Disaster Risk Management Is Vital

Disaster Risk Management is of Vital Importance
Disaster Risk Management Is Vital

Üsküdar University Vocational School of Health Services Environmental Health – Emergency and Disaster Management Department Head Lecturer Tuğçe Yılmaz Karan made an assessment on disaster risks.

Emergency and Disaster Management Specialist Tuğçe Yılmaz Karan describes the disaster as “Natural, technological or human activities that stop or interrupt normal life and human activities by causing physical, economic and social losses to such an extent that the society or a part of the society cannot cope with its own means and resources. defined as the result of the hazards caused by

Noting that people living in different parts of the world are faced with different types of disasters today, Tuğçe Yılmaz Karan said, “These types of disasters affect people negatively and cause loss of life and property. Disaster types occur with natural factors and human-induced, that is, human factors. The biggest feature of disasters is that they affect the ability of societies to function and unfortunately societies cannot overcome them on their own. said.

Stating that some of the disasters are unpredictable, some of them develop very quickly and can be described as very dangerous, Tuğçe Yılmaz Karan said, “The activities to be carried out in order to resist the negative effects of disasters are carried out with certain stages. These activities are the activities that can be carried out before and after the disaster and are carried out within the disaster management system. While the activities before the disasters occur are called disaster risk management, the activities after the disasters are called disaster crisis management. Disaster risk management aims to avoid and reduce the bad effects of disasters through activities such as preparedness, prevention and mitigation. said.

Stating that disaster risk management includes identifying threats arising from hazards, understanding the vulnerability of people and developing strategies for future risk reduction, Tuğçe Yılmaz Karan said:

“Multiple disaster hazards can be seen in a region for reasons such as urbanization, rapid change in nature, rapid population growth. The coexistence of hazards makes it difficult to predict the consequences of disasters. In fact, in addition to the multiple emergence of hazards, the vulnerability of people also changes the size of disasters. Vulnerability can be said to be all the qualities that expose any community or property to disaster hazards. These qualities change temporally and spatially.”

Tuğçe Yılmaz Karan noted that the risk of disaster is the possibility of loss that may arise due to the realization of the disaster danger in the future and the situation of harming people and people's environment, and said, "With technological developments, technological disasters can now be seen alongside natural disasters, and one disaster can trigger another disaster. This situation causes the emergence of multiple risk situations. In the late 1980s, the approach of developing systematic methods to better perform pre-disaster activities was generally accepted in the international community, and this understanding led to the emergence of the concept of holistic disaster management by giving the necessary importance to pre-disaster activities. used the phrases.

Emergency and Disaster Management Specialist Tuğçe Yılmaz Karan also mentioned disaster risk management and said, “In this period when the risk reduction component in disaster management comes to the fore, in order to implement policies and strategies to reduce the negative effects of disasters, by improving the capacity of individuals, society and institutions to cope with disasters, institutional, A 'disaster risk management' approach has been adopted in order to develop administrative and financial measures.” said.

Tuğçe Yılmaz Karan said that disaster risk management is "the process of analyzing the risk, determining the acceptable level of damage due to the event that will occur, and deciding on the measures to be taken to minimize the possible damage, taking into account the social, economic and political factors". Risk is defined as damages or expected losses such as loss of life and property, injury, interruption of economic activities and environmental damage that may arise as a result of the interaction of natural and man-made hazards and vulnerability conditions. he said.

Stating that risk is generally related to the inability of people to cope with a special situation, Tuğçe Yılmaz Karan said, “Risk includes openness/vulnerability to dangers, unexpected or undesirable results and situations that contribute to the occurrence of the hazard. In addition, risk is the result of the probability of the event occurring and is the expected loss due to vulnerability. For communities with different levels of vulnerability and coping capacities, the impacts of the same level of hazards on communities are also different.” made statements.

Günceleme: 21/12/2022 13:16

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