Minister of Transport and Infrastructure Adil Karaismailoğlu announced that the total budget appropriation of the Ministry, General Directorate of Civil Aviation, General Directorate of Highways and Information Technologies and Communication Authority for 2022 is foreseen as approximately 71 billion TL. Karaismailoğlu, drawing attention to the investments made with the Public Private Partnership (PPP) Model in the field of airline, road and seaway, said, “In 2024, the income-expenditure balance will come to a head-to-head point. The income we will generate from 2025 will exceed the payments we will make. Thus, when the transportation sector is evaluated in general, net cash flow will be provided for the projects made with the PPP Model. Therefore, our state will have additional income,” he said.
Noting that 204 scientists were involved in the engineering works of the Kanal Istanbul Project, Karaismailoğlu said, “When the Kanal Istanbul Project is completed, it ensures the safety of life and property of our citizens in and around the Bosphorus, and protects the historical and cultural texture of the Bosphorus; It will alleviate the traffic load of the Bosphorus," he said.
Adil Karaismailoğlu, Minister of Transport and Infrastructure, made a presentation at the Planning and Budget Committee of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey;
“Turkey is at the center of 4 countries with only 1 hours of flight time, 650 billion 38 million people live, 7 trillion dollars Gross National Product and 67 trillion dollars trade volume. With the mission that this strategic position imposes on us, our country; We make it a regional intersection and hub of air, sea, land and railways. In order to achieve this goal, we are urgently taking the strategic steps that we have produced with a common mind. We will continue to be one of the pillars of our country's holistic and sustainable development moves, based on our Transport and Logistics Master Plan, which we prepared in the light of socio-demographic, land-use transportation systems, infrastructure and tourism data, and the 2024th Development Plan covering the 2028-12 period. said.
Stating that the main field of activity as the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure is to ensure the mobility of people, freight and data, Karaismailoğlu noted that the main goal here is to remove the borders in front of mobility and contribute to holistic development, and said that they focus on mobility, logistics and digitalization for this purpose.
WE STRIVE TO CARRY OUR COUNTRY FURTHER WITH OUR PROJECTS
Karaismailoğlu said, “19 years ago, in 2002, the 'new age of transportation and communication', which started in our country with the AK Party government, continues with the renewal and transformation process.
“This transformation points to a new, effective and ambitious process aimed at integrating the world into this geography, shaped by holistic development-oriented mobility, digitalization and logistics dynamics in the fields of transportation and communication. We focus on this ambitious goal and strive to move our country forward with our projects. As before, the transportation and communication sectors will be the most important dynamics in the journey to 2071, with their functions as the main locomotive of development in every field, especially in the economy. Previously, the main determinants in the transportation and communication sectors; We were listing them as 'current needs, expectations and targets driving them'. In the new transformation process, we will include the undisclosed needs more in our plans. We will carry out every work with a visionary perspective, taking into account the dynamics of mobility, digitalization and logistics. We work with the aim of supporting equality in geographical development as well as providing services to our people. Bringing together the decision makers of both local and international public and private sectors in the fields of transportation and communication in Istanbul, where the roadmap of the future of transportation and communication in the world and in Turkey is determined, With the vision of logistics, mobility and digitalization, the transportation and communication technologies of the future provide us with a 'sustainable world'. Our main source of motivation at the 12th Transport and Communication Council, where we talked about how life can open its doors; has been the added value we provide to holistic development. Our Council was of great importance in terms of identifying the critical success factors of our Ministry and re-determining our target development areas and responsibilities.”
WE HEARD THE OPINION LEADERS WHILE DETERMINING THE ROADMAP
While re-determining the roadmap; Explaining that they primarily listened to local and foreign sector representatives and opinion leaders, Minister of Transport Karaismailoğlu stated that they were in favor of a participatory approach while preparing the infrastructure for the steps that Turkey would take to develop its sphere of influence not only within its borders but also in its region, and that they determined this picture with "common wisdom". stressed.
Specific to 5 sectors, namely communication, airline, road, sea and railway; Karaismailoğlu stated that they gathered under the headings of finance management, energy efficiency, environmental and social sustainability, governance, human assets and education, quality and efficiency, safety and security, technology, innovation and digitalization and legislation, and continued his speech as follows:
“How happy are we; These topics, which we can call 'Basic Policy Areas', became concrete after three very productive days in the areas of digitalization, mobility, logistics, which are the focus topics of our Council, and with the 5 targets we set for 470 sectors. We will work to achieve our targets set in our main policy areas in the short, medium and long term. These matters; Creating a sustainable transportation and communication structure with a planned approach, providing alternative financing to investments with PPP models, prioritizing transportation investments with the approach of creating a logistics corridor and strengthening international connections, supporting multi-modal and balanced transportation by increasing rail freight and passenger transportation, Turkey's cybersecurity efforts against international threats. We can list these as ensuring security, expanding fiber communication infrastructure and broadband communication throughout the country, and realizing maritime and port breakthroughs such as Kanal Istanbul, which will develop the economic transportation corridors that are growing and developing in the world and passing through our country.”
WE INVESTED 1 TRILLION 131 BILLION TL OF PROJECTS
Adil Karaismailoğlu, Minister of Transport and Infrastructure, explaining that all the fields of activity of the Ministry constitute the basic pillars of the infrastructure required for the holistic development of Turkey, said: We invested in it. We did not say, 'Wherever the road takes us', we do not say. We are walking in line with our goals with a courageous and determined attitude, drawing the path we will take according to Turkey's future perspectives," he said.
