Today in History: Project Competition for Anıtkabir Concluded

Project Competition for Anitkabir Concluded
Project Competition for Anitkabir Concluded

April 5 is the 95nd (96rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 270.

Railways

  • On April 5, 1857, the decision of the Rumeli Railway concession to the British Parliamentary Labro will not be extended.
  • April 5, 1858 The Ottoman Railway company from Izmir to Aydın was in cash trouble as its stocks were not paid on time. Construction of the company holidayed until November 1858
  • With the Law No. 5 of April 1925, 600, the “Havali-yi Sharkiye Railways Administration” was established in Erzurum. This Administration was established in order to operate the Erzurum-Kars line, which was taken over by the Parliament with Kars-Gyumri agreements. With the same law, "Construction and Operation General Directorate of Railways Construction" was established to operate other lines. Thus, railways started to be managed by 3 different organizations.
  • April 5, 1967 The first meeting of the Turkish Railways Union was held.
  • 5 April 2005 Ankara Gar TÜLOMSAŞ General Directorate of locomotives was introduced.
  • 5 April 2006 Polatlı-Duatepe Tunnel was opened in the first part of Ankara-Istanbul High Speed ​​Train Project. Authorities, Polatlı-Neonatal Tunnel and high-speed train studies were examined.

Events

  • 1453 – The navy of Fatih Sultan Mehmet arrived in the waters of Istanbul.
  • 1614 - Pocahontas married John Rolfe. The daughter of the chief of the Powhatan tribe had met Rolfe, a tobacco grower, when he was captured by the British.
  • 1804 - The first recorded meteorite crashed in Scotland.
  • 1909 – Ittihad-ı Muhammedi Party was founded in the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1925 - Kahramanmaraş received the Medal of Independence.
  • 1930 - Mahatma Gandhi, who completed his 300-mile trek across India, reaches the Dandi beach.
  • 1936 – A hurricane in Mississippi kills 233 people.
  • 1941 – The project competition for Anıtkabir was concluded; The project proposed by Emin Onat and Orhan Arda was selected.
  • 1944 – II. World War II: 270 people are killed by the Nazis in a town in Greece.
  • 1945 – II. World War II: Tito signs a friendship treaty with the Soviet Union.
  • 1946 – The Missouri Battleship brought the body of Turkey's Ambassador to Washington, Münir Ertegün, who died in the USA, to Istanbul.
  • 1949 – 77 people died in a fire at a hospital in Illinois.
  • 1951 - Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are sentenced to death for spying for the Soviet Union.
  • 1973 - Pierre Messmer becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1983 – CHP former Chairman Bülent Ecevit was given permission to go abroad. Ecevit went to Portugal for the Socialist International meeting.
  • 1984 – A passenger plane making the Jeddah-Damascus expedition was hijacked by a Syrian national hijacker and landed in Yeşilköy.
  • Turkish Retired Officers Association was established.
  • 1992 - The Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence.
  • 1994 – Set to be the day Kurt Cobain died. On April 8, her body was found in the garage of her Seattle home.
  • 1994 – 5 April Economic Measures Package was put into effect.
  • 1996 – Agos started its broadcasting life in Istanbul.
  • 1998 – The world's longest suspension bridge, the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, was opened, connecting the Japanese islands of Shikoku and Honshu.
  • 2002 – Alice in Chains lead singer Layne Staley overdose Archived August 2, 2012 at the Wayback Machine. died from When she was found at her home 15 days later, her body was unrecognizable. With the autopsy, his body and cause of death could be identified. His death coincides with Kurt Cobain's death.
  • 2009 – The Ministry of Health in Turkey banned the use of substances harmful to human health used for grinding jeans, after 40 workers died from silicosis.

