Storie continues with the Alfa Romeo Web Series 156 Model

Storie Alfa Romeo Web Series Continues with 156 Model
Storie Alfa Romeo Web Series Continues with 156 Model
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Stories that are built on the 110-year history of Alfa Romeo and that left their mark in the automotive world are revealed. Storie Alfa Romeo The web series continues its journey into the past.

Sherry; continues with the “156”, which blends the characteristic features of Alfa Romeo DNA such as power, light structure and controlled driving. One of the most successful models of the brand, 1997, which attracted one million people to the dealers during the launch process and with sales of over 2005 units between 680 and 156, was selected as the "Car of the Year" in 1998. Carrying its success to the tracks, 156, 10 championships in the Gran Turismo championship in 13 years kazanwas. DNA of 156 with common rail technology; It was built on the Alfasud, 145 and 146 models of the brand and took its place among the unforgettable.

Among Alfa Romeo models, both sales figures and kazan156 have a special place among those who are at the forefront with their awards and sporting achievements. Behind the success of the 1997, which is one of the best front-wheel drive cars ever produced, with sales of over 2005 units until 680 after it was put on the market in 156, undoubtedly lies the long-standing experience of the brand and the technical developments that add to each other.

Alfa Romeo and front-wheel drive cars

Although the first cars produced in the world were rear-wheel drive, the idea of ​​producing a front-wheel drive car always impressed designers. This situation prompted Alfa Romeo engineers at the end of the second world war. Satta Puliga and Busso launched a front-wheel drive development program for the brand's 1900 model. In the early 1950s, studies were started on front-wheel drive and, accordingly, various powertrains. However, these studies could not reach the industrialization stage. Afterwards, Alfa Romeo decided to expand its product range with a model positioned below the Giulietta in order to increase its sales. In this context, acceleration in brand sales kazanIt was aimed to produce a fast car that would drive. New project; Rudolf Hruska, who was also the 'father' of various Giulietta versions, was entrusted with the design responsibility of the factory where it would be produced in addition to the new car. As a result, Alfa Romeo's first front-wheel drive model, the Alfasud, was born, for which a factory was designed and built for a model. While evaluating Rudolf Hruska Alfasud; “First of all, it had to be front-wheel drive. "It should have been a five-seater car in the compact class, luxury, premium and spacious trunk."

Engine suitable for aerodynamic design

In Alfasud's 1.2-liter engine, a "boxer" type engine with opposed horizontal cylinders was preferred. Compared to the inline 4 cylinder, this was a lower build and more suited for an aerodynamic design. The unique "two-volume" body was created to improve luggage space and accessibility. In the applied architecture, the fuel tank is integrated under the rear seat instead of between the rear seat backrest and the trunk. Thus, an extremely large luggage with 400 liters was put into use. As this innovative application is more useful and safer, it became widespread in a short time and started to be used by other brands. Alfasud's first important order was taken by designer Giorgetto Giugiaro and was a huge commercial success. To make the most of the relationship between space and size, the young designer implemented the "high rear" design and connected the aerodynamic front to the rear with a flowing design line. Alfa Romeo reached its highest production volume since its establishment, with over 1972 million units in 1, when Alfasud entered production. Alfasud was produced between 1972 and 1984 per drive, with 900 thousand 925 units and went down in history as the best selling Alfa Romeo of all time.

Rational production processes

In 1986, Alfa Romeo was sold to Fiat Group from the state-owned IRI company that owned the brand from 1933 until this date. As with all industrial integration processes, the early years were devoted to making production and supply chains more rational. 1980's; In line with the "synergy" which is the password of all automobile manufacturers, it was the years when the production process and products became more and more standardized. While the use of many common parts became widespread due to costs, designers also had to adhere to strict restrictions that hinder creativity. In the following years, these rules were relaxed, as customers disliked exaggerated patterns and started looking for more original cars. The personality of the brands is back, and this milestone changed the history of turn-of-the-century car design.

High performance, sporty driving and new styles ...

After these processes, Alfa Romeo accelerated its return to its roots, and took action to revive the glorious racing team Alfa Corse, where the young Enzo Ferrari took its first steps. The 155 GTA model joined DTM in 1993, which was a show of strength for brands. The pilot Nicola Larini, who finished first in 20 out of 11 races, took Alfa Romeo to the top of the podium again, the first of which was the Nürburgring. The 164 model, designed by Pininfarina, hit the road in 1987 as the brand's first front-wheel drive flagship. Since then, the role of the Centro Stile Alfa Romeo, which is part of the company, has become more and more important. Then, while the technology and processes used in Arese changed, new computer-aided systems were put into use to create design and prototypes. Working in integration with the platform design, the Centro Stile team was also involved in technological choices. The philosophy of always acting together of form and essence was once again revealed as a requirement of Alfa Romeo's understanding of beauty.

New product line designed

Centro Stile not only brought the design of a model to life, but also brought a whole series to life. Alfa Romeo entered the “C” segment in 1995 with its original two-volume architecture and 145 model. The two-and-a-half-volume version 146 followed the following year. Later, with the cooperation of Pininfarina, GTV and Spider sports models hit the road. The real turning point occurred with the 156 model. The front part of the 156, which is the perfect blend of power, innovation and sophistication, had a very striking design. When viewed from the front, the fenders, which are level with the body, offered a strong and fit appearance to the road. The relationship between glass and metal surfaces attracted attention, as it resembled a coupe rather than a sedan. While the rear door handles are hidden upwards in the glass lath, the smooth surfaces that stand out from the side bring a stylish but dynamic appearance. The car designed by Walter De'Silva; "It feels like it is still moving even when it is standing still," he made comments.

Also 156; It also resurrected the characteristic features of Carabo and Montreal models. Again, Alfa Romeo designers were inspired by the color of the 1938 model 8C 2900 B, inspired by the collection in the brand's museum. In this context, "Nuvola" blue with iridescent shine was developed with a layered coating.

Enhanced sportiness concept

The concept of "advanced sportiness", which embodies power, lightness and control, was prioritized for the Alfa Romeo 156, which is technically exciting as well as its design. Innovative materials such as magnesium or specially processed steel were used for this formula that expresses the driving character of the brand. Highly advanced suspension systems were used, and fine adjustments were made to the mechanical system to improve handling performance and straight-ahead stability. Attracts everyone with its design and driving features. kazanIn addition to being the most exciting sedan car of its time, the Alfa Romeo 156 also made a name for itself with its achievements in motorsports. The model has won 10 titles in the Gran Turismo championship in 13 years. kazanwas.

The birth of common rail

When the 156 model was offered for sale, it had six different engine options. For the first time, the Busso V6 engine was accompanied by three different “Twin Spark” engines that use dual ignition and four valve per cylinder technology together. In addition, Alfa Romeo started a revolution with an innovative approach and the 156 model became the first car in the world to hit the road with the "common rail" injection system. This technology enabled diesel engines to deliver performance, silence and comfort at the gasoline level for the first time. At an event held in Lisbon, Portugal, the 1.9 and 2.4 JTD versions of the car were tested by journalists and received great acclaim.

Car of the Year Award

156, but also the hearts of the public and critics kazanbrought the international "Car of the Year" award to Alfa Romeo. A few years later, its younger brother 147, which hit the road with the same platform, suspension and engines, apart from the same design language, received the same award in 2001. kazanwas.

 

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