THE SHARE OF RAILWAYS IN INVESTMENTS WILL BE 2023 PERCENT IN 63.4
Karaismailoğlu said, “The highway ranks first with a share of 61 percent in our investment expenditures,” and added, “We increased the share of railways in investments, which was 2013 percent in 33, to 2021 percent in 48. This rate will be 2023% in 63,4. It is extremely important for us that investments can be completed faster and offered to the service of our citizens. For this reason, we are also evaluating alternative financing sources. For this, we have mobilized the dynamism of the private sector. Thus, we started the Public-Private Cooperation project worth 301,7 billion TL in total. 82% of these investments have been completed. With the ongoing Public Private Sector Cooperation projects, an additional 30,3 billion TL investment is brought to our country. kazanWe aim to climb. There are 481 projects in our investment portfolio. The total size of these projects is 743 billion TL. In this, we achieved a cash realization of approximately 415 billion dollars”.
WE HAVE INVESTED A TOTAL OF 19 BILLION TL IN RAILWAYS IN THE LAST 220,7 YEARS
Providing information about railway investments, Minister of Transport and Infrastructure Karaismailoğlu said:
“We have started a new breakthrough in the railways, which have been neglected for more than half a century, so that the opportunities provided by the geographical location of our country, which acts as a bridge between Asia and Europe, can turn into economic and commercial advantages. In order to provide multimodal transportation, our railways were handled with a new understanding. We connect our railways to ports and airports. With our projects, we make railway transportation not only on the east-west line, but also between our north-south coasts contributing to the economy. In the last 19 years, we have invested a total of 220,7 billion TL in railways. We introduced our country to YHT management. We built a thousand 213 kilometers of YHT line. We increased our railway network to 17 kilometers with an increase of 12 percent. 803 percent of our signaled lines to increase efficiency and safety in the railway; On the other hand, we increased our electric lines by 172 percent. Despite the epidemic in 180, there was no decline in domestic freight transport by rail. In addition, we foresee a significant increase in international transportation due to the 'contactless transportation' advantage.”
OUR GOAL TO CARRY LOADS ON OUR RAILWAYS FOR 2021, 36,11 MILLION TONS
Drawing attention to the Middle Corridor route that passes through Turkey and connects the Far East countries, especially China, to the European Continent, Karaismailoğlu said that with the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway Line put into service, the possibility of using the 'Middle Corridor' effectively in the railway freight traffic between China and Europe. He said he was out.
Minister of Transport Karaismailoğlu said, “It went down in history as the first freight train that went from China to Europe via the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Iron Silk Road and reached Europe using Marmaray. The 11 thousand 483 kilometer China-Turkey track is completed in 12 days. In the following years, we are working to shift 5 percent of the annual 30 thousand block train to Europe via China-Russia (Siberia), which is designated as the northern line, to Turkey. We aim to operate 500 blocks of trains per year from the Middle Corridor and BTK route, and to reduce the total 12-day cruise time between China and Turkey to 10 days. Our target of transporting freight in our railways for 2021 is 36,11 million tons,” he said.
WE AIM TO INCREASE THE SHARE OF RAILWAYS IN FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION TO 10 PERCENT
Underlining that they have reached 4 percent of the country's population with YHT transportation in "13 provinces in 44 destinations", Karaismailoğlu said that the total number of journeys has exceeded 58,6 million. Emphasizing that with the railway mobilization started after 2003, they built a total of 213 thousand 2 kilometers of new lines, 115 kilometers of which are YHT, and today they operate on a 12 thousand 803 kilometer railway network, Karaismailoğlu continued his speech as follows:
“We are the ones who embraced the vision of the Republic of 'weaving our homeland with iron nets'. Within the scope of the Transport and Logistics Master Plan studies, we aim to increase the share of railways in freight transportation from 5 percent to 10 percent in the first place. In addition, we are working to reduce transportation costs. The most important component of our railway move is to develop our high-speed train network, where freight and passenger transport can be carried out economically and quickly. In this context, 4 thousand 364 kilometers of the line, which is under construction, consists of 4 thousand 7 kilometers of high-speed trains and 357 kilometers of conventional lines. We prioritize our projects in line with our Transportation and Logistics Master Plan projections and continue our work without interruption. Of these lines, we have achieved 95 percent physical progress in the infrastructure construction works of the Ankara-Sivas YHT line. We started loading tests in Balıseyh-Yerköy-Sivas section. When the project is completed, the rail travel time between Ankara and Sivas will decrease from 12 hours to 2 hours. Another important project is the Ankara-İzmir High Speed Train line. We made 47 percent physical progress in infrastructure works. We will reduce the rail travel time between Ankara and İzmir from 14 hours to 3,5 hours. When finished, we aim to transport approximately 525 million passengers and 13,5 million tons of cargo per year over a distance of 90 kilometers. Halkalı-The Kapikule High Speed Train Project constitutes one of the most important links that form the European connection of the part of the Silk Railway route passing through our country. With the project; Halkalı- The passenger travel time between Kapikule (Edirne) will be increased from 4 hours to 1 hour and 20 minutes; We aim to reduce the load carrying time from 6,5 hours to 2 hours and 20 minutes.”
Expressing that the project consists of three sections, Karaismailoğlu said that the 229-kilometer Halkalı-The first phase of the Kapıkule project, 153 kilometers long ÇerkezköyHe said that they started the construction of the Kapikule section and achieved 48 percent physical progress. “The 67 kilometer Ispartakule-Çerkezköy The tender process continues in the sector; 9 kilometers Halkalı-We have started the construction works in the Ispartakule section," said Minister of Transport, Karaismailoğlu, and noted that they have achieved 82 percent progress in the infrastructure works of the Bursa-Yenişehir-Osmaneli high-speed train line. Underlining that they have started the superstructure construction of the 106-kilometer Bursa-Yenişehir-Osmaneli high-speed train line in connection with the Ankara-Istanbul YHT line, Karaismailoğlu pointed out that when the project is completed, both Ankara-Bursa and Bursa-Istanbul will be approximately 2 hours and 15 minutes. Karaismailoğlu, stating that they are doing the final tests between Konya and Karaman, announced that they will open the line for operation soon.
