How to Give Rescue and First Aid in Cases of Drowning?

How to Give Rescue and First Aid in Drowning Cases
How to Give Rescue and First Aid in Drowning Cases

📩 15/06/2023 10:52

Üsküdar University Vocational School of Health Services First and Emergency Aid Program Head Lect. Her staff, Ayşe Bagli, made explanations about how to give rescue and first aid to drowning cases.

Experts warn against possible suffocation due to the warming of the weather…

Stating that the inability of the respiratory tract to perform its function for any reason is defined as drowning, experts say that the most common cause of drowning is drowning in water. Stating that drowning can be seen among children and young people, especially in summer, due to reasons such as not being able to swim or jumping into shallow water, First and Emergency Aid Program Head Lecturer. Her staff, Ayşe Bagli, pointed out that first aid knowledge is needed to intervene in drownings.

First aid knowledge required for choking response

Stating that for any reason, the respiratory tract cannot perform its function and the body cannot get the oxygen it needs, Lecturer is defined as suffocation. His staff member, Ayşe Bagli, says, “In case of suffocation, there is not enough oxygen to the tissues and deterioration occurs in the tissues.” said. Stating that there are different reasons for suffocation, Bagli said, “There are reasons such as liquid filling in the windpipe or foreign body escaping, slipping of the tongue back due to loss of consciousness, hanging, damage to the lungs, gas poisoning and drowning in water. If the drowning person is reached in time, it can be intervened. It is very important to gain knowledge and skills in first aid in order to intervene in choking. she said.

The person who is removed from the water should be given artificial respiration and heart massage.

Emphasizing that drowning is one of the most common causes of drowning, Bağlı said, “It can be seen especially in summer, in children, young people, non-swimmers and in water accidents such as jumping into shallow water. During suffocation, a small amount of water enters the lungs due to the contraction of the trachea inlet. For this reason, artificial respiration and heart massage should be started even if 20-30 minutes have passed, especially in cold weather. used his statements.

Care must be taken when removing conscious persons from the water.

Noting that the most important step in drowning is to get the person out of the water, Bagli said, “It is necessary to be very careful, especially when removing people who are conscious from the water. The person who is conscious and fluttering in the water wants to hold on to anything near him and stay above the water. If someone inexperienced in rescuing approaches a drowning person, they may also immerse them in water, causing them to drown. First of all, if there are materials such as long towels, clothes, ropes, solid ropes, pieces of wood, life buoys, life jackets that can be used around, they should be extended and asked to hold on. If these cannot be done, an attempt is made to go to the drowning person with a sea vehicle. Even if a sea vehicle is used, it is extremely important for life safety to have a life jacket on the rescuer. If it is not possible to help in this way, help must be called.” warned.

Mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose respiration should be started in water.

Underlining that the person who wants to help should not jump into the water and try to rescue if he is not a professional swimmer, Bagli said, “Only professional swimmers and people who have been trained in this subject should do this. In addition to the risk of drowning as a result of jumping into the water, general body trauma or spinal fractures should also be considered. For this reason, the neck of the person should not be moved too much. In drowning, mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose breathing is possible in water, and this practice should be started while in the water. This practice may not be possible in deep waters, so one has to quickly pull towards shallow water.” said.

Basic life support should be continued until signs of life appear.

Stating that the life functions of the casualty, who were taken out of the water, were evaluated first, Bağlı said, “If he is unconscious and his breathing has stopped, basic life support should be started immediately. Unlike the standard 'Basic Life Support' practice that starts with CPR, intervention cycles should be continued with 2 CPRs after 30 artificial respirations are given to drowning victims.” made statements.

Reminding that those who are alone next to the casualty should call 2 quickly after 5 rounds of '2 artificial respiration - 30 heart massage' cycle, which will be completed in 112 minutes, Connected, basic life support application, health workers arrive at the scene or breathing in the victim. He emphasized that it should be continued until it shows signs of life such as moving, making a sound.

Even in the pool, children should be watched closely.

Stating that young children panic more than adults at the time of danger, Bağlı concluded his words as follows:

“Children should be constantly supervised by their parents, even if they can swim. Parents should be in the water with their children who cannot swim or they should follow them in the water without losing sight of them. In the same way, children should be present or close observation should be made in pool environments.