Today in History: It has been decided not to give license plates to horse-drawn carriages in Istanbul

Plates for Horse-drawn Carriages
Plates for Horse-drawn Carriages

January 19 is the 19nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 346 days left until the end of the year (347 in leap years).

Events

  • 1474 – Köping became a city in Sweden.
  • 1829 – The work of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Faust performed for the first time.
  • 1853 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera “Il Trovatore” is staged in Rome.
  • 1861 – Georgia seceded from the United States.
  • 1903 - French cyclist Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France cycling competition. While 19 competitors participated in the 2.428-kilometer tour, which lasted 59 days, only 20 cyclists managed to reach the finish.
  • 1910 – Çırağan Palace burned down. The palace was built by Sultan Abdulaziz.
  • 1915 - George Claude patents neon tubes for use in advertising.
  • 1915 – The first airstrike using airships is carried out in the United Kingdom by the German Empire.
  • 1923 – Published by Ali Şükrü Bey in Ankara. Tan The first issue of the newspaper is out.
  • 1935 – The first Y-shaped men's briefs are offered for sale at Marshall Field&Co.
  • 1937 - An American millionaire named Howard Hughes sets a speed record by flying from Los Angeles to Newark (New Jersey) in 7 hours 28 minutes.
  • 1941 – II. World War II: British forces attack Eritrea.
  • 1942 – II. World War II: Japanese troops occupy Burma.
  • 1945 – Deutsche Bank and Deutsche Orientbank ceased their operations in Turkey and began preparations for liquidation.
  • 1949 - Cuba recognized Israel diplomatically.
  • 1950 – It was decided to establish Labor Courts in Turkey.
  • 1950 – Chinese leader Mao Zedong recognized North Vietnam under Ho Chi Mingh.
  • 1956 - Akis Journal's Editor-in-Chief Cüneyt Arcayürek was acquitted. A lawsuit was filed against Arcayürek for his article titled "When the cat came, the mice ran away".
  • 1959 – The Expropriation and Confiscation Guarantee Agreement signed with the United States of America was approved in the Turkish Grand National Assembly. The deal was described in the press as a return to capitulations.
  • 1960 – The Socialist Party of Turkey became operational. General Presidency Prof. Atif Akgüç was brought in.
  • 1960 – Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) passenger plane, which came to Ankara from Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, crashed near Esenboğa Airport, killing 42 people.
  • 1961 – It was decided not to give license plates to horse-drawn carriages in Istanbul.
  • 1961 – Yassıada trials continue; The defendants in the İpar Case, Adnan Menderes, Fatin Rüştü Zorlu, Hasan Polatkan, Medeni Berk, Hayrettin Erkmen and ship owner Ali İpar were convicted.
  • 1966 - Indira Gandhi, daughter of Nehru, becomes Prime Minister of India.
  • 1969 - American Ambassador Robert Komer resigns. Robert Komer's office car was burned by students during his visit to the Middle East Technical University on January 6th.
  • 1969 – In Prague, a student named Jan Palach dies three days after setting himself on fire to protest the Soviet Union's invasion of Czechoslovakia. Protest demonstrations were held in Prague.
  • 1977 – Snowfall in Miami-Florida: For the first time in Florida's history.
  • The last of the Volkswagen Beetle (Turtle) model cars produced since 1978 – 1938 was produced at Volkswagen's factories in Emden. Production of turtles will continue until 2003 in Latin America.
  • 1981 – Bakırköy Labor Court appointed a trustee to the Revolutionary Workers' Unions Confederation (DİSK).
  • 1983 - Butcher of Lyon Klaus Barbie, also known as the Nazi war criminal, was arrested in Bolivia.
  • 1983 - Apple company, the first commercial computer with a mouse and "graphics interface" The Apple Lisa announced the.
  • 1983 – Two nationalists, who were on trial for the murder of Niksar Public Prosecutor Nihat Gerçek, were convicted.
  • 1988 – Social Democratic Populist Party (SHP) deputy Mehmet Ali Eren said that there is a Kurdish problem in Turkey and that Kurds are oppressed. Events broke out in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1992 – Revolutionary Confederation of Trade Unions (DISK) General Assembly was held; Kemal Nebioğlu was elected as the General President.
  • 1997 – Yasser Arafat arrived in Hebron for the first time in 30 years to celebrate the handover of Hebron, the last West Bank city under Israeli control, to Palestine.
  • 1998 – A person named Kenan Şeranoğlu collected 30 trillion liras from 8,6 thousand people under the name of Titan Saadet Chain. On 15 June, Şeranoğlu and 7 defendants, including her father, were sentenced to various prison sentences for fraud.
  • 2004 - A dog named Rubia broke a world record in this area by climbing the summit of Aconcagua mountain.
  • 2005 – Employees protesting the decision to close SEKA Izmit Plant decided not to leave the factory.
  • 2005 – The “Turks: Journey of the Millennium 600-1600” exhibition opened at the Royal Academy of Arts in London.
  • 2006 - NASA's space probe New Horizons embarked on its journey towards Pluto.
  • 2007 – Journalist Hrant Dink was killed as a result of an armed attack.
  • 2010 – Hamas leader Mahmoud al-Mabhuh was killed in his hotel in Dubai.
  • 2011 – Rize Deputy Mesut Yılmaz resigned from the Democrat Party. The number of parties represented in the parliament decreased to 6.