WE ARE INCREASE THE PASSENGER AND LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY OF OUR RAILWAYS
Karaismailoğlu stated that they achieved 83 percent physical progress in the infrastructure construction works between Karaman and Ulukışla, and made the following assessments:
“With the opening of the line, the distance between Konya and Adana, which is about 6 hours, will decrease to 2 hours and 20 minutes. We will complete the Aksaray-Ulukışla-Yenice High Speed Train Project, with a total length of 192 kilometers, through external financing. Thus, the capacity needed in the north-south axis of our main freight corridor will be provided. Our feverish work continues on our high-speed train line from Mersin to Gaziantep. Our construction work in the project, which has a length of 312 kilometers, proceeds in 6 sections. With our project, which is planned to be completed in 2024, the travel time between Adana and Gaziantep will decrease from 6,5 hours to 2 hours and 15 minutes. Adapazarı-Gebze-YSS Bridge-Istanbul Airport- Halkalı We also place great emphasis on our High Speed Train Project. Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, which has more than one critical economic value for Turkey, will once again integrate the two continents with railway transportation. With our Yerköy-Kayseri High Speed Train Line, we include 1,5 million citizens of Kayseri on the YHT line. Kayseri, one of the important trade centers of Central Anatolia, will get its share from the YHT mobilization. In addition to our high-speed train lines, we continue to work on improvement in our conventional lines as well. In this way, we increase the passenger and cargo carrying capacity of our railways. Our study project studies continue on the routes we have determined by taking into account the railway freight and passenger density. We have completed the survey project works of a total of 3 thousand 957 kilometers.”
4 MILLION PASSENGERS TRANSPORTED BY METROS IN 988 METROPOLITAN CITIES
Expressing that they know how effective logistics activities are in the growth and development of production, Karaismailoğlu said that from the planned 25 logistics centers; He stated that they have commissioned 12 of them. Emphasizing that they have started to reap the fruits of domestic and national railway moves, Karaismailoğlu made the following assessments:
“We will now use the National Electric Train sets produced by TÜRASAŞ on high-speed and high-speed train lines. To date, we have completed a total of 313,7 kilometers of urban rail system lines and put them into the service of our nation. We have contributed 4 billion TL to the Turkish economy with 7 metro projects we have undertaken in 21,75 provinces. 988 million passengers have been transported so far with the metros we have implemented in Istanbul, Ankara, Kocaeli and Antalya. We saved 305 million hours of time and 282 thousand tons of fuel. We have achieved a reduction of 156 thousand tons in carbon emissions. The contribution of urban rail systems to the economy and the environment is at a level that we cannot ignore. We have 6 projects under construction in 10 more provinces. When these projects are completed, we will save 10,8 million hours of time and 146,2 thousand tons of fuel, in addition to contributing TL 136 billion to our economy. Thanks to urban rail systems, traffic congestion in our metropolitan cities will be solved, and there will be a 73 thousand tons reduction in carbon emissions.”
WE MADE APPROXIMATELY 95 PERCENT PHYSICAL PROGRESS ON BEŞİKTAŞ (GAYRETTEPE)- ISTANBUL AIRPORT METRO
Reminding that Marmaray in Istanbul, Başkentray in Ankara, İZBAN in İzmir and KONYARAY in Konya serve the citizens, Minister of Transport and Infrastructure Adil Karaismailoğlu said that the GAZİRAY project in Gaziantep continues. Pointing out that the Ministry has undertaken a significant part of Istanbul's urban rail system, Karaismailoğlu said, “We have put into operation MARMARAY (77 kilometers), Istanbul Levent-Hisarüstü Mini Metro (4,8 kilometers). We continue the construction of 103.3 kilometers. We have made approximately 120 percent physical progress on the 37,5 kilometer Beşiktaş (Gayrettepe)- Kağıthane-Eyüp-Istanbul Airport Subway, which will have the title of "Turkey's fastest metro" at 95 kilometers per hour. On this line, we plan to open the connection between Kağıthane and Airport in the first quarter of 2022, and between Gayrettepe and Kağıthane in the second quarter of 2022. Another line of ours is Küçükçekmece, which is 31,5 kilometers long.Halkalı)-Basaksehir-Arnavutkoy-Istanbul Airport Metro. We have completed 71 percent of our tunnel work. We plan to complete the entire project by the end of 2022. With the Sabiha Gökçen-Pendik Kaynarca Metro at another international airport of Istanbul, we are integrating this place into the metro lines. Kadıköy We will connect the Kartal – Kaynarca Rail System Line to Sabiha Gökçen Airport with this 7,4 kilometer long line. We achieved 87 percent physical realization. We plan to finish this project in the first quarter of 2022," he said.
