Japan has developed SHINKANSEN high-speed trains: Japan's journey through railways dates back to 1872. Japan, which requested the technical assistance of the UK for the railroads that were started on this date, was using a narrow track range of 1,067 mm width. In the 1940 years, the intensity of the Tokyo-Shimonoseki lines brought the connection of this line to a fast train line. This line would also use the standard rail pitch 1,435 mm. In the name of this high-speed train project, it was called Tren Shinkansen High-Speed Train gelen which means en Bullet Train gelen Project.
This project, which was delayed due to the Second World War, was re-launched in 1959 as ve Tokaidao Shinkansen bu between Tokyo and Osaka at an hourly rate of 3 and at a speed of 200 km / h. Japan believed that this plan was realistic and achievable. Because the country's vehicle traction technologies, its successful applications in electrification and the information it received from aircraft technologies would help to build such a high-speed train and line.
5 1 1964 10 1964 210 4 Considering that the Tokyo Olympics were held in 1965 in October 3, it is known that this history is meaningful for the country. When the line is first opened, the journey completed at 10 hour at XNUMX km / h, while the XNUMX clock in XNUMX descends to XNUMX minutes,
1986 3 hours, the current speed of the train to 270 km / hour by removing the journey time was reduced to 2,5 hours.
After the success of Tokaido Shinkansen, the construction of Sanyo Shinkansen, which includes the Shin-Osaka-Okayama line in 1967, started to be built and opened in 1972. A traffic control system called COMTRAC (Computer Aided Traffic Control) was used. The Okayama-Hakata line in the same area was opened in 1975 and connected between Tokyo and Hakata at the 7 hour.
In the following years, Japan continued its high-speed train projects; In 1982, he made two more lines, Tohoku Shinkansen and Joetsu Shinkansen. To reduce the noise and vibration of Shinkansen trains under construction of Tohoku Shinkansen
R & D studies have led to significant scientific results. On the other hand, Joetsu Shinkansen's activity area is one of Japan's most heavily snowy areas.
In Japan, where trains were always used in the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen lines, the 0 Series trains, a modified version of the 0 Series trains, were introduced in the snowy regions of Tohoku and Joetsu mentioned above. The 200 Series trains, which were the more comfortable version of the 1986 Series trains, were introduced to the 200 year in the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen lines. The 100 Series trains are the most comfortable trains ever built and feature the first double-decker wagon used in the world's fastest trains.
Japan State Railways (JNR) has been privatized by transferring to three companies in 1987. The operation of the three existing lines was transferred to the Tokaido Shinkansen line JR Central, the Sanyo Shinkansen line to JR West, and tohoku and Joetsu Shinkansen to JR East;
After the privatization, the first plan in the agenda of the buyer firms was to increase the speed of the Shinkansen. JR Central was the first company to adapt the technological developments in Europe and Japan as a pioneer. In 1992, the 300 series of trains took the company to financial advantage and completed the Tokyo-Shin-Osaka line at 270 at 2.5. This new train was called ”Nozomi Bu.
There were also developments in the other two companies that entered the competition. In 1991, JR East reached 21 km / h with the STAR 425 train, and the following year, JR West reached the 350 km / h speed record with the train named WIN 350. However, JR Central 300 1996 443 2 in the year of the vehicle has reached the speed. The speed tests of these vehicles provided a technological basis for later developed train sets. Thus, JR East; E500 Series sets, JR West; 700 and 700 Series sets and JR Central developed NXNUMX Series trains.
The privatization of Japan State Railways in 1987 accelerated the technological developments mentioned above. kazanIn addition to this, it has also been instrumental in the transition to standard track gauges to be used on two new lines opened in 1992 and 1997.
In 1997, the Morioka-Hachinohe line, the extension of Tohoku Shinkansen, was launched in 2003, following Nagano Shinkansen, which was opened to carry passengers to the Nagano Winter Olympics. In 2003, a record was broken by reaching the 2 km / h speed in the Tohoku line with the E362 Series set.
In summary, the Japanese Shinkansen system 70 is a fast train passenger transportation system that has been continuing for more than a year and is constantly updated and developed in the light of new technologies. What Japan has achieved through this technology has also enabled many innovations in the railway sector as a touchstone.
In our country, the first high-speed train project 2009 in Ankara-Eskişehir line began with the production of Spanish CAF high-speed trains.
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