Hagia Sophia was built exactly the same time in the same place. These works are as follows:
First churchIt was built by Emperor Konstantios (337-361) in 360. The first building, covered with a wooden roof and developed to its length (basilical), was destroyed as a result of the popular uprising in 395 after the patriarch was sent into exile, due to the disputes between Empress Eudoksia, the wife of Emperor Arkadios (408-404) and the Patriarch of Istanbul, Ioannes Chrysostomos.
Second Church, Emperor II. It was rebuilt by Theodosios (408-450) in 415. It is known that this building has a basilica plan with a five-nave, wooden roof and a monumental entrance.
In the 527th reign of the Emperor Justinianos (565-5), the church was the result of the unification of the blue representing the aristocratic sector and the green representing the tradesman and merchant group against the Empire, and it was referred to as the "Nika Rebellion" in the history. It was destroyed in.
In the excavations carried out in 1935 under the direction of AM Scheinder of the German Institute of German Archeology, II. Steps belonging to the Propylon (monumental entrance gate), column bases and lamb reliefs representing the Twelve Apostles and frieze fragments were found. In addition, other architectural pieces belonging to the monumental entrance can be seen in the garden in the western part.
Today's Hagia Sophia It was built by Emperor Justinianos to Isidoros of Miletus (Miletus) and Anthemios of Tralles (Aydin), two important architects of the period. According to the historian Prokopios, the building, which started on February 23, 532, was completed in as little as 5 years and the church was opened to worship on December 27, 537. In the sources, after the opening day of Hagia Sophia, Emperor Justinianos entered the temple and said, "Thank God for giving me the opportunity to make such a place of worship," Hz. By referring to the Temple of Solomon, it is the cry that “O Solomon passed you”.