Today in History: Zeugma Mosaic Museum in Gaziantep Opened to Visit

Zeugma Mosaic Museum
Zeugma Mosaic Museum

September 9 is the 252th (253th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 113.

Railways

  • 9 September 1855 The construction of the Ottoman State Istanbul-Edirne-Varna and Varna-Balâklava telegraph line was completed and put into service.
  • 9 September 1861 Bag-Cellatcoffee line (11 km) opened.
  • 9 September 1882 Mehmet Nahid Bey and the proposals of Kostaki Teodoridi Efendi The Nafia Commission prepared a new specification for the Mersin-Adana line.
  • 9 1927 Poplar-Basin Line (38 km) was launched. The contractor was Nuri Demirağ. Samsun-Kavak line was opened for operation.
  • 9 September 1929 Fevzipaşa-Gölbaşı (143 km) line is opened. The contractor was Sweden-Denmark Group.

Events

  • 479 BC – Battle of Platea takes place.
  • 1543 - Mary Stuart is crowned Queen of Scots at the age of 9 years.
  • 1570 – Nicosia was conquered by the Turks.
  • 1850 - California was admitted to the United States as the 31st state.
  • 1892 - Amalthea, Jupiter's fifth moon, is found.
  • 1914 – The Committee of Union and Progress rejected all capitulations accepted by the Ottoman Government.
  • 1922 – Liberation of Izmir: After the Battle of Dumlupınar was won, the Turkish Army, which led the Greek Army in front of it, entered the occupied Izmir.
  • 1923 – The Republican People's Party was founded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
  • 1940 - Hungarian Army kills 87 Romanians and 6 Jews in the Treznea Massacre.
  • 1945 – The Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) ends.
  • 1948 - Kim Il-sung proclaims the founding of North Korea.
  • 1971 – The law on the establishment of Boğaziçi University was accepted.
  • 1974 – At the 11th Golden Orange Film Festival, the Golden Orange Award went to Lütfi Ömer Akad Wedding got the movie.
  • 1992 - Spain recognized the autonomy of the Catalonia region.
  • 1993 - Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) agreed to recognize each other.
  • 2001 – 12 Giant Men came second in the European Championship held in Turkey.
  • 2011 – Zeugma Mosaic Museum in Gaziantep, the world's largest mosaic museum, was opened to visitors.