BAŞAKŞEHİR – PINE AND SAKURA CITY HOSPITAL- KAYAŞEHİR SUBWAY WE AIM TO COMPLETE IN 18 MONTHS
Karaismailoğlu stated that the Bakırköy (IDO)- Bahçelievler- Güngören-Bağcılar Kirazlı Metro, which will directly connect the Kirazlı - Başakşehir Line, which is another project in Istanbul, with Bakırköy İDO, is about 60 percent physical realization, and continued his speech as follows:
“We will put the line into service at the end of 2022. We aim to complete the 6,2 kilometer Başakşehir - Çam and Sakura City Hospital - Kayaşehir Metro, which we started last year by taking over from the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, in a period of 18 months. On the other hand, 2 new metro lines to Istanbul kazanwe are raising. We started to work on Altunizade-Çamlıca-Bosna Boulevard Metro Line and Kazlıçeşme-Sirkeci Rail System and Pedestrian Focused new generation transportation projects. Our Ministry is also taking important steps towards solving Ankara's urban transportation problems. For this, we are expanding the metro lines. With the completed Kızılay – Çayyolu, Batıkent – Sincan and Atatürk Cultural Center – Keçiören metros and Başkentray, we increased Ankara's 23,2 kilometers rail system to 100,3 kilometers. Atatürk Cultural Center-Gar-Kızılay line is 3,3 kilometers. Those who use the Tandoğan – Keçiören Metro will be able to reach Kızılay directly when this project is completed. We will open this line in the second quarter of 85, with a physical realization of approximately 2022%. Kocaeli Gebze Sahil-Darıca OSB metro is 15,4 kilometers long. Between TCDD Station – Gebze OSB in December 2022; We will put into service between Darica Beach and TCDD Station in September 2023. In Kocaeli, we are building a tram line that traverses the city in an east-west direction and connects the City Hospital to the city center. With the project, we anticipate that 39 thousand additional passengers will arrive daily on the existing tram line. We are also investing in urban transportation in Kayseri, one of the most developed provinces of Central Anatolia. Kayseri Anafartalar- YHT Tram Line is 7 kilometers long. Bursa Emek-Şehir Hospital Rail System line is 6 kilometers. With the extension of the existing Emek – Arabayatağı rail system Line, easy and comfortable transportation will be provided to the City Hospital and YHT Station from the city center.”
Noting that İZBAN is one of İzmir's sources of pride, Karaismailoğlu said that an average of 189 thousand passengers daily use İZBAN, and 2010 million passengers have been transported since 757. Saying, “We have made 2022 percent progress in the Gaziray Project, which we plan to complete in 74 and will contribute to the urban public transportation system of Gaziantep, one of the most productive cities in the industry and economy in the Southeast," the 112-kilometer-long GAZİRAY project is completed, with a daily average of 358 thousand people transportation. stressed that the opportunity
Minister of Transport, Karaismailoğlu, said, “We are trying to develop the inner city rail system of Konya. We are making the 17,4-kilometer section between Kayacık and Konya existing station 4-line for the purpose of operating high-speed trains from two lines, and suburban and conventional lines from two lines. We will provide passengers with access to Selçuklu and Konya YHT stations. Another project we have produced for Konya is Necmettin Erbakan University-Meram Municipality Rail System Line. We made the tender. We are waiting for the approval process of the loan agreement. We are developing domestic production infrastructure capacity with TÜRASAŞ. In the Turkish rail system sector, we have achieved a strong synergy by gathering the sector stakeholders under the same roof with the aim of being the locomotive institution in the production of railway vehicles. Thus, we develop products with national design in the rail systems sector, open these products to the world market and bring them to high brand value. With the experience gained from the production of National Train Sets, we started the Train Set Project studies at a speed of 225 km/h. We plan to complete the prototype in 2022 and start mass production in 2023. While continuing the production of diesel, electric locomotives, railway maintenance vehicles, modernization of railway vehicles, train control management system, wagon, diesel engine, we also carry out R&D studies for the development of national railway vehicles.
NUMBER OF SUBSCRIBERS BENEFITTING FROM 4.5G SERVICE EXCEEDED 78,5 MILLION
Underlining that in the planning made until 2035, the need for railway vehicles brought a cost of 17,4 billion Euros, and the need for rail system vehicles of TCDD until 2050, a cost of 15 billion Euros, Karaismailoğlu stated that they carried out their production plans accordingly. Karaismailoğlu stated that they continue their work by aiming to strengthen and expand the information and communication infrastructure in the communication sector, to expand the broadband infrastructure and its use, to develop effective competition and consumer welfare in the sector, to support domestic and national production, and to develop cyber security.
“Thanks to the liberalization of the sector and the investments made, we have achieved a stable growth in the market. The size of the sector increased by 22 percent compared to the previous year and reached approximately 186,3 billion TL. The number of mobile subscribers reached 28 million from 84,6 million. The number of subscribers benefiting from the 4.5G service we offer to citizens has exceeded 78,5 million. We see that the number of broadband subscribers, which was 2003 thousand in 23, has reached 85,7 million today. Fiber line length reached 445,4 thousand kilometers. In line with our National Broadband Strategy, in 2023; We aim to increase the mobile broadband subscriber density to 100 percent, to offer a broadband infrastructure with a speed of at least 100 Megabit/second to all of our population, to increase the fixed broadband subscriber density to 30 percent and to increase the number of fiber subscribers to 10 million. Broadband capacity is the key element of the transition to the information society. For this reason, we have put into effect the National Broadband Strategy and Action Plan with the goal of 'Broadband for Everyone, Everywhere'. We have set our targets as expanding fiber access and broadband infrastructure, increasing capacity and speeds as well as broadband demand.”
WE CAN RESPONSE TO CYBER INCIDENTS 7/24
Reminding that they created the National Cyber Security Organization, Karaismailoğlu explained that they established the National Cyber Incidents Response Center (USOM) and Cyber Incidents Response Teams (SOME). Noting that they can intervene in cyber incidents 7/24, Minister of Transport Karaismailoğlu said:
“On the other hand, we continue to take additional precautions during the Covid-19 pandemic, where digital applications are heavily preferred. We prepared the National Cyber Security Strategy and Action Plan (2020-2023) in cooperation with the public, private sector, non-governmental organizations and universities. We have determined 8 strategic objectives under the headings of protecting critical infrastructures and increasing strength, developing national capacity, organic cybersecurity network, security of new generation technologies, combating cybercrime, development and support of domestic and national technologies, integration of cyber security into national security, and development of international cooperation. We have defined 40 actions for their realization. We established KamuNet, a public private virtual network, in order to make data traffic between public institutions more secure. More than 800 services among public institutions are provided over KamuNet. We continue our investments to expand the mobile communication infrastructure by overcoming the geographical constraints of our country. In this context, we brought 2G service to 575 settlements with universal service projects. In addition, we use our local base station ULAK at a rate of 4,5 percent in these projects. We developed the ULAK 40G base station as a result of the studies carried out entirely with domestic and national resources. Efforts to expand ULAK 4.5G base stations in commercial networks are also continuing. Within the scope of Universal Service Projects, we provide services to our citizens through ULAK 4.5G base stations in a total of 754 fields, 924 of which are 678 of mobile operators.
