Today in History: Fatih Sultan Mehmet Begins the Operation to Siege Istanbul

Fatih Sultan Mehmet's Istanbul Siege Operation Has Begun
Fatih Sultan Mehmet's Istanbul Siege Operation Has Begun

April 2 is the 92nd (93rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 273.

Railways

  • 2 April 1933 Law No. 2135 on the construction of Elazığ branch line has been released.

Events

  • 1453 – Mehmet the Conqueror started the siege operation of Istanbul.
  • 1917 – The United States actually entered World War I.
  • 1918 – Withdrawal of Army Units of the Russian Empire and Western Armenia Administration from Van and Muradiye.
  • 1930 - Haile Selassie proclaims himself Emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 1948 – Writer Sabahattin Ali was killed by his guide Ali Ertekin while trying to cross the Bulgarian border. Ertekin was arrested on 28 December and his sentence was reduced. He was released with the amnesty law enacted in the same year.
  • 1948 – Opera House in Ankara, a ceremony attended by President İsmet İnönü, and then Adnan Saygun's “KeremHe opened the curtains with his opera.
  • 1950 – For the pardon of poet Nâzım Hikmet, who was imprisoned in Bursa Prison, prominent artists, writers and poets applied to İsmet İnönü with a symbolic petition signed collectively.
  • 1960 – The train with CHP Chairman İsmet İnönü going to Kayseri was stopped by the order of the Governor. İnönü, who was able to continue on his way with difficulty, was welcomed by 50 thousand people in Kayseri.
  • 1965 – United Nations Secretary-General U Thant; Turkey's special envoy to Cyprus refused the request to dismiss Galo Plaza.
  • 1971 – Prime Minister Nihat Erim presented the reform program to the Parliament.
  • 1971 – TÜSİAD was founded.
  • 1972 - Charlie Chaplin set foot in the United States for the first time in years, which he left in 1952 under McCarthy, when he was suspected of being a communist sympathizer. He had come to his former country to receive the Oscar special award.
  • 1975 – The CN Tower in Toronto (Ontario-Canada) is completed: the tower is the 553,33rd tallest building in the world at 3 m.
  • 1975 – Russian chess grandmaster Anatoli Karpov became “world chess champion” at the age of 23, after American Bobby Fischer refused to compete against him. kazanwas.
  • 1976 – The first Turkish Tourism Congress was held in Istanbul.
  • 1976 – Five people died and 4,8 houses were destroyed in the 80-magnitude earthquake that occurred in and around Doğubayazıt.
  • 1977 – In Ordu, a person named Cafer Aksu (Altuntaş) killed two people out of a blood feud. He was executed on September 12.
  • 1978 - Dallas is broadcast on American CBS television for the first time.
  • 1980 – The Process Leading to the September 12, 1980 Coup in Turkey (1979- September 12, 1980): Bülent Ecevit, on a Belgian television, “If the presidential election is delayed, other possibilities may arise, including a coup. Demirel creates depression on top of depression.” said. 11 people were killed across the country.
  • 1982 - Argentina invades the Falkland Islands.
  • 1984 – Rakesh Sharma, crew leader of the Soyuz T-11 spacecraft, is awarded the first Indian title to be sent into space. kazanwas.
  • 1987 – At the ECO meeting held in Istanbul, Turkey, Pakistan and Iran decided to launch a joint communication satellite into space.
  • 1989 – Mikhail Gorbachev went to Havana to meet with Cuban leader Fidel Castro and settle the disagreements between the two countries.
  • 1992 - Mafia boss John Gotti is arrested in New York for "murder" and "extortion".
  • 1992 – Armenia occupied Kelbajar.
  • 2001 – The leader of the İBDA/C organization Salih İzzet Erdiş, codenamed "Salih Mirzabeyoğlu", was sentenced to death for "attempting to change the constitutional order by force of arms".
  • 2006 – Hurricane kills in the US: 29 dead in Tennessee alone.
  • 2007 – The tsunami caused by the 8,1 magnitude earthquake that occurred in the Pacific Ocean hit the Solomon Islands: 28 people died.
  • 2020 – The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 crosses 1 million worldwide.