Births

  • 214 – Aurelian, Roman Emperor (d. 275)
  • 384 – Honorius, Roman Emperor and later Western Roman Emperor (d. 423)
  • 1349 – III. Albert, member of the House of Habsburg, duke of Austria from 1365 until his death (d. 1395)
  • 1466 – Ashikaga Yoshitane, 10th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate (d. 1523)
  • 1583 – Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian composer (d. 1643)
  • 1585 – Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu, French cleric, nobleman, and politician (d. 1642)
  • 1737 – Luigi Galvani, Italian physicist (d. 1798)
  • 1778 – Clemens Brentano, German writer (d. 1842)
  • 1823 – Joseph Leidy, American scientist (d. 1891)
  • 1828 – Lev Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1910)
  • 1855 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, English writer and philosopher (d. 1927)
  • 1869 – Abdullah Cevdet, Ottoman politician and philosopher (d. 1932)
  • 1906 – Ali Hadi Bara, Turkish sculptor (d. 1971)
  • 1908 – Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and novelist (d. 1950)
  • 1909 Arthur Jonath, German athlete (d. 1963)
  • 1913 – Tarık Levendoğlu, Turkish stage designer, theater director, translator and fresco painter (d. 1978)
  • 1922 – Bernard Bailyn, American historian, author, and professor (d. 2020)
  • 1928 – Sol LeWitt, American sculptor and painter (d. 2007)
  • 1929
    • Aleksei Maslennikov, Russian Soviet tenor and opera singer (d. 2016)
    • Stu Phillips, American composer, conductor and record producer
  • 1930
    • Gültekin Oransay, Turkish musicologist, history and language researcher
    • Frank Lucas, American drug lord, gangster and crime boss
  • 1932 – Müşfik Kenter, Turkish theater and cinema artist (d. 2012)
  • 1935 – Demir Özlü, Turkish writer
  • 1939
    • Alexandre Benmakhlouf, French lawyer
    • Sharon Ambrose, American politician (d. 2017)
  • 1940 – Cihangir Gaffari, Iranian actor
  • 1941 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer engineer (d. 2011)
  • 1943 – Başar Sabuncu, Turkish actor, screenwriter and director (d. 2015)
  • 1959 – Ruhsar Öcal, Turkish opera soloist, theater, cinema and TV series actor
  • 1960
    • Nurullah Genç, Turkish economist and poet
    • Hugh Grant, English actor and filmmaker
  • 1961 – Faruk Çaturoğlu, Turkish politician
  • 1965 – Cihat Levent, Turkish national basketball player
  • 1966 - Adam Sandler, American actor
  • 1967
    • Akshay Kumar, Indo-Punjab actor, director and producer
    • Anna Malle, American porn star (d. 2006)
    • Akshay Kumar, Indian actor
  • 1969
    • Rachel Hunter, New Zealand model, actress and reality TV host
    • Özlem Zengin, Turkish lawyer and politician
  • 1970
    • Tülay Günal, Turkish actress
    • Cüneyt Mete, Turkish actor
  • 1971 – Eric Stonestreet, American actor and comedian
  • 1972
    • Natasha Kaplinsky, British news anchor
    • Xavier Pascual, Spanish professional basketball coach
    • George Perez, American actor
    • Goran Višnjic, Croatian actor
  • 1974 – Ece Uslu, Turkish actress
  • 1975
    • İlker Kızmaz, Turkish cinema and TV series actor
    • Michael Bublé, Canadian musician, pop-jazz artist and actor
  • 1976
    • Mick Blue, Austrian porn actor
    • Emma de Caunes, French actress
  • 1977
    • Fatih Tekke, Turkish football player
    • Farzad Majidi, Iranian national football player
  • 1978 – Arzu Şahin, Turkish folk music artist
  • 1979
    • Nikki DeLoach, American actress and performance singer
    • Gökçe, Turkish singer
  • 1980
    • Václav Drobný, Czech former international football player (d. 2012)
    • Michelle Williams, American actress
  • 1982
    • Isabelle Caro, French model and actress (d. 2010)
    • Welissa De Souza Gonzaga, Brazilian volleyball player
  • 1984
    • Brad Guzan, American football player
    • Mihalis Sifakis, Greek former international football player
  • 1985
    • Lior Eliyahu, Israeli professional basketball player
    • Luka Modric, Croatian national football player
  • 1986
    • İbrahim Kendirci, Turkish actor
    • Luc Mbah a Moute, Cameroonian professional basketball player
  • 1987
    • Afrojack, Dutch DJ and producer
    • Alex Song, Cameroonian football player
    • Clayton Snyder, American actor
    • Gökhan Keser, Turkish singer
  • 1988 – Danilo D'Ambrosio, Italian football player
  • 1991
    • Oscar, Brazilian national football player
    • Danilo Luis Helio Pereira, Portuguese football player
  • 1992 – Basaran Saracoglu, Turkish football player
  • 1993 – Sarah Logan, American professional wrestler
  • 1994
    • Jure Balkovec, Slovenian football player
    • Lucas Ontivero, Argentine football player
    • Gilbert Koomson, Ghanaian international football player
    • Ali Faiz Atiyye, Iraqi football player
    • Yuto Horigome, Japanese football player
    • Yuta Toyokawa, Japanese football player
  • 1997 – Fredrik Jensen, Finnish football player
  • 1998 – Colin Dagba, French football player

