Important Tips for the Healthy Development of Babies

Important Tips for the Healthy Development of Babies
Important Tips for the Healthy Development of Babies

“How often should I breastfeed my baby?”, “Is it normal to vomit after each breastfeeding?”, “How should the sleeping pattern and lying position be in babies”… Many more questions about baby care for mothers and expectant mothers of a curious research process where there is a sweet rush. It means it's started. As well as the importance of breast milk in the first 6 months, the correct use of the pacifier, which increases the risk of middle ear infection after the 6th month, should also be known. How the baby should be dressed, why the baby cries frequently, and navel care are among the sensitive issues that should be known. From Memorial Diyarbakir Hospital, Department of Child Health and Diseases, Uz. Dr. Aycan Yıldız gave information about the most curious about baby care.

How often should the baby be breastfed?

From the first hour after birth, the baby should be breastfed. It is recommended to breastfeed whenever the baby desires, not falling below eight sucklings per day. Breast milk, which is high in nutritional value and facilitates digestion, should be given within the first 6 months without additional food. For babies who should not be left hungry for more than four hours, breast milk should be continued for a healthy development process until the age of two.

What are the indicators of insufficient breast milk?

Breast milk insufficiency, usually caused by nutritional deficiencies, stress and hormonal conditions, is determined by some symptoms to be seen in the baby. Among the most obvious and frequently encountered conditions are weight gain of less than 15-30 grams per day and not reaching birth weight on the tenth day. The constant desire to suckle and not hearing the swallowing sound are among the indicators of insufficiency. Sleep patterns, less than 6 urination frequency, less than three yellow stools, and green, brown and black stools in addition to all these signs are among the indicators of insufficient breast milk.

Is it normal to vomit a small amount after breastfeeding?

3% of babies younger than 80 months due to neonatal physiological reflux may vomit at least once a day. It doesn't matter if the baby's weight gain is also normal, unless there is a gushing and copious amount of vomiting.

Is it normal for babies to have hiccups?

If hiccups start during feeding, the position should be changed, the baby should be relieved by removing the gas. Feeding can be interrupted for a while, but if it lasts for a long time, it should be breastfed. If hiccups are prolonged, a few spoons of water can be given to the baby.

Should babies be given pacifiers?

The use of pacifiers is accepted as a way of relaxation for the baby by meeting the need for non-nutritive sucking. This may lead to breast confusion in the first months. After 6 months, it can increase the risk of middle ear infection. In this case, hygiene is of great importance. The pacifier should be cleaned well, honey, sugar, etc. should not be applied to food items. If it has fallen out of the baby's mouth, it should not be returned and should never be attached to the baby's clothing.

What position should the baby be placed in?

The risk of sudden infant loss is higher in prone and side-lying infants. Babies should be placed on their backs when not under parental supervision. Infants may only be placed in the prone position while awake and under observation. The right-left change of the head can be done on a weekly basis. There are some tricks for a comfortable and uninterrupted sleep. In order to ensure the main safety, toys, blankets, clothes, etc. in the bed. should not be. Contrary to popular belief, pillows should not be used and the baby should not be swaddled.

What should be the sleep pattern in babies?

Sleep patterns are different for every baby. The first days sleep time is quite long. However, after the first 3 days, his interest in the environment gradually increases and sleep patterns cannot be achieved in the first month. Most of the babies who are said to fit more or less sleep an average of 14-16 hours a day. However, like sleep patterns, the frequency of awakening also differs in infants. After reaching the fourth month, 90% of babies sleep 6-8 hours a night.

Why do babies cry?

Babies may cry during the day for no single reason. Even the desire to be held and taken care of sometimes manifests itself with crying. Babies who express their wishes with the crying method, hot or cold weather, hunger, insomnia, golden wet, etc. She may cry for reasons. Hugging, breastfeeding, giving a pacifier, listening to a lullaby or light music, walking, shaking it with soft movements, rubbing the back or belly should be tried during crying crises.

How should belly care be done?

When the baby is born, the navel is wiped with alcohol and covered with sterile gauze. After this procedure, no further operation or regular maintenance is required for the hub. However, it should be kept dry and clean as there may be a risk of infection.

How should the baby be bathed?

Bathing is not recommended in the first hours after birth by experts. A wiping bath is recommended until the navel falls. The baby should not have just been fed and the toiletries and water should be prepared before the baby is undressed. Suitable water temperature is 37-38 °C, can be looked at with the elbow. During the entire process, the baby should never be left alone near water. Care should be taken not to get cold during the bath and its duration should be limited to 2-3 minutes. First the head and then the body can be washed. Although there are products suitable for babies, soap and shampoo should not be used excessively.

What should be considered in baby body cleaning?

Foreign objects should not be inserted into the ears and nose for cleaning purposes. Hand-arm movement, which becomes more evident with the extension of the nails, can cause facial scratches and scratching the arms. Babies' nails should be trimmed with baby scissors with rounded ends. The best time to cut nails may be during sleep. In baby girls, the inner surface of the vagina should not be cleaned, it should always be wiped from front to back. In male babies, the foreskin should not be pushed back. If the baby's skin is dry, perfume-free baby lotion can be used.

How should the baby be dressed?

One of the most common mistakes is dressing the baby in layers, thinking that he is cold. Babies should wear one coat more than adults according to the season. Clothing that touches the baby's skin should be made of soft cotton fabric and the seams should not sink. For the first few months, baby clothes should be washed separately and rinsed twice. Fragrance-free, enzyme-free detergent or baby laundry soap should be used.

Is it inconvenient to operate the air conditioner in an environment with a baby?

The air conditioner can be used, but it should not be directly towards the baby and the room temperature should not fall below 22 C. During hot nights, only blankets and blankets may be required if the air conditioner is running during sleep. As with adults, babies should be dressed thinly in the heat. It is recommended to choose light loose and light colored clothes.

Do pets harm the baby?

Pets can show signs of jealousy with the presence of a new baby and changes in behavior. Before the baby comes home, an unwashed garment of the baby can be brought and smelled. The baby should not be allowed to enter the room alone. All vaccinations and maintenance must be done. Time should also be spent on the pet during this acclimation phase. If a pet is to be bought for the child, it would be more appropriate to wait until the age of 5-6.

When can I travel with a baby?

If there is a safety seat on the road trip, short trips can be made from the first day. Air travel should be done after the baby is at least one week old. However, if there is no urgency for this trip, it would be more appropriate to travel after the 6th week. Breastfeeding will ensure that the baby is comfortable during the landing and take-off of the plane.

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