Acıbadem Bakırköy Hospital Brain and Nerve Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Gökhan Akdemir gave information about the problems caused by insomnia in humans. The incidence of insomnia problem; Stating that it varies according to age, education level and economic income, Prof. Dr. Gökhan Akdemir said, “While 10 out of 2 people in the world have insomnia problems at night, 10 out of 5 people suffer from insomnia at least 1-2 times a month. While the rate of insomnia in general is around 30 percent, this figure rises to 38 percent in our country. In other words, 10 out of 4 people in our country struggle with insomnia”.
If we consider that an adult sleeps an average of 7-8 hours a day, one third of our life is spent in sleep. Dr. Gökhan Akdemir said, “Sleep, which covers an important part of our lives, has a key role on our brain health. As with cells in other parts of our body, neurons in our brain are supported by cells called glia. While working during the daytime, many waste materials such as beta albumin and tau emerge during the operation of the nerves in our brain. These wastes are cleared from the brain by glia cells during sleep, so when we wake up after a good night's sleep, our brain is ready for a new day. When we are sleep deprived, the waste materials in our brain cannot be removed from our brain because the glia cells cannot fulfill their duties. As a result, our nerve cells slow down in their work, forgetfulness and difficulties in making decisions develop.” he said.
The study, carried out at the University of California, was conducted on 3 types of insomnia groups. prof. Dr. Gökhan Akdemir summarized the study showing how insomnia affects benevolence as follows:
Those who sleep less a day: The first study was conducted on 24 young people aged 7-18 who slept less than 26 hours in 24 hours. In the research, a survey was conducted on the 'helping' behaviors of young people. In addition, with functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, brain activities were measured in some parts of the brain, such as the middle prefrontal cortex (forehead part) and superior temporal sulcus (temporal part), which are involved in socialization and helping behaviors. In functional MRI studies; A high rate of 78 percent decrease was observed in the activities of the 'socializing and helping' behavioral regions of the brain when sleep deprived.
Those who sleep less for four days: In the second study carried out on 171 people; The 'helping' behaviors of people who slept less for 4 days were also examined by conducting a survey. In this group, it was determined that there was a significant decrease in benevolence.
Those who sleep less according to the clock application: In the third group, 'daylight saving time' was taken into account. In the changes made in March, people sleep an hour less, and in November they sleep an hour more. The donations of more than 2002 million philanthropists were analyzed between 2016 and 3. The effect of a one-hour change in March and November on donations was examined. As a result of the study; It was found that groups donated less when they slept less and more when they slept more.
“What age group should sleep how many hours?”
Sleep time in children is important for the development and cleaning of the brain, so the duration is longer. In adults, as the brain completes its development, sleep is more necessary for cleaning the brain. Therefore, the sleep time is reduced. Neurosurgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Gökhan Akdemir listed the sleep durations according to age groups as follows:
1-2 years, 12-16 hours a day
3-5 years, 11-14 hours a day
6-12 years, 9-12 hours a day
13-18 years, 8-10 hours a day
Adults: At least 7 hours a day
Günceleme: 24/01/2023 12:00