Today in History: 7.8 People Lose Their Lives in the 18.373 Magnitude Marmara Earthquake

Marmara Earthquake
Marmara Earthquake

August 17 is the 229th (230th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 136.

Railways

  • August 17, 1869 Hirsch established a new company to replace Lombar. Talabot, the former manager of Lombar, was brought in due to his interests.

Events

  • 1668 – The 8.0 North Anatolian earthquake with a magnitude of 1668, centered on Lake Ladik in Samsun, caused extensive damage from Bolu in the west to Erzincan in the east, and 8.000 people lost their lives. It is the strongest earthquake recorded in Turkey.
  • 1907 – II. Abdülhamid allowed the import of modern liquid fuel vehicles such as motorcycles and automobiles.
  • 1915 – Battle of Kireçtepe in Çanakkale Wars kazanwas done.
  • 1922 - Before the Great Offensive, Mustafa Kemal Pasha secretly moved to the front at night.
  • 1945 – Indonesia declared its independence from the Netherlands.
  • 1949 – In the 6.8 Karlıova earthquake with a magnitude of 1949 that occurred in Erzurum, Bingöl and its district Karlıova, 450 people died and more than 1.500 houses were destroyed.
  • 1969 - Typhoon Camille in the USA killed 248 people.
  • 1969 – Turkey's Queen of the Deaf and Dumb, Sevil Tez, was selected as the world winner in the beauty contest held in Belgrade.
  • 1974 – Turkish Troops; He cleared the Karpaz Peninsula from the Greek soldiers who carried out guerrilla attacks. Finally, he rescued the Turks trapped in the Yeşilırmak Region, citing ceasefire violations.
  • 1975 – A Palestine Liberation Organization delegation came to Ankara to provide support and open an office.
  • 1976 – The decision of the Council of Ministers regarding the establishment of iron and steel facilities in Sivas entered into force after being published in the Official Gazette.
  • 1978 – Civil war started in Iran against the Shah Regime.
  • 1987 – Steffi Graf placed first in the World Tennis Association 'Women's Ranking', surpassing Martina Navratilova. Graf made this achievement kazanHe was only 18 years old and in 1987 he won 8 tournaments including the 'French Open'. kazanhad been.
  • 1988 - Zia-ul-Haq was assassinated as a result of an assassination.
  • 1996 - Ethiopian Troops kill 232 Somali Muslims.
  • 1996 – An official ceasefire agreement was signed between Russia and Chechnya.
  • 1999 – According to official figures, 7.8 people lost their lives in the Marmara earthquake with a magnitude of 18.373 centered in Kocaeli-Gölcük. The country's lifeblood industrial facilities were also severely damaged in the earthquake. The number of damaged residences and workplaces exceeded 245 thousand.
  • 2000 – Picasso's, The Portrait of Young Women The missing painting named was seized in Şanlıurfa. previously owned by Picasso fermiere his painting is in Izmir and Dora maar His painting was also seized in Selçuk.
  • 2017 – 13 people are killed when a minibus crushes pedestrians in Barcelona.