Deaths

  • 276 - Florianus, Roman Emperor
  • 1087 – William I, King of England (b. 1028)
  • 1271 – III. Yaroslav, first Prince of Tver from 1264 to 1271 and tenth Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1230)
  • 1483 – IV. Edward, King of England (b. 1442)
  • 1487 – Chenghua, Emperor of China (b. 1447)
  • 1513 – IV. James, King of Scots (b. 1473)
  • 1569 – Pieter Brueghel, Dutch painter (b. 1525)
  • 1583 – Humphrey Gilbert, English adventurer, explorer, MP, and soldier who served during the reign of Elizabeth I (b. 1539)
  • 1596 – Anna Jagiellon, queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania from 1575 to 1586 (b. 1523)
  • 1806 – William Paterson, New Jersey statesman and signer of the United States Constitution (b. 1745)
  • 1830 – Bailey Bartlett, American politician (b. 1750)
  • 1841 – Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Swiss botanist (b. 1778)
  • 1891 – Jules Grévy, French statesman (b. 1807)
  • 1898 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (b. 1842)
  • 1901 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Hans Spemann, German embryologist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1869)
  • 1942 – Şevki Savaşçı, Turkish soldier and veteran of the War of Independence (b. 1878)
  • 1943 – Charles McLean Andrews, American historian (b. 1863)
  • 1959 – Ramón Fonst, Cuban fencer (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (b. 1911)
  • 1976 – Mao Zedong, Chinese revolutionary, politician, and founder of the Communist Party of China (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Ida Noddack, German chemist and physicist (b. 1896)
  • 1978 – Jack Warner, Canadian-born American filmmaker (b. 1892)
  • 1981 – Jacques Lacan, French psychiatrist (b. 1901)
  • 1983 – Luis Monti, Argentine football player (b. 1901)
  • 1984 – Yılmaz Güney, Turkish director and film actor (b. 1937)
  • 1985 – Sırrı Atalay, Turkish politician and lawyer (b. 1919)
  • 1985 – Paul Flory, American chemist who won the 1974 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1910)
  • 1985 – Erkan Yücel, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor (b. 1944)
  • 1989 – Elevter Andronikashvili, Georgian physicist (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Nicola Abbagnano, Italian existentialist philosopher (b. 1901)
  • 1993 – Maurice Yaméogo, Burkina Faso politician (b. 1921)
  • 1995 – Erik Nilsson, Swedish football player (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Bill Monroe, American mandolist, singer, and songwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Burgess Meredith, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Semiha Şakir, Turkish philanthropist (b. 1905)
  • 2001 – Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan military leader (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-American theoretical physicist (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Mehmet Emin Aga, elected mufti of Western Thrace Turk Xanthi (Western Thrace-Greece) (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Saide Arifova, Crimean Tatar woman who saved 74 Jewish children in World War II (b. 1916)
  • 2010 – Bent Larsen, Danish chess player (b. 1935)
  • 2010 – Rauno Mäkinen, Finnish wrestler (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Patricia Blair, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Denny Miller, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 2016 – Mario Spezi, Italian journalist and author (b. 1945)
  • 2017 – Frank Aarebrot, Norwegian political scientist and academic (b. 1947)
  • 2018 – Frank Andersson, Swedish wrestler and TV entertainer (b. 1956)
  • 2018 – Javier Usabiaga Arroyo, Mexican businessman and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2018 Catra, Brazilian pop-funk singer, musician, and actor (b. 1968)
  • 2019 – Lavrendis Maheriças, Greek rock musician and songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 2019 – Dinçer Sümer, Turkish theater actor, director and voice actor (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Henrietta Boggs, American author, journalist, and activist (b. 1918)
  • 2020 – KS Firoz, Bangladeshi actor (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Shere Hite, US-born German sexologist and feminist (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Yopie Latul, Indonesian singer (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – Amos Luzzatto, Italian writer (b. 1928)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Izmir's Independence Day (1922)

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