WE ARE PLANNING TO ENTER THE NATIONAL POSITIONING SYSTEM IN 2023
Expressing that they want to eliminate foreign dependency in electronic communication infrastructure with the End-to-End Domestic and National 5G Communication Network Project, Minister of Transport Karaismailoğlu said that they are trying to develop all products needed in 5G infrastructure, from antenna to core network, with domestic and national means. Expressing that they took the first step in the domestic GPS project, Karaismailoğlu stated that they plan to activate the national positioning system in 2023.
Karaismailoğlu said, “We will ensure safe communication in our sea area with the Mavi Vatan Satellite Communication Project” and used the following expressions:
“With the E-Government Gateway, where we contribute to our citizens benefiting from public service in a more transparent manner, we offer 829 thousand 6 services of 82 institutions to our citizens in electronic environment. The number of people using the e-Government Gateway has exceeded 57 million. Our citizens can now easily access many services with just one click, without going to public buildings. In the first 2021 months of 9, more than 688 billion services were used at the e-Government Gateway, with a monthly average of 6,1 million. A total of 2021 million TL savings were achieved in the first 9 months of 402 with only the residence document query. Çamlıca TV Tower, which is the highest tower in Europe with 369 meters, is a first in the world and serves radios with 100 FM broadcasts from a single point. Thanks to the highly efficient antenna and transmitter systems in Çamlıca Tower, the energy savings to be achieved are also at the maximum level. We have eliminated the visual pollution caused by the antennas on the Camlica hills of Istanbul, a world city and tourism center. We also contribute to the tourism of Istanbul, whose silhouette we contribute. The tower formed the infrastructure for the transition to terrestrial digital broadcasting in our country. We also continue to work on making our transportation system smart. We prepared our National Intelligent Transportation Systems Strategy Document to establish 'Advanced Information Technologies and Human and Environment Oriented Transportation System in Turkey'. We have identified 5 strategic objectives as developing ITS infrastructure, ensuring sustainable smart mobility, ensuring road and driving safety, creating a livable environment and conscious society, and ensuring data sharing and security. With its 180 years of experience, PTT, one of the important legacies of our history, offers its services to our citizens in an economical, fast, safe and high quality manner with its strong staff.”
WE ARE PLANNING TO LAUNCH TÜRKSAT 6A IN 2023
Noting that with the Turkey Card Project, they aim to meet the needs such as transportation, money transfer and shopping with a single card, thanks to the development of the national e-payment card system that can be used in all public transportation vehicles throughout the country, Minister of Transport Karaismailoğlu continued as follows:
“We continue and develop our activities in the field of communication in space as well. Thanks to the investments made, TÜRKSAT has reached a satellite capacity of 118 billion people living in 3 countries in Asia, Europe and Africa. Satellite communication services; It is provided in an uninterrupted and secure manner without being dependent on foreign sources. We continue to develop our satellite communication capacity. We put into service Türksat 8A, which we sent into space on January 2021, 5, on June 28, 2021. We have also completed the production of 5B, we will send it to space at the end of 2021. We also plan to launch the Domestic Communications Satellite TÜRKSAT 6A, one of Turkey's largest R&D projects, into space in 2023.”
WE ARE AT THE TOP 3 OF THE NUMBER OF SHIPMAN
Emphasizing that they are working hard to highlight the maritime identity of Turkey, which is surrounded by seas on three sides, Karaismailoğlu said, “In this way; We ranked 15th in the maritime trade fleet ranking. However, we are targeting the top 10 in the upcoming period. Thanks to the works we have carried out, we are in the top 3 in the ranking of the number of seafarers. We are working to become a more preferred country in shipbuilding. As a requirement of time, our large-scale port projects continue. We will continue the growth we have achieved in Ro-Ro and cabotage transportation. To increase our share in world trade, Turkish bayraklı We keep the standards of our ships at the highest level. Our number of international ports was 2003 in 152. We increased this number to 184. The amount of cargo we handle in these ports has increased from 190 million tons to approximately 497 million tons. We also continue to invest in infrastructure to support our maritime business. In this context, Filyos Port, which will eventually reach a capacity of 25 million tons/year, is one of our important projects. Filyos Port, the exit gate of the Black Sea, will be the export center of the Western Black Sea. We started the construction of another port project, Rize Iyidere Logistics Port. There are 2021 coastal structure projects that we have completed in 5. Coastal fortifications are also among the projects we carry out. Between 2003-2021 August, we arranged 28 kilometers of coastline in 90 provinces.