Births

  • 1601 – Pierre de Fermat, French lawyer and mathematician (d. 1665)
  • 1603 – Lennart Torstensson, Earl of Ortala and Baron of Virestad. Swedish Field Marshal and military engineer (d. 1651)
  • 1629 – III. Jan Sobieski, King of Poland (d. 1696)
  • 1786 – Davy Crockett, American folk hero, politician, and soldier (d. 1836)
  • 1798 – Thomas Hodgkin, English physician (d. 1866)
  • 1801 – Fredrika Bremer, Swedish writer and feminist (d. 1865)
  • 1864 – Hüseyin Rahmi Gürpınar, Turkish writer (d. 1944)
  • 1882 – Samuel Goldwyn, Polish filmmaker (d. 1974)
  • 1893 – Mae West, American actress and writer (d. 1980)
  • 1909 – Cahit Uçuk, Turkish story and novelist (one of the first female writers of the Republican era) (d. 2004)
  • 1911 – Mikhail Botvinnik, Soviet World Chess Champion (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Rudolf Haag, German theoretical physicist (d. 2016)
  • 1922 – Paul Wiens, German writer, screenwriter, poet and translator (d. 1982)
  • 1929 – Gary Powers, American pilot (pilot of the U-2 spy plane that was shot down over Soviet soil) (d. 1977)
  • 1930 – Ted Hughes, English writer, poet, and children's writer (d. 1998)
  • 1932 – Jean-Jacques Sempé, Bordeaux, French cartoonist, illustrator
  • 1932 – VS Naipaul, Trinidad and Tobago-born British writer and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018)
  • 1934 – Aka Gündüz Kutbay, Turkish ney player (d. 1979)
  • 1936 – Margaret Hamilton, American computer scientist, systems engineer, and businessperson
  • 1936 – Seamus Mallon, Northern Irish Gaelic football player and politician (d. 2020)
  • 1941 – Lothar Bisky, German politician (d. 2013)
  • 1941 – Ferdi Özbegen, Turkish pianist and singer (d. 2013)
  • 1942 – Müslüm Magomayev, Azerbaijani opera singer (d. 2008)
  • 1943 – Robert de Niro, American actor and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor, Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • 1944 – Larry Ellison, American businessman and founder of Oracle
  • 1946 – Martha Coolidge, American film director
  • 1946 – Patrick Manning, Trinidad and Tobago politician (d. 2016)
  • 1947 – Mohammed Abdulaziz, Western Saharan politician (d. 2016)
  • 1949 – Julian Fellowes, English actor, novelist, film director, and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Richard Hunt, American comedian, actor, and voice actor (d. 1992)
  • 1952 - Nelson Piquet, Brazilian Formula 1 driver
  • 1953 – Herta Müller, Romanian-born novelist and poet
  • 1954 – Hamdi Akin, Turkish businessman
  • 1954 – Eric Johnson, American rock guitarist
  • 1958 - Belinda Carlisle, Grammy-winning American singer, composer, and writer
  • 1959 – Jonathan Franzen, American writer
  • 1960 – Stephan Eicher, Swiss singer
  • 1960 - Sean Penn, American actor
  • 1968 Helen McCrory, English actress (d. 2021)
  • 1968 – Anja Fichtel, German fencer
  • 1968 – Andriy Kuzmenko, Ukrainian singer (d. 2015)
  • 1969 - Donnie Wahlberg, American actor
  • 1970 – Andrus Kivirähk, Estonian writer
  • 1971 – Uhm Jung-hwa, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1973 – Ayşegül Ünsal, Turkish theater and film actress
  • 1976 – Olena Krasovska, Ukrainian athlete
  • 1977 – William Gallas, French former football player
  • 1977 – Thierry Henry, French football player
  • 1977 – Tarja Turunen, Finnish soprano
  • 1978 – Sagopa Kajmer, Turkish rap musician
  • 1980 – Daniel Güiza, Spanish football player
  • 1980 – Jan Kromkamp, ​​Dutch national football player
  • 1982 – Melissa Anderson, American female wrestler and manager
  • 1982 – Phil Jagielka, English international footballer
  • 1982 – Mark Salling, American actor and musician (d. 2018)
  • 1984 – Daniel Brown, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Oksana Domnina, Russian figure skater
  • 1986 - Rudy Gay, Professional American basketball player
  • 1988 – Jihadist John, ISIS executioner (d. 2015)
  • 1988 - Erika Toda, Japanese actress
  • 1989 – Farah Zeynep Abdullah, Turkish actress
  • 1990 – Rachel Hurd-Wood, English actress
  • 1992 - Paige, English professional wrestler
  • 1993 – Ederson, Brazilian international football player
  • 1993 – Diyorbek Urozboev, Uzbek judoka
  • 1994 – Vladimir Maslennikov, Russian shooter
  • 1995 - Gracie Gold, American figure skater
  • 2000 – Lil Pump, American rapper and songwriter