Births

  • 399 – Pulcheria was the second daughter of the Eastern Roman emperors Arcadius and Aelia Eudoxia (d. 453)
  • 1200 – Dōgen, Japanese Zen teacher and founder of the Soto Zen school in Japan (d. 1253)
  • 1544 – II. François, King of France from 10 July 1558 to 5 December 1560, and Queen consort of Scotland from 24 April 1558 to 5 December 1560 by marriage to Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots. (d. 1560)
  • 1736 – James Watt, Scottish inventor (who helped start the Industrial Revolution by inventing the steam engine) (d. 1819)
  • 1798 – Auguste Comte, French philosopher (considered the founder of sociology and positivism) (d. 1857)
  • 1802 – Sylvain Van de Weyer, Prime Minister of Belgium (d. 1874)
  • 1803 – Sarah Helen Whitman, American poet, essayist, transcendentalist, and spiritualist (d. 1878)
  • 1807 – Robert Edward Lee, American general (d. 1870)
  • 1808 – Lysander Spooner, American political thinker, essayist and pamphlet author, unitarian, abolitionist (d. 1887)
  • 1809 – Edgar Allan Poe, American storyteller, poet, critic, and publisher (d. 1849)
  • 1830 – Johanna Hiedler, maternal grandmother of Adolf Hitler (d. 1906)
  • 1839 – Paul Cezanne, French painter (one of the greatest post-Impressionist artists and pioneer of cubism) (d. 1906)
  • 1851 – Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (d. 1922)
  • 1863 – Werner Sombart, German economist and sociologist (d. 1941)
  • 1863 – Alexander Serafimovich, Soviet writer (d. 1949)
  • 1865 – Valentin Serov, Russian painter (d. 1911)
  • 1866 – Carl Theodor Zahle, Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1946)
  • 1871 – Dame Gruev, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1906)
  • 1873 – Hamide Javanshir, Azerbaijani philanthropist and women's rights activist (d. 1955)
  • 1873 – Duff Pattullo, 22nd Prime Minister of British Columbia (d. 1956)
  • 1878 – Herbert Chapman, English football player and manager (d. 1934)
  • 1879 – Guido Fubini, Italian mathematician (d. 1943)
  • 1882 – Selahattin Adil, Turkish soldier and politician (d. 1961)
  • 1884 – Ivan Mayski, Soviet diplomat, historian, and politician (d. 1975)
  • 1890 – Ferruccio Parri, 43rd Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1890 – Fevzi al-Kavukçu, Arab soldier and politician (d. 1977)
  • 1892 – Ólafur Thors, Prime Minister of Iceland (d. 1964)
  • 1897 – Emil Maurice, German politician (d. 1972)
  • 1912 – Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich, Soviet mathematician and economist (shared 1975 Nobel Prize in Economics with Tjalling Koopmans) (d. 1986)
  • 1921 – Patricia Highsmith, American author (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Markus Wolf, East German spy and President of the Stasi (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Altan Günbay, Turkish film actor (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Suphi Kaner, Turkish actress, director, screenwriter and producer (d. 1963)
  • 1934 – John Richardson, English actor (d. 2021)
  • 1940 – Élisabeth Rappeneau, French film director and screenwriter (d. 2020)
  • 1940 – Güngör Mengi, Turkish journalist and columnist
  • 1942 – Tamer Yiğit, Turkish actor
  • 1943 – Janis Joplin, American singer-songwriter (first white female blues singer of the 1960s) (d. 1970)
  • 1945 – John Lithgow, American actor and musician
  • 1946 – Dolly Parton, American country singer
  • 1947 – Şenay Yüzbaşıoğlu, Turkish pop music singer and songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1949 – Robert Palmer, English singer (d. 2003)
  • 1954 – Cindy Sherman, American art photographer and film director
  • 1961 – Hakan Aytekin, Turkish documentary director
  • 1961 – Hayri Sezgin, Turkish wrestler (d. 2013)
  • 1977 Benjamin Ayres, Canadian actor
  • 1980 – Jenson Button, British Formula 1 driver
  • 1981 – Asier del Horno, Basque football player
  • 1984 - Mickey Sumner, English actress
  • 1985 – Duško Tošić, Serbian football player
  • 1986 – Moussa Sow, French-born Senegalese professional football player
  • 1987 – Huban Öztoprak, Turkish theater, TV series and film actress (d. 2014)
  • 1992 – Logan Lerman, American artist
  • 1992 – Shawn Johnson, American artistic gymnast
  • 1993 – Gülşah Duman, Turkish basketball player