TURKEY WILL PLAY A MORE EFFECTIVE ROLE IN GLOBAL TRADE WITH KANAL ISTANBUL
Touching on the importance of the Kanal Istanbul Project, Minister of Transport and Infrastructure Adil Karaismailoğlu said:
“In the 1930s, the number of ships passing through the Turkish Straits per year was around 3. Today, in the Bosphorus, where an average of 43 thousand ships pass annually; The increase in ship traffic, the increase in ship sizes and especially the increase in the number of tanker transits carrying dangerous goods such as fuel are putting great pressure and threat on the world heritage Istanbul. There are also serious accident risks for the city ferries and ferries that carry 54 thousand passengers a day at 500 piers. Considering that the annual capacity for the safe passage of ships using the Bosphorus is 25 thousand; It is better understood how the traffic load, which is around 43 thousand today, threatens the navigation, life, property and environmental safety of the Bosphorus. Considering the trade volume in the world and the developments in the countries in the region, it is predicted that the number of ships that will pass through the strait in the 2050s will reach 78 thousand. Channel Istanbul Project, in which 204 scientists took part in engineering studies, when completed, not only ensures the safety of life and property of our citizens in and around the Bosphorus, and protects the historical and cultural texture of the Bosphorus; It will alleviate the traffic load of the Bosphorus. It will reduce waiting times of 2 or more days at the entrances and exits of the Bosphorus. With Kanal Istanbul, our country will get a larger share of international transportation and logistics corridors and play a more active role in global trade.”
Stating that they built the structures that make up the Canal Istanbul Components on the one hand, Karaismailoğlu said, “Although it is a part of the 45-kilometer Başakşehir-Bahçeşehir-Hadımköy section built within the scope of the Northern Marmara Highway, we have started the construction of the Sazlıdere Bridge, which will provide the passage of the Sazlıdere section of Canal Istanbul. . In addition, Kapikule – Halkalı Our High Speed Train Project; We have designed the channel to pass under Istanbul. Halkalı-We started the construction of the Ispartakule section. This strategic move, which emerged in line with the technological and economic developments in the world and in our country, changing economic trends and the increasing needs of our country in terms of transportation infrastructures; It will make our country a global logistics base and have a say both in its region and in the world trade and transportation routes.”
In addition to all these, the Minister of Transport, Karaismailoğlu, who explained that the efforts to make Mogan Lake breathe continue, said that they cleaned the mud layer at the bottom that polluted the lake from the inside in order to eliminate the environmental problems in Mogan Lake. Underlining that the number of arrests of ships sailing in international waters continues to decrease in order to improve Turkey's trade volume, Karaismailoğlu said, “Our country, which is on the White List, has risen 39 steps among 9 countries and has ranked 16th. The Scrapped Turk bayraklı We encourage the construction of new ships to replace our ships and renew our coaster fleet. We give 'Scrap Incentive' for our ships over 20 years old. We also use e-Government in maritime transactions. We facilitate access to government services for citizens and those working in the maritime sector, eliminating the dependence on time and space. In our shipyards, we build safe and environmentally friendly ships that are compatible with technological developments. We are expanding the radar coverage of the Ship Traffic Services System installed in the Istanbul and Çanakkale Straits to cover the Sea of Marmara. Considering the developments in the Eastern Mediterranean and regional sensitivities, we are expanding the field of ship monitoring and management with the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. We renewed our Main Search and Rescue and Coordination Center. We have put the Main Search and Rescue and Coordination Center, which also serves as the National Emergency Response Center, into the service of our sailors with its new face equipped with advanced technological systems.
Noting that being prepared is as important as intervening in the prevention of oil pollution in the seas, Karaismailoğlu said, “We aimed to develop our national emergency response system within the scope of the Tekirdağ National Maritime Safety and Emergency Response Center (UDEM) project, which we carry out as the Ministry. One of the measures we take to keep our seas clean is the 'Supporting Green Maritime and Decarbonization Project'. With the project, we aim to create a financial support mechanism for environmentally friendly and innovative technologies in our ships and ports. We are making bilateral agreements with the countries that stand out in this field as part of the development of our maritime sector.”
DEVELOPMENTS IN AVIATION REFLECTED ON INDICATORS
Karaismailoğlu said, “We have carried out effective studies within the framework of our aviation policy since 2002 in order to evaluate this advantage in our country, which has the potential to become the Transit Center of the World,” and made the following assessments:
“Thanks to our investments in aviation and regulations in this area, Turkey has shown a growth performance above the world average. The developments in aviation, of course, were also reflected in the indicators. In the ranking of our country, world and European passenger traffic; It was ranked 2020th in the world in 7. It ranked 2020nd among European countries in 2. Our domestic flights, which were carried out to 2003 destinations from 2 centers in 26, are now carried out from 7 centers to 56 destinations. Thanks to Turkish Civil Aviation, we are one of the countries with the 'largest flight network in the world'. While we were flying to 2003 destinations from 50 countries in 60, we have reached 128 destinations in 335 countries today. With the Emission Data Management System Project, the Monitoring-Reporting-Verification process of all emissions originating from airlines according to international standards will be done via online software. We started a new era in Turkish Civil Aviation, which has made a global impact, with Istanbul Airport. Our barrier-free and green airport came into service in our favorite city, Istanbul, as one of the 'world's largest'. We continue to invest in many airports that will add momentum to the trade of the region and revive the tourism of the region. Our work on Rize-Artvin Airport, which we aim to open before the end of this year and will activate the region, continues. We are rapidly continuing the infrastructure works of our Yozgat Airport and Bayburt Gümüşhane Airport projects. We are implementing Çukurova Airport with the Build-Operate-Transfer model, and its construction continues rapidly. We will put it into service before the end of 2022. We are opening Tokat Airport with an annual capacity of 2 million passengers at the beginning of 2022. Gaziantep Airport New Terminal Building and Apron Construction work continues. We will put the 73 thousand square meter airport into service at the end of 6, with an annual capacity of 2021 million passengers. A new terminal building in Kayseri and Malatya kazanwe are raising. The requirements in the Airport Pandemic Measures and Certification Circular and the Airport Covid-19 Standards Guide included in its annex have been fulfilled at all operated airports. And in this context, we have certified our airports in question.”
