Wild Animals are Tracked in Nature with GPS Transmitter Collars and Camera Traps

Wild Animals Are Tracked In Nature With GPS Transmitter Collars and Photo Traps
Wild Animals are Tracked in Nature with GPS Transmitter Collars and Camera Traps

The General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks (DKMP) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry monitors the diversity of wild animals across the country with 3 camera traps, and monitors the life cycles of these animals with the GPS transmitter collar they have attached to 180 wild animals in 10 years.

Studies on wildlife in Turkey were mostly based on direct observation until recently.

Recently, technologies developed for combating nature and overcoming structural difficulties have been used effectively. The studies carried out with camera traps that can detect the movement of living things while observing wildlife, minimize the impact of the human factor on the work area as much as possible.

With camera trap studies, information such as the distribution areas of the species, population dynamics, population densities, identification of individuals can be revealed with precise data. These data are used in species action plan, management and development plan studies and species protection activities.

Wild animals such as Anatolian wild sheep, bears, hyenas, red deer, roe deer and wolves are monitored with approximately 3 camera traps placed in nature throughout the country.

Wild animals produced in the production stations of the Ministry or released to their natural areas after being treated at the wildlife rehabilitation center and caught in natural habitats for scientific research are monitored by wearing satellite transmitter or GPS collars in order to determine their survival rates and distribution areas. Since the monitoring allows the determination of the breeding, accommodation and wintering areas of wild animals, it also forms the basis for the decisions to be taken regarding the method of these areas.

In this context, in the last 10 years, 24 wild animals from 260 species were attached to a collar with a GPS transmitter.

With this transmitter application, it was determined that a striped hyena in Adıyaman traveled 2013 kilometers to Kahramanmaraş in 10 months, in an area of ​​approximately 2 kilometers, in 894. Again, with this study, it was recorded that an Anatolian wild sheep, which was released to nature in Aksaray Ekecik Mountain in 1518 and followed for 2016 years, used an area of ​​approximately 2 hectares.


In addition, in order to increase the success of the activity in the fight against illegal hunting, the General Directorate has started to be used extensively throughout the country in hunting protection and control activities.

Within the scope of the Land Hunting Law, hunting protection and control activities are carried out by the Ministry units in order to protect game and wild animal resources together with their habitats and transfer these resources to future generations. The said works continue throughout the country with 15 regional directorates, 81 provincial branch directorates, 2 thousand 94 hunting guards, 400 off-road vehicles, 3 thousand 180 photo traps and 25 drones. Action was taken against 2012 thousand 72 people who were hunted illegally by the DKMP teams since 297 and an administrative fine of 79 million 714 thousand 542 liras was issued.

The Ministry is a stakeholder of the United Nations Convention on Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) on endangered wild animals and their derivatives. In this context, the endangered wild animals that will enter and exit Turkey through customs and the products obtained from them are kept under control by carrying out transactions and transactions related to the trade. According to the law, 44 thousand 808 documents have been prepared so far.

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