Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Gynecologist Op. Dr. Mehmet Bekir Şen gave information about the subject. Cervical cancer is one of the most common gynecological cancers in women. Although it is mostly seen around the age of 45-50, it has started to occur in young women in recent years. Cervical cancer is another type of cancer that comes after breast and lung cancer, which is common in women and causes death. Cervical Cancer Symptoms. Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer. Cervical Cancer Treatment
The cervix is the neck of the uterus that opens to the vagina. The cervix is like a door that keeps the growing baby in the womb during pregnancy. It also protects the uterus against infections.
Cervical cancer begins when changes occur in the DNA of healthy cells present in the cervix. These healthy cells grow at a certain speed, begin to multiply, and do not live after a certain time, that is, they die. Changes in DNA tell cells to multiply and grow out of control, and accordingly, old cells remain alive. These abnormal cells accumulating cause a mass to form. This is also called cervical cancer.
Cervical Cancer Symptoms
Early stage cervical cancer usually does not show signs or symptoms. For this reason, it is of great importance for women to go to the Gynecology Specialist for regular control and screening.
Symptoms of more advanced cervical cancer include:
- Pain or bleeding during or after sexual intercourse
- Bleeding after menopause
- Groin pain or bleeding after gynecological examination
- a palpable mass protruding from the vagina
- Unusual, foul-smelling, watery vaginal discharge
- Light bleeding or blood spots other than normal menstruation
To Prevent Cervical Cancer;
- Stay away from smoking
- Get expert information about the HPV vaccine
- Get Routine Pap Smear Tests
- Avoid multiple sex partners
- Condoms should be used for safe sex
Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer
Since cervical cancer does not show any symptoms in its early stages, regular pap smear test is of great importance for catching cervical cancers. If the presence of cervical cancer is suspected, a specialist should be consulted, the doctor will examine the cervix comprehensively. In addition, a colposcope is applied to check for abnormal cells.
Cervical Cancer Treatment
Kiss. Dr. Mehmet Bekir Şen said, “The treatment method varies according to the stage of the disease and other health problems, if any. The disease can be treated with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or all three.
Günceleme: 23/12/2022 15:20