Noting that they have created passenger and air traffic forecasts for the next 1 year, taking into account the impact of the coronavirus epidemic on airline passenger traffic, Minister of Transport Karaismailoğlu said, “When we examine the number of daily flights made in October during the epidemic process, thanks to the measures taken; We see that Turkish Airlines ranks first with 591 flights, and Turkey ranks fourth with 310 flights. In 4, Istanbul Airport ranked first in the European passenger traffic rankings. Even this reveals what a visionary investment Istanbul Airport is.”
WE OVERCOME THE DIFFICULT GEOGRAPHICAL CONDITIONS OF OUR COUNTRY WITH TUNNELS, BRIDGES AND VIADUCES
Minister Karaismailoğlu, who mentioned that investments and activities are carried out within the framework of the policies determined for the highway, and that the projects are completed quickly, said, “We have made our roads safer and more comfortable. We overcome the difficult geographical conditions of our country with tunnels, bridges and viaducts. We increased our divided road length from 2003 kilometers in 6 to over 101 kilometers. Like this; By increasing traffic safety, we reduced the death rate in accidents, saved vehicle operating costs, increased travel comfort and shortened its duration. We increased the average speed from 28.400 kilometers to 40 kilometers. While the number of vehicles increased by 88% and vehicle mobility by 2003% between 2020 and 170, we reduced the loss of life per 142 million vehicle-km by 100%, thanks to our infrastructure development efforts. The investments made ensure the fluency of this traffic and thus the sustainability of the commercial and social life of the country.”
OUR GOAL IS TO INCREASE OUR TOTAL HIGHWAY LENGTH TO 8 KILOMETER
Adil Karaismailoğlu, Minister of Transport and Infrastructure, stated that the concrete positive outputs of the works were also seen, and continued his speech as follows:
“Of course, we see the tangible positive outcomes of our work. In the face of the increase in traffic volume, our savings are also increasing. E.g; Thanks to 28 kilometers of divided roads, we saved 402 billion TL annually. About 20,7 million tons less CO4,44 was emitted. We saved approximately 2 million hours, in other words 315 billion 12 million TL, rather than workforce. We increased the total road tunnel length, which was 965 kilometers before 2003, to 50 kilometers by increasing 1164 percent. During 617, we built 2021 tunnels with a length of 42 kilometers. We increased the length of the highway to 17 kilometers. We are still working on the 3 kilometers highway. Our goal is to increase our total highway length to 532 kilometers.”
TRAFFIC IN ISTANBUL WOULD BE COMPLETELY LOCKED IF IT WAS NOT FOR MARMARAY, YAVUZ SULTAN SELIM BRIDGE AND EURASIA TUNNEL
“We are completing the Marmara Highway Ring for a transportation infrastructure suitable for this volume in the Marmara Region, where the largest part of our country's industry and trade takes place. Eurasia Tunnel Project, where we connect the continents under the sea; As you know, it is the second passage to the Bosphorus under the sea after Marmaray. We reduced the travel time between Tünel and Kazlıçeşme-Göztepe from 100 minutes to 15 minutes. Since its opening, the number of transits made through the Eurasia Tunnel has exceeded 75 million. In addition to the fuel and time savings it provides, the project also stands out with its environmentally friendly identity. The total benefit provided by the Eurasia Tunnel between 2017 and 2020 has reached 8 billion TL,” said Minister Karaismailoğlu, adding, “We have moved the transit and freight traffic away from the city center of Istanbul with the 400-kilometer-long Northern Marmara Highway, which is an important part of the highway ring created in the Marmara Region. Without Marmaray, Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge and Eurasia Tunnel; What would Istanbul traffic be like? It would be completely locked, it would become immovable,” he said.
1915 ÇANAKKALE BRIDGE WILL BE 'WORLD'S LARGEST MEDIUM SPEED SUSPENDED BRIDGE'
Noting that the entire Gebze-Orhangazi-İzmir Highway, one of the most important projects, which is 426 kilometers long and includes the Osmangazi Bridge, was put into service on August 4, 2019, Minister of Transport, Karaismailoğlu, said, “With the completion of the project, the distance between Istanbul and Izmir has been shortened by 100 kilometers and transportation has been reduced to 8,5, It went from 3,5 hours to 40 hours. If the Istanbul-Izmir Highway had not been realized; As the state road route filled its capacity, travel speed would decrease below 8,5 km/h and travel time would increase from 12 hours to 330 hours. We created an uninterrupted highway network from Edirne to Urfa by putting the entire Ankara-Niğde highway, which is 1915 kilometers long in total, into service. The length of the highway, on which the 101 Çanakkale Bridge is also located, is 1915 kilometers, including the connection roads of the Malkara-Çanakkale Section. Part of the highway, the 100 Çanakkale Bridge will be 'the world's largest suspension bridge with a medium span'. It has a middle span of 2023 m, referring to the 2th anniversary of our Republic. With this highway, it will be possible to get between Istanbul and Çanakkale in 20 hours and 6 minutes. The Dardanelles Strait can be crossed in 163 minutes. We are implementing the 45-kilometer Aydın-Denizli Highway Project. One of the important sections of the Northern Marmara Highway is the 26 kilometer Hadımköy -Ispartakule - Başakşehir Section. We laid the foundation on June 2021, 1.617. The project also includes the Sazlıdere Canal Crossing Bridge with a total length of XNUMX m. In addition to the highway, divided road BSK and other works we have done, an important issue is physical and geometric improvements”.
