The General Directorate of Combating Desertification and Erosion of the Ministry of Environment, Urbanization and Climate Change has completed the "flood and erosion control works" carried out in the Kestel district of Bursa. 14 new projects will be started by the General Directorate within the scope of effective fight against floods and erosion. With the completion of these projects, the number of upstream flood control projects across the country will have increased to 174. Flood control projects that minimize the effects of flood disasters will also make a significant contribution to reducing the effects of climate change.
While it is known that the reduction of erosion, flood, avalanche and landslide damages caused by climate change is possible with sustainable land management, upstream flood and erosion control works stand out as the most effective method within the scope of sustainable land management.
Prevention of soil losses due to erosion; The "upper basin flood and erosion control works", which are carried out in order to minimize the damages that may arise from flood, avalanche and landslide disasters, include many sub-projects.
While flood control structures such as mortared improvement terraces, concrete and reinforced concrete improvement terraces, steel rubble barriers, gabion thresholds are constructed in the upper basin flood streams; In the gullies, turning ditches, dry wall thresholds, mixed thresholds, stone-filled wooden thresholds, geonet soil embankments, geonet sill soil embankments, bushy earth embankments, bushy live sills and lattice wire thresholds are made.
On the slopes, erosion control structures such as stone cordons, knitted fences, lattice wire fences, bush terraces, spout terraces, non-sloping terraces and terraced terraces are applied. These structures are; It regulates the flow regime of precipitation waters, creates a safe flow by reducing its energy and speed, and ensures the protection of the natural balance.
Thanks to the integrated basin, erosion control, flood and landslide control projects carried out in cooperation with relevant institutions and organizations, the transport of soil to seas, lakes and dams through erosion is also prevented.
14 projects in progress
The Ministry of Environment, Urbanization and Climate Change General Directorate of Combating Desertification and Erosion carries out project design studies in a total of 14 upper flood basins in the provinces of Sinop, Kastamonu and Erzurum in order to minimize the damages of possible flood disasters, reduce the effects of climate change, and protect natural resources and soil.
With the completion of these 14 projects, the number of upstream flood control projects across Turkey will have increased to 174.
The provinces where flood control projects have been carried out so far are as follows: Adana (2), Adıyaman (2), Afyonkarahisar (9), Ağrı (5), Aksaray (2), Amasya (4), Ankara (5), Antalya (1), Artvin (5), Aydın (6), Bartin (1), Bayburt (1), Bilecik (1), Bingol (2), Bitlis (1), Bolu (4), Bursa (1), Çankırı (1), Çorum (6), Diyarbakır (2), Düzce (5), Erzincan (3), Erzurum (6), Giresun (11), Hatay (3), Iğdır (2), Mersin (8), Kastamonu (6), Kayseri (1), Kırklareli (1), Konya (2), Kütahya (1), Malatya (1), Kahramanmaraş (1), Karabük (1), Muğla (2), Muş (1), Niğde (2), Ordu (1), Rize (7), Sakarya (5), Samsun (4), Sivas (2), Tekirdağ (1), Tokat (1), Trabzon (6), Şanlıurfa (2), Van (13), Yozgat (1)
Bursa / Kestel Upper Basin Flood Control Project completed
The "Bursa Province Kestel District Liplı Neighborhood Upper Basin Flood Control Project" carried out by the General Directorate of Combating Desertification and Erosion on an area of 192,81 ha was completed last month.
Box Gabion Threshold and Mortar Improvement Bench, 8 mortared improvement benches, 10 box gabions were built in the project area to minimize coastal scours, coastal collapses, coastal slides and gully erosion. Thanks to the thresholds and benches; The risk of loss of life and material damage that may occur as a result of sediment transport caused by floods and overflows will be minimized.