Births

  • 742 – Charlemagne, King of Germany (d. 814)
  • 1348 – IV. Andronikos Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1385)
  • 1514 – II. Guidobaldo della Rovere, Italian noble (d. 1574)
  • 1647 – Maria Sibylla Merian, German entomologist, scientific illustrator, and naturalist (d. 1717)
  • 1725 – Giacomo Casanova, Italian writer (d. 1798)
  • 1770 – Alexandre Pétion, 1st President of Haiti (d. 1818)
  • 1798 – August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, German poet (d. 1874)
  • 1805 – Hans Christian Andersen, Danish fairy tale writer (d. 1875)
  • 1827 – William Holman Hunt, English painter (d. 1910)
  • 1838 – Léon Gambetta, French politician (d. 1882)
  • 1840 – Émile Zola, French writer (d. 1902)
  • 1850 – Alexandre Vallaury, French architect and Istanbul Levantine (d. 1921)
  • 1862 – Nicholas Murray Butler, American educator, politician, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Eugen Sandow, American bodybuilder (d. 1925)
  • 1875 – Walter Chrysler, American automobile manufacturer (d. 1940)
  • 1878 – Mehmet Necati Lugal, professor of Turkish literature (d. 1964)
  • 1885 – Billy Hunter, Scottish football player and manager (d. ?)
  • 1891 – Max Ernst, German surrealist painter (d. 1976)
  • 1896 – Soghomon Tehlirian, Armenian committee member (d. 1960)
  • 1899 – Peyami Safa, Turkish writer and journalist (d. 1961)
  • 1914 – Alec Guinness, English stage and screen actor and Academy Award winner for Best Actor (d. 2000)
  • 1927 – Ferenc Puskás, Hungarian football player (b. 2006)
  • 1928 – Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (d. 1991)
  • 1939 – Marvin Gaye, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1948 – Ayşin Atav, Turkish actress
  • 1950 – Eleanor Barooshian, American singer (d. 2016)
  • 1960 – Mohammed Micarul Kayes, Bangladeshi bureaucrat and diplomat (d. 2017)
  • 1962 – Clark Gregg, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Ali Koç, Turkish businessman
  • 1969 – Mariella Ahrens, German actress
  • 1972 – Ashraf Saber, Italian athlete
  • 1974 – Tayfun Korkut, Turkish football player
  • 1975 – Pedro Pascal, Chilean-American actor
  • 1976 – Korel Algerian, Turkish actress
  • 1976 – Pattie Mallette, mother of Canadian singer Justin Bieber
  • 1977 – Michael Fassbender, German-Irish actor
  • 1979 – Aslı Tandoğan, Turkish TV series and film actress
  • 1979 – Bengü, Turkish singer
  • 1979 – Graphite, Brazilian football player
  • 1982 – Marco Amelia, Italian football player
  • 1984 – Engin Atsur, Turkish basketball player
  • 1986 – Selen Seyven, Turkish TV series, theater and film actress
  • 1994 – Pascal Siakam, Cameroonian professional basketball player
  • 1995 – Sergey Revyakin, Russian goalkeeper
  • 1997 – Herman Tømmeraas, Norwegian actor

