursa.
Polatli - Izmir line
The line is planned to pass through Ankara, Afyonkarahisar, Uşak, Manisa and İzmir cities respectively. After passing the Polatlı YHT, it will fork in the Kocahacılı neighborhood at the 120th km of the Polatlı - Konya YHD and proceed in the direction of Afyonkarahisar.
When the line is completed, the travel time between Ankara and Izmir is planned to be 3 hours 30 minutes, and Ankara - Afyonkarahisar travel time is 1 hour 30 minutes.
High Speed Train Sets
Currently, there are two types of high-speed train sets, 19 in total, operating in the YHT service:
- 12 HT 65000 high speed train sets produced by CAF
- 7 pieces Siemens Velaro brand HT 80000 high-speed train sets manufactured by Siemens AG.
On April 13, 2018, a contract was signed with Siemens for the purchase of ten Velaro train sets. With this contract, the Turkish Velaro fleet will increase to 17 sets.
In addition, two ETR 500 Y2 type train sets were rented from Italy to be used for testing purposes on the Eskişehir - Ankara line. Operation speed of 300 km / h is set for 14 September 2007 include test drives during the 303 km / h speed record by making Turkey was created.
Features of the Sets
Each set includes front and rear control cabin wagons, economy class and business class passenger cars. Seating arrangements are 3 back-to-back seats in business class (1 on one side and 2 on the other) and 4 back-to-back seats (2 on each side) in economy class. There are 419 business class, 55 economy class, 354 cafeterias and 8 wheelchair sections in the sets with a total capacity of 2 passengers. Also, some HT80000 sets have 4-seat business class wagons.
Automatic sliding doors provide passage between wagons. The luggage can be placed in the upper parts of the seats, special sections in the wagon entrances or under the seats. Premium wagons have Wi-Fi service and power inputs for the laptop. All sets are wheelchair accessible (only private place in economy class). Economy class seats are covered in fabric and have audio connectors and folding tables. There are leather-covered seats in the business class, a visual and audio broadcasting system that can broadcast at least 4 hours on 4 different channels, and all wagons have LCD screens on the ceiling that broadcast road information and advertising. The toilets in the sets are specially designed to meet the needs of disabled passengers. Trains and platforms are designed in such a way that disabled people can travel comfortably. The sets have sound insulation to ensure low noise from the outside during the journey and a pressure balancing system to prevent possible ear disturbances of the passengers.
In terms of safety, they have speed and distance control signal equipment and a design that prevents the wagons from climbing on top of each other in possible accidents. The train has a total of 1 cameras, one of which is outside the train, and there is also an "event recorder" similar to the one in planes. In addition, there is a 'Totman' device that stops the train in case of sudden fainting or sudden deaths and a SICAS computer that instantly detects malfunctions. The system that automatically locks the entrance doors after the train moves, anti-skid system, emergency brake, GPRS module for malfunction and information transfer, obstacle detection system that prevents jamming at the entrance doors and fire detection system are other security systems in the trains.
YHT train and bus connections
TCDD Transportcmarrow organizes connection train and bus services to various provinces with departure and arrival at Konya Train Station and Eskişehir Station, compatible with YHT times. These are as follows:
- Train connection between Eskişehir - Kütahya - Afyonkarahisar
- Bus connection between Eskişehir and Bursa
- Bus and train connection between Konya and Karaman
- Bus connection between Konya - Antalya - Alanya
YHT operates at a maximum speed of 250 km / h on the Ankara - Istanbul YHD line and a maximum of 300 km / h on the Polatlı - Konya YHD line. However, YHT operates with a speed of 160 km / h in some parts of the high-speed railway between Ankara - Istanbul, which are not yet completed, such as Pamukova - Arifiye. In addition, speed restrictions are imposed on approaching the central station, especially in Ankara and Istanbul, and in some urban parts, and travel times increase. At the same time, common rails can be used operationally with Başkentray in Ankara and Marmaray in Istanbul, thus increasing travel time.
Personnel, business and security
YHT service usually includes 1 train engineer (2 on some trains), a train manager (not available on some trips), two train attendants and a cafe attendant. First-class passengers will be offered a meal in their seat if they purchase their ticket while buying it. When accessing trains, passengers must go through a security check as at airports.
Maintenance and repair
The maintenance of the sets is carried out in Etimesgut High Speed Train Main Maintenance Depot, located adjacent to Ankara Eryaman YHT Station. The facility became operational in 2017 and was established on an area of 50 thousand square meters of which 300 thousand square meters are covered. If an out-of-routine situation does not develop, maintenance is performed in 3 or 4 days intervals within the plan.
High speed train accidents
Marşandiz high-speed train accident occurred as a result of the high-speed train departing from Ankara Station in the direction of Konya at 13:2018 on December 06, 30, colliding with the guide locomotive conducting road control at the Marşandiz Train Station in Ankara's Yenimahalle district. 206 people were injured and 47 people died on the train with 9 passengers.