Births

  • 1588 – Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (d. 1679)
  • 1622 – Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician and scientist (d. 1703)
  • 1784 – Ludwig Spohr, German composer, violin virtuoso and conductor, musicologist (d. 1859)
  • 1793 – Félix de Muelenaere, Belgian Roman Catholic politician (d. 1862)
  • 1799 – Jacques Denys Choisy, Swiss Protestant cleric and botanist (d. 1859)
  • 1812 – Vahtang Orbeliani, Georgian romantic poet and soldier (d. 1890)
  • 1816 – Samuel Freeman Miller, American physician and lawyer (d. 1890)
  • 1827 – Joseph Lister, English physician (d. 1912)
  • 1832 – Jules Ferry, former Prime Minister of France (d. 1893)
  • 1853 – Howard Pyle, American illustrator (d. 1911)
  • 1857 – Alexander I, first prince of the Principality of Bulgaria (d. 1893)
  • 1869 – Albert Roussel, French composer (d. 1937)
  • 1871 – Glenn Scobey Warner, football coach (d. 1954)
  • 1876 ​​– Behiç Erkin, Turkish soldier, politician and diplomat (d. 1961)
  • 1877 – Glenn Scobey Warner, American geneticist and medical doctor (d. 1916)
  • 1881 – Noe Ramishvili, Georgian politician (d. 1930)
  • 1882 – Natalya Sedova, second wife of Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky (d. 1962)
  • 1883 – Walter Huston, Canadian-born American actor (father of John Huston) (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – Hedwig Kohn, German physicist (d. 1964)
  • 1898 – Ömer Asım Aksoy, Turkish linguist (d. 1993)
  • 1899 – Alfred Blalock, American scientist and physician (d. 1964)
  • 1900 – Spencer Tracy, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Bette Davis, American actress and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1916 – Gregory Peck, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Robert Bloch, American Author (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – İlhan Arsel, Turkish academic, writer, researcher and senator (d. 2010)
  • 1920 – Arthur Hailey, English-Canadian writer (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Ernest Mandel, Belgian Marxist theorist (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Nguyen Van Thieu, Vietnamese soldier and politician (d. 2001)
  • 1925 – Sadri Alışık, Turkish cinema and theater actor (d. 1995)
  • 1926 – Ömer Faruk Akün, Turkish writer and academic (d. 2016)
  • 1926 - Roger Corman, American director
  • 1926 – Süleyman Seba, Turkish football player and 31st President of BJK (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Haldun Dormen, Turkish theater actor
  • 1929 – Hugo Claus, Flemish novelist, poet, playwright, painter, and film director (d. 2008)
  • 1929 – Ivar Giaever, Norwegian physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics
  • 1929 – Nigel Hawthorne, English actor (d. 2001)
  • 1933 – Feridun Buğaker, Turkish national football player (d. 2014)
  • 1937 - Colin Powell, former United States Secretary of State
  • 1942 – Pascal Couchepin, Swiss politician
  • 1942 – Peter Greenaway, Welsh director, painter and novelist
  • 1945 – Cem Karaca, Turkish musician and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Björn Granath, Swedish actor (d. 2017)
  • 1946 – Yavuz Turgul, Turkish motion picture director, screenwriter and journalist
  • 1949 – Judith Resnik, American engineer and NASA astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1950 – Ann C. Crispin, American author (d. 2013)
  • 1950 – Agnetha Fältskog, Swedish pop singer, composer and producer (ABBA)
  • 1950 – Toshiko Fujita, Japanese actress, voice actor, and singer (d. 2018)
  • 1950 – Nihat Özdemir, Turkish businessman
  • 1951 – Nedim Gürsel is a Turkish writer.
  • 1952 – Mitch Pileggi is an Italian-American actor.
  • 1955 – Charlotte de Turckheim, French actress
  • 1956 – Diamond Dallas Page, American wrestler and actor
  • 1961 Andrea Arnold, English filmmaker and former actor
  • 1961 – Lisa Zane, American actress and singer
  • 1962 – Lana Clarkson, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1965 – Aykut Kocaman, Turkish former football player and coach
  • 1968 – Barış Özatman, Turkish athlete
  • 1969 - Diamond D is an American record producer and rapper.
  • 1970 – Aylin Arasil, Turkish actress
  • 1970 – Yaşar, Turkish singer
  • 1971 - Krista Allen, American actress and model
  • 1973 – Élodie Bouchez, French film and television actress
  • 1973 – Pharrell, American record producer, singer and rapper (The Neptunes)
  • 1974 – Sandra Bagarić, Croatian opera singer and actress
  • 1975 – Juicy J, American rapper, songwriter, and producer
  • 1976 – Fernando Morientes, Spanish football player
  • 1979 – Timo Hildebrand, German football player
  • 1980 – Thomas Hitzlsperger, German football player
  • 1981 – Marissa Nadler, American musician, songwriter, and painter
  • 1982 - Hayley Atwell, British-American actress
  • 1984 – Marshall Allman, American actor
  • 1984 – Shin Min Ah, South Korean actress
  • 1984 - Aram MP3, Armenian singer-songwriter, comedian, entertainer and actor.
  • 1988 – Matthias Jaissle, German football player and manager
  • 1989 – Emre Gural is a Turkish football player.
  • 1989 – Justin Holiday, American professional basketball player
  • 1989 – Lily James, English actress
  • 1990 – Haruma Miura, Japanese actor and singer (d. 2020)
  • 1990 - Rhianna Ryan, American pornographic film actress
  • 1990 – Sercan Yıldırım is a Turkish former national football player.
  • 1993 – Scottie Wilbekin is an American-Turkish professional basketball player.
  • 1994 – Sei Muroya, Japanese national football player
  • 1997 - Borja Mayoral, Spanish football player