Deaths

  • 991 – Bardas Skleros, Byzantine general
  • 1118 – Boudouin I, First Crusade leader (b. 1058)
  • 1412 – Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo, He is a Spanish nobleman
  • 1502 - Arthur Tudor, King of England VII. First child of Henry and Elizabeth of York (b. 1486)
  • 1595 – Pasquale Cicogna, 88th Duke of the Republic of Venice (b. 1509)
  • 1657 – III. Ferdinand, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1608)
  • 1665 – Jan Zamoyski, Polish noble (b. 1627)
  • 1738 – Atike Sultan, III. Ahmed's daughter (b. 1712)
  • 1791 – Honoré Gabriel Riqueti de Mirabeau, French politician (b. 1749)
  • 1861 – Peter Georg Bang, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1797)
  • 1872 – Samuel Morse, American inventor (b. 1791)
  • 1873 – Melek Cihan Hanım, wife of the Shah of Iran, Mohammed Shah (b. 1805)
  • 1891 – Ahmet Vefik Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier (b. 1823)
  • 1891 – Albert Pike, American poet, general, and 33rd Degree Grand Masonic (b. 1809)
  • 1896 – Theodore Robinson, American painter (b. 1852)
  • 1914 – Paul Heyse, German writer and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1830)
  • 1923 – Topal Osman, Turkish soldier (b. 1883)
  • 1928 – Theodore Richards, American chemist (b. 1868)
  • 1948 – Sabahattin Ali, Turkish writer (b. 1907)
  • 1953 – Hugo Sperrle, German field marshal (b. 1885)
  • 1966 – CS Forester, English writer (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Japanese martial arts master (b. 1889)
  • 1974 – Georges Pompidou, President of France (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Buddy Rich, American musician (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Necdet Evliyagil, Turkish poet and deputy (b. 1927)
  • 1995 – Hannes Alfvén, Swedish astrophysicist (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Edwin Starr, American singer (b. 1942)
  • 2005 – İhsan Topaloğlu, Turkish politician (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Pope II. John Paul, first Polish leader of the Catholic church (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Ömer Abuşoğlu, Turkish politician (b. 1951)
  • 2008 – Yakup Satar, Turkish Independence Medal holder and the last veteran of the War of Independence (b. 1898)
  • 2012 – Neslişah Sultan, grandson of the last Ottoman Sultan, Sultan Vahdettin, and the last Caliph Abdülmecit (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Jesús “Jess” Franco (Jesús Franco Manera) Spanish director, actor and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Milo O'Shea, Irish actor (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira, well-known Portuguese film director (b. 1908)
  • 2015 – Steve Stevaert, Belgian politician and former minister (b. 1954)
  • 2016 – Adil Adilzade, Azerbaijani soldier (b. 1993)
  • 2016 – Leandro Barbieri (known names: El Gato Barbieri ve Jeans Barbieri), Argentine jazz musician, composer, and saxophonist (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Gallieno Ferri, Italian comics artist and illustrator (b. 1929)
  • 2016 – Rasim Mammadov, Azerbaijani major (b. 1977)
  • 2016 – Murad Mirzeyev, Azerbaijani soldier (b. 1976)
  • 2016 – Amber Rayne, American pornographic film actress (b. 1984)
  • 2016 – László Sárosi, Hungarian former football player and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2017 – Kenneth J. Donnelly, American politician (b. 1950)
  • 2017 – Rafael Molina Morillo, Dominican Republic lawyer, journalist, diplomat and newspaper editor (b. 1930)
  • 2017 – Hakan Oruçkaptan, Turkish neurosurgeon specialist (b. 1959)
  • 2018 – Susan Florence Anspach, American actress (b. 1942)
  • 2018 – Dursun Ali Sarıoğlu, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, South African politician and activist (b. 1936)
  • 2019 – Matuk Adem, Libyan politician, former minister and poet (b. 1926)
  • 2019 – Rövşen Almuratlı, Azerbaijani actor, director and screenwriter (b.1954)
  • 2020 – Robert Lee Beck, American modern pentathlete and fencer (b. 1936)
  • 2020 – Gregorio “Goyo” Benito Rubio, Spanish international football player (b. 1946)
  • 2020 – Patricia Bosworth, American actress, journalist, and author (b. 1933)
  • 2020 – Bernardita Catalla, Filipino diplomat and politician (b. 1958)
  • 2020 – Zaccaria Cometti, Italian football player and manager (b. 1937)
  • 2020 – Oskar Fischer, East German politician who served as foreign minister of the German Democratic Republic (ADC) from 1975 to 1990 (b. 1923)
  • 2020 – Alfred William Frankland, English allergist physician (b. 1912)
  • 2020 – François de Gaulle, French Catholic priest and missionary (b. 1922)
  • 2020 – Juan Antonio Giménez López, Argentine comics artist (b. 1943)
  • 2020 – Anick Jesdanun, American technology journalist (b. 1969)
  • 2020 – Nirmal Singh Khalsa, Indian Ragi (b. 1952)
  • 2020 – Eddie Large, English comedian and actor (b. 1941)
  • 2020 – Maeve Kennedy McKean, American public health official, human rights activist, lawyer, and academic (b. 1979)
  • 2020 – Feriha Öz, Turkish academic, pathologist and professor of medicine (b. 1933)
  • 2020 – Rodrigo Pesántez Rodas, Ecuadorian writer and poet (b. 1937)
  • 2020 – Sergio Rossi, Italian shoe designer and businessman (b. 1935)
  • 2020 – Aaron Rubashkin, Russian-American businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2020 – Arnold Sowinski, French football player and manager (b. 1931)
  • 2020 – Aptripel Tumimomor, Indonesian politician, businessman and engineer (b. 1966)
  • 2020 – Arthur Whistler, American ethnobotanist, academic, and author (b. 1944)
  • 2021 – Valentin Ivanovich Afonin, Soviet-Russian former professional football player (b. 1939)
  • 2021 – Mihailo Kusnerenko, Ukrainian politician (b. 1938)
  • 2021 – Gabi Luncă, Romanian female singer (b. 1938)
  • 2021 – Mohammed Oreibi Al-Khalifa, Iraqi judge (b. 1969)
  • 2021 – Chepina Peralta, Mexican food chef and television host (b. 1930)
  • 2021 – Jean Luc Rosat, Uruguay-born Brazilian volleyball player (b. 1953)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Autism Awareness Day
  • Withdrawal of army units of the Russian Empire and Western Armenia Administration from Van (1918)
  • Withdrawal of army units of the Russian Empire and Western Armenia Administration from the Muradiye district of Van (1918)
  • Liberation of Van (1918)

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