Today in History: Evliya Çelebi Begins His Travels

Evliya Celebi Started Traveling
Evliya Celebi Started Traveling

April 27 is the 117nd (118rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 248.

Railways

  • 27 April 1912 Yenice-Mamure (18 km) line was opened with Dorak-Yenice (97km) line on the Anatolian Baghdad Railway.
  • 27 April The Adana-Fevzipaşa part of the 1933 Cenup Railways Administration and the operation of the Adana station were transferred to the State Railways.

Events

  • 1640 – Evliya Çelebi's itinerary began with the Bursa-Istanbul-Izmit route.
  • 1749 – Handel's Fire Games Music performed for the first time in London's Green Park.
  • 1810 - Beethoven, his famous work Für Elise'composed it.
  • 1865 – The steamship Sultana, carrying 2300 passengers, exploded in the Mississippi River and sank: 1700 people died.
  • The 1908 – 1908 Summer Olympics started in London.
  • 1909 – II. Abdulhamid was deposed; Mehmed V took the throne instead.
  • 1927 – The first radio broadcast started in Turkey. Turkish Wireless Telephone Co. Inc. The private organization, which started its activities under the name of, continued its broadcasts until the state radio was established in 1938.
  • 1938 – A treaty of friendship was signed between Turkey and Greece.
  • 1940 – The law on the establishment of Village Institutes was accepted. Village Institutes, which aimed to educate, develop and connect the peasants to the land, were transformed into classical teacher schools after 1946.
  • 1941 – II. World War II: German troops enter Athens.
  • 1960 – Togo gained its independence from France.
  • 1961 – Sierra Leone gained its independence from Britain.
  • 1965 – Increasing United States involvement in the Vietnam War is protested in the streets of Paris in France.
  • 1978 - Afghan President Mohammad Daoud Khan and his Government are overthrown in a bloody coup after hours of street fighting.
  • 1981 - Xerox PARC Company introduces the first computer mouse.
  • 1988 – Naim Süleymanoğlu, who participated in an international championship for the first time for Turkey at the European Weightlifting Championship held in Cardiff, broke a world record and won three gold medals.
  • 1993 – Ankara State Theater started the practice of “truck theater”.
  • 1994 – The first democratic elections were held in South Africa where black citizens could also vote.
  • 2005 - Airbus A380 made its first flight.
  • 2007 – Turkish Armed Forces made a press statement. (see e-memorandum)
  • 2009 – 60 houses and workplaces were raided in the morning in Istanbul. A clash broke out at 05:30 in an apartment on Bostancı Emanet Street, one of the houses where the raids were carried out. In the armed conflict that lasted for 6 hours, Revolutionary Headquarters manager Orhan Yılmazkaya, Mazlum Şeker, who was shot in the head during the conflict, and Police Chief Semih Balaban died. At the same time, 7 police officers were injured in the clash.
  • 2009 – The law accepted as “May 1 Labor and Solidarity Day” by the Turkish Grand National Assembly, Official newspaperIt was published and entered into force.
  • 2010 – Aygül Özkan, a German citizen of Turkish origin, became a Minister for the first time in Germany.
  • 2016 – 469219 Kamoʻoalewa asteroid discovered.

