Today in History: 6.1 Magnitude Earthquake Occurred in Sivas, 64 People Died

An Earthquake of Greatness Occurred in Sivas
An Earthquake of Greatness Occurred in Sivas

May 18 is the 138st day of the year (139nd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 227.

Railways

  • 18 May 2009 Theater Şark Express, Minister of Culture and Tourism Ertuğrul Günay,
    He was sent off with a ceremony from Ankara Gar.
  • A series of contracts were made with 18 May 1872 Hirsch. The state undertook the construction of the lines that were not commenced construction.
  • 18 May 1936 The foundation of the Erzurum-Sivas line was laid.
  • 18 May 1952 The train train was overthrown in the Taurus Mountains. 31 people died.

Events

  • 1284 - Jönköping officially became a Swedish city.
  • 1804 - Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed Emperor of France.
  • 1871 - Paris Commune accepts equal pay for equal work.
  • 1910 - Halley's Comet, the only comet visible to the naked eye, passed very close to Earth.
  • 1929 – An earthquake with a magnitude of 6.1 occurred in the Suşehri district of Sivas, 64 people were killed and more than 72 injured.
  • 1941 – The German battleship Bismark and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen set sail for Operation Rhine Exercise (Rheinübung).
  • 1943 – Adolf Hitler orders an invasion of Italy by German armies, launching Operation Alaric, as his ally Italy is headed for surrender.
  • 1944 – Exile of the Crimean Tatars: Josef Stalin expelled the Crimean Tatars from the Crimean Peninsula. Of the 193.865 Crimean Tatars exiled, 45% died in exile.
  • 1968 – The “May Uprising” continues in France. President Charles de Gaulle returned to his country, ending his visit to Romania 12 hours earlier than expected. Filmmakers invaded the Cannes Film Festival. Leading French film directors withdrew their works from the competition, and the jury resigned, ending the festival.
  • 1969 - Project Apollo: Apollo 10 is launched.
  • 1973 – İbrahim Kaypakkaya, the founder of the Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist (TKP-ML) and the Workers and Peasants Liberation Army of Turkey (TİKKO), died as a result of the torture he suffered while in custody under martial law.
  • 1974 – India successfully conducts its first nuclear weapons test in the Tar Desert in the city of Pokhran, Rajasthan. This project, which they called "The Smiling Buddha", made India the 6th country to have nuclear weapons.
  • 1980 – The Process Leading to the 12 September 1980 Coup in Turkey (1979 - 12 September 1980): Chief of General Staff Gen. Kenan Evren, force commanders and Gendarmerie General Commander held a meeting. It was decided that there was no other way out than to intervene.
  • 1980 – The Process Leading to the 12 September 1980 Coup in Turkey (1979- 12 September 1980): Opposition leader Bülent Ecevit, “If there was another person as destructive as Demirel, the country would have sunk long ago.” dedicate.
  • 1980 – Located in the US state of Washington, St. Helens, the volcanic eruption caused 57 deaths and $3 billion in property damage.
  • 1986 – After the explosion at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, Atomic Energy Commission President Prof. Ahmet Yüksel Özemre said, "There is nothing to worry about in radiation."
  • 1987 – The first sea buses started to operate in Istanbul. First voyages Bostancı-Kabataş was made between
  • 1990 – In France, a modified TGV train reaches 515.3 km/h, setting a new Railway speed record.
  • 1995 – It was revealed that Hasan Ocak, who was taken into custody during the protest demonstration against the Gazi District events and was never heard from again, was buried in the orphans section of the Altınşehir Cemetery.
  • 1996 – An assassination attempt was made on President Süleyman Demirel by İbrahim Gümrükçüoğlu in Izmit. Demirel escaped unharmed from the incident. Protection Director Şükrü Çukurlu was injured in his arm and a journalist was injured in his foot.
  • 1997 – A fight broke out at the MHP congress. The congress was postponed for one month by the decision of the judge.
  • 2000 – Assoc. Dr. It was determined that the fingerprint detected in the package used in the murder of Bahriye Üçok belonged to Ferhan Özmen, who was captured within the framework of the Hope Operation.
  • 2003 – The foundation of Turkey's first private raki factory was laid in Tekeli town of Menderes district of İzmir.

