📩 22/09/2023 12:59
Liv Hospital Dermatology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Anıl Gülsel Bahalı explained the ways to get rid of sunspots. Pointing out that stains may grow over time, Assoc. Dr. Anıl Gülsel Bahalı said, “Summer is over, now it is time to renew our skin, which is tanned and damaged by the sun and has sun spots, and to do winter care for your skin. Skin spots, which are generally brown or dark brown in color, can be irregular in shape and in various sizes, but can also appear in regular or growing shapes over time. she said.
It is most common on the face and hands
Assoc. Dr. Anıl Gülsel Bahalı said that the causes of sunspots vary from person to person. Bahalı said:
“Although skin color varies depending on the phenotypic and genetic characteristics of individuals, it mainly varies depending on the production rate of melanin, which is produced by melanocytes (cells that give color to the skin) as a protection against sunlight. Sunspots are brown spots that occur when melanin pigment accumulates more than normal in a certain area, which can be seen especially in sun-exposed areas such as the face and hands, when exposed to sunlight for a long time and repeatedly. Although the cause of sunspots may vary from person to person, the most common cause is intense exposure to sunlight. Apart from this, factors such as genetic predisposition, pregnancy, cosmetic procedures and medications may also cause blemish formation.
In women, it is usually on the forehead, cheeks and upper lip.
The most common sunspot is melasma. It is usually seen symmetrically in the middle part of the face (forehead, cheeks, upper lip) and chin in women. They may appear as dark brown or gray spots. Solar lentigines are benign brown sunspots that are not raised on the skin and can be round, oval or have irregular shapes and edges, often appearing on the back of the hands, back and face. ”
Assoc. Dr. Anıl Gülsel Bahalı listed the treatment methods as follows:
What is the treatment?
“Protect yourself from the sun: Sun protection is the first step of treatment. It is recommended to use sunscreen products and wear protective clothing such as wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses. It is necessary to stay away from chemicals, drugs and inappropriate cosmetic procedures that are thought to increase the stain by interacting with the sun.
The treatment plan should be created by taking into account factors such as the structural characteristics of the person, the location of the spot, its prevalence and its depth under the skin. Among the topical chemical peelers frequently used for treatment purposes: There are products containing hydroquinone, tretinoin, azeleic acid and kojic acid. There are also procedures such as laser, chemical peeling and spot mesotherapy.
Chemical peeling: The aim is to peel off the upper layer of the skin. Products such as alpha hydroxy acids, phenol, TCA, resorcinol, beta hydroxy acids, kojic acid, salicylic acid are used for peeling purposes.
Recreation: In laser treatment, Intense pulsed light (IPL), Pulsed dye laser (510 nm), Q-switched ND: YAG laser (1064 nm) and Fractional lasers can be used.
Cryotherapy: Treatment with cryotherapy is another option for solar lentigines.
Especially people with dark skin should be very careful. Because the increase in stains or the reappearance of stains in a short time is an important problem. Although there are different treatment methods, spot treatment must be applied by a dermatologist who is an expert in this field, as the treatment requires patience, is difficult and the response varies from person to person. “