Deaths

  • 1302 – Judge I, Fifty-ninth Islamic Caliph
  • 1467 – Yahya bin Muhammed Münavi, Arabic fiqh and hadith scholar (b. 1396)
  • 1571 – Paris Bordone, Venetian painter (b. 1500)
  • 1629 – Abbas I, 5th ruler of the Safavid Dynasty (b. 1571)
  • 1823 – William Lambton, British soldier and geodesist (b. 1756)
  • 1855 – Jean-Baptiste Paulin Guérin, French portrait painter (b. 1783)
  • 1865 – Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French socialist and journalist (one of the theorists of Anarchism) (b. 1809)
  • 1871 – Charles Gumery, French sculptor (b. 1827)
  • 1930 – Frank P. Ramsey, English mathematician, philosopher, and economist (b. 1903)
  • 1949 – Alexander Serafimovich, Soviet writer (b. 1863)
  • 1962 – Onn Cafer, Malay politician (b. 1895)
  • 1964 – Firmin Lambot, Belgian racing cyclist (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – Hamza Humo, Bosnian poet, playwright, and novelist (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Feridun Çölgeçen, Turkish cinema and theater actor (b. 1911)
  • 1982 – Ahmet Şükrü Esmer, Turkish political historian and writer (b. 1891)
  • 1982 – Enver Ziya Karal, Turkish academic, historian, politician and President of the Turkish Historical Society (b. 1906)
  • 1990 – Sebahattin Selek, Turkish writer (b. 1921)
  • 1990 – Aleksandr Pechersky, leader who survived the Nazis' crimes against Soviet prisoners of war on October 14, 1943, and was one of the organizers of the mass escape from the Sobibor Extermination Camp (b. 1909)
  • 1992 – Sema Savaş, Turkish theater artist
  • 1992 – Yesari Asım Arsoy, Classical Turkish music composer (b. 1900)
  • 1994 – Necmi Rıza Ahıskan, Turkish classical music artist (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Bettino Craxi, Italian politician and former Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1934)
  • 2000 – Hedy Lamarr, Austrian-American actress and scientist (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Sevim Çağlayan, Turkish classical music artist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Bam Bam Bigelow, American wrestler (b. 1961)
  • 2007 – Hrant Dink, Turkish journalist of Armenian origin (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – Murat Nasyrov, Russian singer (b. 1969)
  • 2008 – Cüneyt Koryürek, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1931)
  • 2008 – Suzanne Pleshette, American actress (b. 1937)
  • 2008 – Ufuk Esin, Turkish academic, archaeologist and TÜBA member (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – Abdülkerim Kırca, Turkish soldier (suicide) (b. 1956)
  • 2011 – Hasan Ünal Nalbantoğlu, Turkish academic and sociologist (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – İsmet Hürmuzlü, Turkmen origin Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor, writer and director (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Toktamış Ateş, Turkish academic and writer (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Ettore Scola, Italian film director and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2017 – Wayne Barrett, American popular journalist and columnist (b. 1945)
  • 2017 – Miguel Ferrer, American actor and voice actor (b. 1955)
  • 2018 – Ute Bock, Austrian activist and educator (b. 1942)
  • 2018 – Anna Campori, Italian actress (b. 1917)
  • 2018 – Olivia Cole, American actress (b. 1942)
  • 2018 – Saqi Farooqi, Pakistani poet and writer (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Dorothy Malone, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2018 – Fredo Santana, American rapper and musician (b. 1990)
  • 2019 – Mario Bertoncini, Italian composer, pianist and music educator (b. 1932)
  • 2019 – Gert Frank, Danish cyclist (b. 1956)
  • 2019 – Ted McKenna, Scottish drummer and musician (b. 1950)
  • 2019 – Muriel Pavlow, English actor (b. 1921)
  • 2019 – Henry Sy, Chinese-Filipino businessman, investor, and philanthropist (b. 1924)
  • 2019 – Red Sullivan, Canadian professional ice hockey player and coach (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – Kazım Ayvaz, Turkish national wrestler (b. 1937)
  • 2020 – Jimmy Heath, American jazz saxophonist, composer, arranger, and band founder (b. 1926)
  • 2020 – Robert Parker, American rhythm and blues singer and musician (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – Sunanda Patnaik, Indian singer and musician (b. 1934)
  • 2021 – Renita Grigoryeva, Russian actress, film director, writer and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2021 – Danial Jahić, Serbian athlete (b. 1979)
  • 2021 – Lâm Quang Thi, Vietnamese veteran (b. 1932)
  • 2021 – Ellinah Wamukoya, Anglican bishop from Swazi (b. 1951)
  • 2021 – Mark Wilson, American illusionist and author (b. 1929)
  • 2022 – Stanisław Grędziński, Polish former athlete (b. 1945)
  • 2022 – Hardy Krüger, German actor (b. 1928)
  • 2022 – Gaspard Ulliel, French film actor (b. 1984)

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