Deaths

  • 1304 – Go-Fukakusa, 89th emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 1243)
  • 1324 – Irene, III. Andronikos' first wife and Byzantine Empress died before her husband became sole emperor (b. 1293)
  • 1474 – Veli Mahmud Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier and statesman (b. 1420)
  • 1676 – Jakob von Grimmelshausen, German writer (b. 1621)
  • 1786 – II. Frederick, King of Prussia (b. 1712)
  • 1834 – Hussein Kaptan Gradashcevic, Bosnian commander (b. 1802)
  • 1838 – Lorenzo Da Ponte, Venetian opera writer and poet (b. 1749)
  • 1850 – José de San Martín, South American revolutionary (b. 1778)
  • 1896 – Mary Abigail Dodge, American essayist and publisher (advocating the independence of women from men) (b. 1833)
  • 1900 – Raimundo Andueza Palacio, Venezuelan lawyer, journalist, and politician (b. 1846)
  • 1908 – Radoje Domanović, Serbian writer, journalist and teacher (b. 1873)
  • 1918 – Moisei Uritsky, Russian Bolshevik leader (b. 1873)
  • 1935 – Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American author, women's movement pioneer, and feminist theorist (b. 1860)
  • 1944 – Diamando Kumbaki, Greek partisan and activist (Greek Resistance partisan who fought against the Axis Powers during World War II) (b. 1926)
  • 1955 – Fernand Léger, French sculptor (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Ernst Jaeckh, German writer and academic (b. 1875)
  • 1966 – Ken Miles, English sports car racing engineer and driver (b. 1918)
  • 1968 – Necmettin Halil Onan, Turkish poet (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German architect (b. 1886)
  • 1969 – Otto Stern, German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (b. 1888)
  • 1971 – Âşık Beyhani, Turkish folk poet (b. 1933)
  • 1971 – Wilhelm List, German officer and Generalfield Marshal of Nazi Germany (b. 1880)
  • 1973 – Conrad Aiken, American poet, short story writer, novelist, and critic (b. 1889)
  • 1978 – Ahmet Kireççi, Turkish wrestler (1948 London Olympic Games champion) (b. 1914)
  • 1979 – Vivian Vance, American actress and singer (b. 1909)
  • 1983 – Ira Gershwin, American songwriter (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Clarence Brown, American film director (b. 1890)
  • 1987 – Rudolf Hess, German politician and Adolf Hitler's Deputy in the NSDAP (b. 1894)
  • 1988 – Mohammed Zia ul Haq, 6th President of Pakistan (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Władysław Komar, Polish shot putter (b. 1940)
  • 1998 – Tadeusz Ślusarski, Polish pole vaulter (b. 1950)
  • 1999 – Ziya Taşkent, Turkish composer and vocalist (b. 1932)
  • 2010 – Francesco Cossiga, Italian politician (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Yvonne Craig, American actress (b. 1937)
  • 2016 – Arthur Hiller, Canadian television and film director (b. 1923)
  • 2017 – Sonny Landham, famous American actor, stuntman, and politician (b. 1941)
  • 2017 – Paulo Silvino, Brazilian comedian, TV host, composer and actor (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Fedva Süleyman, Syrian actress, dubbing artist and activist (b. 1970)
  • 2018 – Leonard Boswell, American politician (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Ezzatolah Entezami, Iranian actress (b. 1924)
  • 2019 – Cedric Benson, American football player (b. 1982)
  • 2019 – Jacques Diouf, Senegalese diplomat and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2019 – José Martínez Suárez, Argentine screenwriter and filmmaker (b. 1925)
  • 2020 – Elsimar Coutinho, Brazilian scientist, professor, gynecologist and TV personality (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – Chaim Dov Keller, Haredi rabbi, Talmudic scholar (b. 1930)

Holidays and special occasions

  • 17 August Earthquake Remembrance Day

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