Orthodontist Specialist Associate Professor Erol Akın gave important information about the subject. Gum diseases are the inflammation of the tissue that covers the entire mouth, and then this inflammation progresses to the underlying bone and causes a decrease in the bone tissue. Tooth loss occurs due to the decrease and melting of the supporting bone tissue of the teeth. may come.
The mouth is a special part of the body. Because this part, which is open to external factors, has a complex bacterial formation. Gums are the tissue surrounding the teeth and jaw bones, which is under the influence of general body health and directly affects systemic health. Bacteria that cause gum diseases can cause serious health problems such as heart diseases, diabetes, premature birth, rheumatoid arthritis.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
Bleeding in the gums (Bleeding that occurs spontaneously or while brushing teeth), swelling in the gums, darkening of the color of the gums, turning the light pink color into red, swaying of the teeth, gaping of the teeth over time, pain in chewing, cold-hot sensitivities, bad breath, bad taste, small abscesses that are activated from time to time on the gingival margins, changes in the relations between the upper and lower teeth during biting..
The most important cause of gingival diseases is bacterial plaque, but other factors such as smoking, systemic diseases, drugs, adolescence, pregnancy, menopause, stress and malnutrition can negatively affect gingival health.
What is the treatment?
Doç.Dr.Erol Akın said, “The early treatment of gingival diseases can mostly be treated with non-surgical applications. First of all, in periodontal treatment, tooth and root surface cleaning is performed, oral hygiene is taught, occlusion control is provided, and solutions are found for problems such as cavities, wisdom teeth, which allow food residues and microorganisms to accumulate more easily. With this treatment, it is applied to reduce or eliminate the inflammation in the gums and to remove the microorganisms that cause gingivitis.