Births

  • 81 BC – Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus was a Roman politician and general (d. 43 BC)
  • 1593 – Mumtaz Mahal, favorite wife of Shah Jahan, 5th Ruler of the Mughal Empire (d. 1631)
  • 1737 – Edward Gibbon, English historian (d. 1794)
  • 1748 – Adamantios Korais, humanist scholar who pioneered the development of the modern Greek literary language (d. 1833)
  • 1759 – Mary Wollstonecraft, English writer (d. 1797)
  • 1791 – Samuel Finley Breese Morse, American inventor (d. 1872)
  • 1812 – Friedrich von Flotow, German musician and opera composer (d. 1883)
  • 1820 Herbert Spencer, English philosopher (d. 1903)
  • 1822 – Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • 1856 – Tongzhi, Qing Dynasty (Manchu) emperor (d. 1875)
  • 1857 – Theodor Kittelsen, Norwegian painter (d. 1914)
  • 1876 ​​– Claude Farrère, French writer (d. 1957)
  • 1902 – Fehmi Ege, Turkish conductor and light music composer famous for his tango (d. 1978)
  • 1903 – Rikkat Kunt, Turkish illumination artist (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – Philip Hauge Abelson, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Jack Klugman, American actor and Emmy Award winner (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Pierre Rey, French writer (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Anouk Aimée, French film actor
  • 1932 – Derek Minter, British motorcycle racer (d. 2015)
  • 1935 – Theodoros Angelopoulos, Greek film director (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Sandy Dennis, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 1939 – Judy Carne, English actress (d. 2015)
  • 1941 – M. Fethullah Gülen, Turkish retired preacher, FETO leader
  • 1944 – Cuba Gooding Senior, American soul singer (d. 2017)
  • 1948 - Frank Abagnale was a check fraud in the 1960s
  • 1948 – Nil Burak, Turkish Cypriot singer
  • 1948 – Josef Hickersberger, Austrian football player and manager
  • 1951 – Hülya Darcan, Turkish actress
  • 1952 George Gervin, American former professional basketball player
  • 1954 – Frank Bainimarama, Fijian politician and naval officer
  • 1955 – Eric Schmidt, American software engineer, businessman, and Alphabet Inc.
  • 1956 - Kevin McNally, English actor
  • 1956 – Ramazan Kurtoğlu, Turkish academic, economist and contemporary political history expert
  • 1959 - Andrew Z. Fire, American biology professor
  • 1963 – Russell T Davies, Welsh producer and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Yoshihiro Togashi is a mangaka
  • 1967 – Willem-Alexander, 7th King of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • 1969 – Cory Booker, US politician
  • 1972 – Haruna Yukawa, Japanese war correspondent (d. 2015)
  • 1972 – Mehmet Kurtuluş, German actor of Turkish origin
  • 1972 – Silvia Farina Elia, Italian tennis player
  • 1972 – Zekeriya Güçlü, Turkish wrestler (d. 2010)
  • 1976 - Sally Cecilia Hawkins, English actress
  • 1976 – Walter Pandiani, Uruguayan football player and manager
  • 1978 – Neslihan Yesilyurt, Turkish director
  • 1979 – Vladimir Kozlov, Ukrainian actor, professional wrestler and filmmaker
  • 1983 – Francis Capra, American actor
  • 1984 – Patrick Stumph, American singer, songwriter, musician, producer, actor, and music critic
  • 1985 – Sheila Vand, American actress
  • 1986 – Jenna Coleman, English actress
  • 1986 - Dinara Safina, Russian tennis player
  • 1987 – Caesar Akgul, Turkish freestyle wrestler
  • 1987 – Fei is a Chinese singer and actress.
  • 1987 – William Moseley, English actor
  • 1988 – Güliz Ayla, Turkish singer
  • 1988 – Lizzo, American singer
  • 1988 - Nicky Jam, Spanish singer
  • 1989 - Lars Bender, former German international football player
  • 1989 – Sven Bender is a German football player.
  • 1989 – Nusret Yıldırım, Turkish basketball player
  • 1990 – Can Çelebi is a Turkish National Handball Team player.
  • 1991 - Isaac Cuenca, Spanish football player
  • 1995 – Nick Kyrgios, Australian tennis player
  • Berk Uğurlu, Turkish basketball player
  • Ko Shimura, Turkish football player
  • 1998 – Ahmet Canbaz, Turkish football player

