Ear Nose and Throat Diseases Specialist Assoc. Yavuz Selim Yıldırım gave important information about the subject. With the cooling of the weather, the frequency of upper respiratory tract infections increased, the reason for this is that frequently transmitted viral upper respiratory tract diseases are easily transmitted and spread. Because the temperature changes are more in this season, people spend more time in closed areas, so it is transmitted to people very quickly in public areas, it can spread rapidly from person to person in schools, subways, shopping centers, public transportation vehicles and working environments.
It manifests itself with many symptoms such as cough, sore throat, nasal congestion, sneezing, weakness, fatigue, joint pain, sweating, dry mouth, nasal discharge, difficulty swallowing, tearing and watering.
How Is It Transmitted?
Usually, children take the disease from school and bring it home to the family and infect it. Afterwards, the mother or father takes this disease to the workplace and infects their colleagues, siblings take them to other schools and infect their classmates. spreads rapidly.
Children are most affected by upper respiratory tract infections, and then the elderly.
The first intervention in upper respiratory tract infection is to open the nasal congestion. When the nasal obstruction is not opened, the frequency of sore throat, dry mouth and throat infections due to mouth breathing increases. appears in quantity.
Again, as a result of nasal congestion, the discharge from the nose causes the spread of the disease by coughing.
nasal congestion, sore throat, nasal discharge, mild cough, it is called a cold.
To protect adults and children, complying with the general hygiene rules, staying away from sick people, closing the mouth and nose during coughing and sneezing are general precautions, everyone should follow.
Drinking plenty of fluids is recommended as it will facilitate the excretion of viruses. Natural substances such as sage, linden and honey accelerate healing. Consuming natural foods containing antioxidants, trotting soup, chicken broth, and consuming foods such as citrus fruits, which are rich in vitamins, accelerate healing.
How do we get sick less?
Doç.Dr.Yavuz Selim Yıldırım said, “Especially, children and adults with severe nasal congestion become more ill with a mild infection. Nasal allergies, adenoids in children, curvatures in the nasal concha and nasal cavity in adults cause the upper respiratory tract infections to heal later and last longer.
What should be done to be protected?
- Sick people need to make an effort not to infect others with their disease.
- It is necessary to consume citrus fruits and natural immune-boosting foods, which are known as winter-specific vitamin stores.
- If we have the disease, we should try to keep the nose open for the first intervention.
- If you are constantly sick, you need to be examined by an otolaryngologist.
- It is necessary to dress appropriately for the winter season, to eat and sleep.