SHORTLY, WE WILL START WATCHING AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES ON THE ROADS
Noting that they prioritized work in the light of the Intelligent Transportation Systems Strategy Document, Karaismailoğlu also mentioned that they, as the Ministry, play an important role in disaster-fighting efforts. Pointing out that the fight against snow and ice is among the works they carry out for road safety and uninterrupted transportation, Minister Adil Karaismailoğlu said, “We will soon start to navigate autonomous vehicles on the roads. We shape our transportation planning according to emerging and technological developments. With the U-ETDS system, passenger and goods transportation is also under close follow-up. This is one of our practices that sets an example for sectoral digitalization. Micro mobility solutions; It serves to provide easier access to public transport lines. It reduces dependence on motor vehicles. It enables us to use the areas in the city more efficiently and reduces carbon emissions. We have prepared a detailed roadmap with the 'Accessibility of Passenger Transport Services Project'. As a result of the studies, we determined the basic strategic actions and created the pilot projects. We realized these together with the high participation of service beneficiaries and service providers.”
DEATH ACCIDENTS DECREASED WITH SAFE TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE
2003 billion dollars of investments made between 2020-169,2; Adil Karaismailoğlu, Minister of Transport and Infrastructure, who also shared the analysis of the economic effects in the investment and activity period and the savings effects in the activity period, continued his speech as follows:
“Between 2003-2020, these investments have a total of 409,7 billion dollars in Gross Domestic Product; It also had an impact of 869 billion dollars on production. The impact of these investments on total employment amounted to an annual average of 705 thousand people. Thanks to our investments, we have saved 2020 billion dollars in 13,4 as a result of the efficient use of both human and material resources of our country. We saved 12 lives thanks to safe transportation infrastructures and the reduction of fatal accidents. By switching to eco-friendly modes of transportation with shortened roads, urban rail system lines and High Speed Train, we saved $353 million in CO10,3 emissions and saved 2 million dollars in paper by moving public services to a paperless environment. In addition, I would like to remind you that our citizens' ability to complete their transactions without going to public institutions by using e-government saves 20 billion dollars in time, and this is reflected in the Public Workforce Efficiency as an increase.”
TURKEY IS THE 3TH COUNTRY THAT PROVIDES THE BEST PERFORMANCE IN EUROPE, USING THE HYBRID VILLAGE MODEL EFFECTIVELY
Minister Karaismailoğlu, stating that transportation and infrastructure investments form the basis of a rapidly developing and growing economy like Turkey, said, “The key concept for these fields, which serve as the backbone in every field from industry to trade, from transportation to employment, from regional development to participation in social life and economy, is 'integration'. Our determination in our main goal of protecting our 'national independence' based on the 'national economy' also directs us to increase and strengthen the infrastructure investments, which are the trigger of development, in an integrated manner. That's why we evaluate alternative financing models that are used all over the world. One of these methods is Public Private Partnership (PPP). Globally, the need for infrastructure investment will reach a total of $2040 trillion by 94. For this reason, there has been a serious trend towards the Public-Private Sector Cooperation method in the last 30 years. Today, the PPP model is preferred in different sectors in 134 countries. PPP projects in transportation projects, especially airports, are attracting great attention. In the last 20 years, we have completed airports, ports and 37,5 kilometers of highway infrastructure with an investment of 1250 billion dollars. Turkey is the 3rd country with the best performance in Europe after England, which is the pioneer of the re-development of the PPP model, and France, which uses the hybrid PPP model very effectively with European Union funds. When the investments made with the PPP Model in the field of airline, road and seaway are examined, the income-expenditure balance will come to a head-to-head point in 2024. The income we will generate from 2025 will exceed the payments we will make. Thus, when the transportation sector is evaluated in general, net cash flow will be provided for the projects made with the PPP Model. Therefore, our state will have additional income,” he said.
WE SAVE EQUIVALENT CARBON EMISSIONS TO A TOTAL OF 780 TREES ANNUALLY
“The construction method of the projects is evaluated with the common mind of our public institutions and is handled within the framework of the economic conditions of the relevant period and the strategic importance of the projects. Therefore, within the framework of the prepared feasibility and return on expenditure analysis reports, the PPP method or the traditional tender method, whichever is deemed beneficial in the project, is chosen,” Minister Adil Karaismailoğlu said, “With all our PPP investments we have made so far; Significant contributions were made to our country's economy, with an impact of over 26 billion Euros on gross domestic product, 58 billion Euros on production and over 1 million people in employment. On the other hand, creating environmental benefits has been one of our primary goals until today. With the investments we made for this purpose, the annual total; We achieved carbon emission savings of 975 million tons, paper savings of 20 million dollars, and carbon emissions equivalent to a total of 780 trees. With our transportation investments, our total savings in 2020 reached 13,4 billion dollars. We were proud of every project we opened, but we were never satisfied with it. We planned 10 years ahead. We have always worked to offer better and more beneficial to our people. These figures, which I have shared with you, are proof of the benefit we provide. Within the framework of the National Green Deal Action plan for the Green Deal, which aims to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050, we aim to develop sustainable and smart transportation, green maritime and green port practices and rail transport. In this way, we will reduce fuel consumption and emissions and expand the use of micro-mobility vehicles.
WE WILL CONTINUE OUR WORK TO REACH THE GOAL OF A STRONG, GREAT TURKEY
Underlining that they will implement important studies on the concepts of decarbonization, autonomous transportation and universal access in the coming period, Minister of Transport and Infrastructure Adil Karaismailoğlu said, “To achieve the goal of 'Strong, Great Turkey' under the leadership of our President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, to name our country in the 10 largest economies of the world. to print between We will continue our studies in the short (2023), medium (2035) and long (2053) term within the framework of our master plans in our highway, railway, seaway, airline and communication sectors.
Talking about the size of the budget, Minister Karaismailoğlu said, "The total budget appropriation of our Ministry, SHGM, KGM and BTK for 2021 is foreseen as approximately 71 billion TL."