Births

  • 1048 – Omar Khayyam, Persian poet, philosopher, mathematician, and first user of the Binomial expansion (d. 1131)
  • 1186 – Constantine of Rostov, prince of Vladimir (d. 1218)
  • 1692 – Joseph Butler, English philosopher (d. 1752)
  • 1711 – Ruđer Bošković, Ragusan scientist (d. 1787)
  • 1822 – Mathew Brady, American photographer (d. 1896)
  • 1868 – II. Nicholas, Tsar of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1872 – Bertrand Russell, English philosopher, mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate and peace movement leader (d. 1970)
  • 1883 – Walter Gropius, German architect and co-founder of the Bauhaus movement (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – Augusto César Sandino, Nicaraguan guerrilla leader (d. 1934)
  • 1897 – Frank Capra, American film director (d. 1991)
  • 1898 – Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel, Turkish poet (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – Galeazzo Ciano, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Italy (d. 1944)
  • 1919 – Margot Fonteyn, English dancer and founder of Turkish ballet (d. 1991)
  • 1920 – Pope II. John Paul, first Polish Pope of the Catholic Church (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Bob Benny, Belgian singer (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – II. Karekin KazanCyan, Armenian Patriarch of Istanbul and Spiritual President of the Armenians of Turkey (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Serafino Sprovieri, Italian Catholic clergyman and bishop (d. 2018)
  • 1936 – Türker İnanoğlu, Turkish director and producer
  • 1937 - Jacques Santer, former prime minister of Luxembourg, former president of the European Commission
  • 1939 – Peter Grünberg, German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics
  • Fazli Kashmir, Turkish ambassador (d. 2019)
  • Nobby Stiles, English former football player and manager (d. 2020)
  • 1943 – Daniel Frank Austin, American botanist (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – WG Sebald, German author and literary scholar (d. 2001)
  • 1946 – Andreas Katsulas, Greek-American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1947 – Hugh Keays-Byrne, English-Australian actor and film director (d. 2020)
  • 1950 – Thomas Gottschalk, German radio and television host, entertainer, and actor
  • 1954 – Eric Gerets, Belgian manager and former football player
  • 1955 – Chow Yun Fat, Chinese actor
  • 1957 – Michael Cretu is an artist born in Bucharest, Romania.
  • 1960 – Ben Chafin, American lawyer, farmer, and politician (d. 2021)
  • 1960 – Page Hamilton, American guitarist, soloist, and producer
  • 1962 – Sandra, German pop singer
  • 1965 – Bülent Tezcan, Turkish lawyer and politician
  • 1967 – Heinz Harald Frentzen, German Formula 1 driver
  • 1969 – Melahat Abbasova, Azeri-Turkish actress and director
  • 1969 – Helena Noguerra, Belgian actress, television presenter and singer
  • 1970 – Tina Fey, American author and comedian
  • 1971 – Sebastian Bezzel, German actor
  • 1972 – Ruhi Sarı, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor
  • 1975 – Sanem Çelik, Turkish theater and film actress
  • 1975 - John Higgins, Scottish professional snooker player
  • 1978 – Ricardo Carvalho, Portuguese football player
  • 1979 – Milivoje Novakovič, Slovenian international football player
  • 1980 – Diego Pérez, Uruguayan football player
  • 1981 – Edu Dracena, Brazilian football player
  • 1984 – Daniel Baier is a German football player.
  • 1984 – Eren Bakıcı, Turkish musician, dancer, actor, songwriter and member of Grup Hepsi
  • 1986 - Kevin Anderson, South African tennis player
  • 1987 – Luisana Lopilato, Argentine actress
  • 1988 – Taeyang, Korean R&B – Hip Hop singer
  • 1989 – Alexandru Chipciu is a Romanian football player.
  • 1989 – Stefan Ilsanker, Austrian football player
  • 1989 – Daniel Lafferty, Northern Irish national football player
  • 1989 – Mohammed Rashid Mezahiri, Iranian national football player
  • 1989 - Jonathan Rivierez, French football player
  • 1990 – Mizuki Hamada, Japanese football player
  • 1990 – Luke Kleintank is an American actor.
  • 1990 – Yuya Osako, Japanese international football player
  • 1990 – Heo Ga Yoon is a South Korean singer and actress.
  • 1991 – Celal Hasan is an Iraqi football player.
  • 1991 – David Pavelka, Czech football player
  • 1991 - Fernando Silva dos Santos, Brazilian football player
  • 1992 – Fernando Pacheco Flores, Spanish goalkeeper
  • 1993 – Alekseyev, Ukrainian singer-songwriter
  • 1993 – Jiří Prskavec, Czech slalom kayaker
  • 1993 – Ryohei Shirasaki is a Japanese football player.
  • 1994 – Clint N'Dumba-Capela, Swiss professional basketball player
  • 1994 – Edson Castillo, Venezuelan football player
  • 1994 – Aleksandar Čavric, Serbian football player
  • 1994 – Ebru Şahin, Turkish actress
  • 1995 – Berk Demir, Turkish professional basketball player who plays for Darüşşafaka, one of the Basketball Super League teams.
  • 1995 – Kimmy Granger, American porn star
  • 1995 – Thalles Lima de Conceição Penha, Brazilian football player (d. 2019)
  • 1995 – Tobias Salquist, Danish football player
  • 1997 – Alejandro Rejon Huchin, Mexican poet, cultural manager and journalist
  • 2002 – Alina Zagitova, Russian figure skater