Deaths

  • 630 – III. Erdeshir was the ruler of the Sassanid Empire from 628–630 (b. 621)
  • 1272 – Zita, Italian Christian saint (b. 1212)
  • 1353 – Simeon Ivanovich Gordiy, Grand Prince of Moscow 1340-1353 (b. 1316)
  • 1463 – Isidoros of Kiev, Greek Orthodox patriarch, member of the Paleologos Dynasty, Catholic cardinal, diplomat (b. 1385)
  • 1521 – Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer and sailor (b. 1480)
  • 1702 – Jean Bart, French admiral and pirate (b. 1650)
  • 1825 – Dominique Vivant Denon, French artist, painter, diplomat, and writer (b. 1747)
  • 1882 – Ralph Waldo Emerson, American author and philosopher (b. 1803)
  • 1893 – John Ballance, New Zealand politician (b. 1839)
  • 1894 – Charles Laval, French painter (b. 1862)
  • 1915 – Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (b. 1872)
  • 1937 – Antonio Gramsci, Italian thinker, politician, and Marxist theorist (b. 1891)
  • 1938 – Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (b. 1859)
  • 1969 – René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (b. 1919)
  • 1972 – Kwame Nkrumah, Ghanaian independence leader and President (b. 1909)
  • 1977 – Güner Sümer, Turkish theater and film actor (b. 1936)
  • 1977 – Naşit Hakkı Uluğ, Turkish journalist and Member of Parliament (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Celal Atik, Turkish wrestler and World and Olympic champion (b. 1918)
  • 1981 – Mübin Orhon, Turkish painter (b. 1924)
  • 1981 – Münir Nurettin Selçuk, Turkish singer and composer (b. 1900)
  • 1997 – Arif Sami Toker, Turkish composer (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born American writer (b. 1925)
  • 1999 – Al Hirt, American trumpet player (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Ruth Handler, businesswoman, president of American toy maker Mattel (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Mstislav Rostropovich, Russian cellist and conductor (b. 1927)
  • 2009 – Frankie Manning, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1914)
  • 2011 – Arman Kirim, Turkish academic and writer (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – Vujadin Boškov, Yugoslav former international football player and manager (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Micheline Dax, French theatre, film and television actress (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Andrea Parisy, French actress (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Turhan Tezol, Former professional basketball player (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Jay Appleton, English geographer and naturalist (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – Suzanne J. Crough, American actress (b. 1963)
  • 2015 – Verne Gagne, Former American professional wrestler and trainer (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Andrew Lesnie, Australian cinematographer (b. 1956)
  • 2016 – Gabriele Sima, Austrian opera singer (b. 1955)
  • 2017 – Vito Acconci, American designer, architect and artist (b. 1940)
  • 2017 – Nikolai Arefyev, Russian international football player (b. 1979)
  • 2017 – Vinod Khanna, Indian actor and filmmaker (b. 1946)
  • 2018 – Álvaro Arzú, Guatemalan former President and politician (b. 1946)
  • 2018 – Earl Balfour, Former Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1933)
  • 2018 – Maya Kuliyeva, Turkmenistani opera singer (b. 1920)
  • 2018 – Paul Junger Witt, American film and television producer (b. 1941)
  • 2018 – Vinod Khanna, Indian actor and filmmaker (b. 1946)
  • 2019 – Bart Chilton, American bureaucrat (b. 1960)
  • 2019 – Aleksey Lebed, Russian soldier and politician (b. 1955)
  • 2019 – Negasso Gidada, Ethiopian doctor and politician (b. 1943)
  • 2020 – Marina Bazanova, Soviet handball player (b. 1962)
  • 2020 – Mark Beech, English writer, journalist, critic and publisher (b. 1959)
  • 2020 – Asdrubal Bentes, Brazilian politician and lawyer from the state of Pará (b. 1939)
  • 2020 – Zafar Rasheed Bhatti, Pakistani journalist (b. 1950)
  • 2020 – Francesco Perrone, Italian long-distance runner (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – Troy Sneed, American gospel musician (b. 1967)
  • 2020 – Chavalit Soemprungsuk, Thai painter, sculptor, and printer (b. 1939)
  • 2020 – Nur Yerlitaş, Turkish fashion designer (b. 1955)
  • 2020 – Dragutin Zelenović, former Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1928)
  • 2021 – Jan Stefan Gałecki, Polish Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1932)
  • 2021 – Aristóbulo Istúriz, Venezuelan politician and academic (b. 1946)
  • 2021 – Kahi Kavsadze, Soviet-Georgian theatre, film and TV series actor (b. 1935)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Communication Design Day
  • Finland: Veterans Day
  • Sierra Leone: Republic Day
  • South Africa: Freedom day
  • Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, Saint Martin: Queen's Day

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