Deaths

  • 828 – Nikephoros I served as the 806th patriarch of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate between 815 and 268.
  • 1205 – Isabella of Jerusalem, becomes Queen Sovereign of the 12th Kingdom of Jerusalem (b. 1172)
  • 1684 – Karl Eusebius, Prince of Liechtenstein (b. 1611)
  • 1697 – XI. Karl, king of Sweden from 1660 until his death (b.
  • 1794 – Georges Danton, French lawyer and leader of the French Revolution (b. 1759)
  • 1794 – Camille Desmoulins, French journalist and politician (b. 1760)
  • 1794 – Fabre d'Églantine, French poet, actor, dramaturg and revolutionary (b. 1750)
  • 1794 – François Joseph Westermann, French revolutionary and commander (b. 1751)
  • 1825 – Vasily Chicherin, Russian general (b. 1754)
  • 1846 – Clotilde de Vaux, French poet and writer (b. 1815)
  • 1866 – Thomas Hodgkin, English physician (b. 1798)
  • 1882 – Pierre Guillaume Frédéric le Play, French mining engineer and sociologist (b. 1806)
  • 1900 – Gazi Osman Pasha, Ottoman Pasha (b. 1832)
  • 1923 – George Herbert de Carnarvon, English Egyptologist and collector (b. 1866)
  • 1945 – Heinrich Krippel, Austrian sculptor (b. 1883)
  • 1964 – Douglas MacArthur, American general (b. 1880)
  • 1967 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Rómulo Gallegos, Venezuelan novelist and politician (b. 1884)
  • 1975 – Chiang Kai-shek, Taiwan's first President (b. 1887)
  • 1976 – Howard Hughes, American aviator and businessman (b. 1905)
  • 1992 – Sam Walton, American businessman (b. 1918)
  • 1993 – Feyyaz Kayacan, Turkish writer (b. 1919)
  • 1994 – Kurt Cobain, American musician (Nirvana member) (b. 1967)
  • 1997 – Allen Ginsberg, American author (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Cozy Powell, English drummer (b. 1947)
  • 1998 – Frederick Charles Frank, English theoretical physicist (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – Layne Staley, American musician (b. 1967)
  • 2005 – Saul Bellow, American author (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Werner Maser, German historian, journalist and professor (b. 1922)
  • 2008 – Charlton Heston, American film and stage actor (b. 1923)
  • 2011 – Ange-Félix Patassé, Central African politician (b. 1937)
  • 2011 – Baruch Samuel “Barry” Blumberg, American physician and 1976 Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Bingu wa Mutharika, Malawian economist and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Ferdinand Alexander Porsche, German engineer and automobile designer (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Regina Bianchi, Italian TV and film actress (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – John Pinette, American stand-up comedian and actor (b. 1964)
  • 2015 – Francesco Smalto, Italian fashion designer and businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Kostas “Koço” Kasapoğlu, Greek-born Turkish football player (b. 1935)
  • 2017 – Arthur Bernard Bisguier, American chess player (b. 1929)
  • 2017 – Paul O'Neill, American composer, songwriter, producer, and songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 2017 – Margaret Kenyatta, Kenyan politician and diplomat (b. 1928)
  • 2017 – Reginald Harold Haslam ”Tim” Parnell, British Formula 1 racer (b. 1932)
  • 2017 – Maria Luisa Ozaita, Spanish pianist, musician, musicologist, conductor and composer (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Amelio “Memè” Perlini, Italian actor and film director (b. 1947)
  • 2018 – Yuri Abramochkin, Soviet-Russian photographer and photojournalist (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Eric John Bristow, English professional darts player (b. 1957)
  • 2018 – Mete Sözen, Turkish scientist, professor, civil engineer (b. 1930)
  • 2018 – Isao Takahata, Japanese anime director (b. 1935)
  • 2019 – Sydney Brenner, South African biologist (b. 1927)
  • 2019 – Ib Glindemann, Danish jazz musician (b. 1934)
  • 2019 – Nina Lagergren, Swedish businesswoman and radio broadcaster (b. 1921)
  • 2019 – Lasse Pöysti, Finnish actor, director, theater educator and writer (b. 1927)
  • 2020 – Honor Blackman, English actor (b. 1925)
  • 2020 – Eleanor Margaret Burbidge, British-American astrophysicist, academic, and educator (b. 1919)
  • 2020 – Mahmud Jibril, Libyan politician (b. 1952)
  • 2020 – Shirley Douglas, Canadian activist and actress (b. 1943)
  • 2020 – Lee Fierro, American actress and theater director (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – John Laws, British justice of appeals judge (b. 1945)
  • 2020 – Michel Parisse, French historian and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2021 – Joye Hummel, American comics artist and writer (b. 1924)
  • 2021 – Lefteris Mytilineos, Greek singer and musician (b. 1946)
  • 2021 – Paul Ritter, English stage, film and television actor (b. 1966)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Lawyers' Day

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