Deaths

  • 893 – Stefanos I, Greek Orthodox patriarch from 886 to 893 (b. 867)
  • 1013 – II. Hisham, ruler of the Umayyad State of Andalusia, who was the caliph of Cordoba twice between 1 October 976 – 15 February 1009 and 23 July 1010 – 18 May 1013 (b. 965)
  • 1799 – Pierre Beaumarchais, French playwright, poet, and diplomat (b. 1732)
  • 1800 – Alexandr Suvorov, Russian field marshal (b. 1729)
  • 1839 – Caroline Bonaparte, sister of Emperor Napoleon I of France (b. 1782)
  • 1849 – José María Carreño, president of Venezuela (b. 1792)
  • 1909 – Isaac Albéniz, Spanish composer and pianist (b. 1860)
  • 1911 – Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (b. 1860)
  • 1922 - Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French doctor (b. 1845)
  • 1924 – Charles Vere Ferrers Townshend, British Indian Army officer and politician (b. 1861)
  • 1941 – Werner Sombart, German economist and sociologist (b. 1863)
  • 1965 – Eli Cohen, Israeli spy (b. 1924)
  • 1973 – İbrahim Kaypakkaya, Turkish revolutionary and founder of TKP/ML (b. 1949)
  • 1973 – Jeannette Rankin, American feminist politician (b. 1880)
  • 1976 – Zafer Cilasun, Turkish radio and television presenter (one of the first announcers of TRT) (b. 1939)
  • 1980 – Ian Curtis, singer, songwriter, and composer (b. 1956)
  • 1981 – Fuat Sirmen, Turkish politician and former President of the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TBMM) (b. 1899)
  • 1981 – William Saroyan, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1982 – Hamid Aytaç, Turkish calligrapher (b. 1891)
  • 1984 – Nasuh Akar, Turkish wrestler and Olympic champion (b. 1925)
  • 1988 – Daws Butler, American singer (b. 1916)
  • 1989 – Hermann Höcherl, German politician (b. 1912)
  • 1990 – Jill Ireland, English actress (b. 1936)
  • 1995 – Elizabeth Montgomery, American film and television actress (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Bridgette Andersen, American actress (b. 1975)
  • 2004 – Çetin Alp, Turkish pop music artist (b. 1947)
  • 2007 - Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Nobel Prize winner kazanFrench physicist who entered the Moments List in 1991 (b. 1932)
  • 2009 – Türkan Saylan, Turkish medical doctor, academician, writer, educator and former ÇYDD Chairman (b. 1935)
  • 2009 – Wayne Allwine, American voice actor (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, German baritone, conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Halldór Ásgrímsson, former prime minister and politician of Iceland (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – British scientist who discovered the structure of DNA with Raymond Gosling, Maurice Wilkins, and Rosalind Franklin (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Muzaffer Özpınar, Turkish composer and drummer (b. 1928)
  • 2016 – Fritz Stern, German historian and author (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Ian Watkin, New Zealand actor (b. 1940)
  • 2017 – Roger Ailes, American politician, Media executive and boss (b. 1940)
  • 2017 – Chris Cornell, American musician and vocalist (b. 1964)
  • 2017 – Anil Madhav Dave, BJP politician, environmentalist, and minister (b. 1956)
  • 2017 – Jacque Fresco, Industrial designer, social engineer, inventor, author, lecturer (b. 1916)
  • 2017 – Reema Lagoo, Indian actress (b. 1958)
  • 2018 – Stephanie Adams, American female model and author (b. 1970)
  • 2018 – Doğan Babacan, Turkish football player and referee (b. 1929)
  • 2018 – Iyad Fatah ar-Ravi, former senior soldier in the Iraqi Republican Guard (b. 1942)
  • 2018 – Darío Castrillón Hoyos, Colombian cardinal (b. 1929)
  • 2019 – Mario Baudoin, Bolivian biologist and environmentalist (b. 1942)
  • 2019 – Jean Beaudin, Canadian film producer, director, and screenwriter (b. 1939)
  • 2019 – Manfred Burgsmüller, German football player (b. 1949)
  • 2019 – Austin Eubanks, American motivational speaker (b. 1981)
  • 2019 – Analía Gadé, Argentine actress (b. 1931)
  • 2019 – Jürgen Kissner, German male cyclist (b. 1942)
  • 2019 – Geneviève Waïte, English-South African actress, model and singer (b. 1948)
  • 2020 – Marko Elsner, former Slovenian international football player (b. 1960)
  • 2020 – Bill Olner, British politician (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Ken Osmond, American actor and police officer (b. 1943)
  • 2020 – Willie K, American singer, songwriter, musician, and record producer (b. 1960)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Flag Day, Haiti
  • World AIDS Vaccine Day
  • International Museum Day

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