There is kidney disease in more than 500 million people in the world and in one of every 7 people in our country. Nephrology Specialist Prof. Dr. Gülçin Kantarcı, in her statement on the occasion of the "World Kidney Day", drew attention to the fact that despite the prevalence of kidney diseases, there is still not enough and accurate information about hereditary kidney diseases, which are very common both in the world and in our country.
Hereditary kidney diseases are among the leading causes of chronic kidney diseases, which are known to have a significant socioeconomic impact. Pointing out that at least 10-15% of dialysis and kidney transplantation cases used in the treatment of kidney failure patients recently have hereditary kidney diseases, Nephrology Specialist Prof. Dr. Gülçin Kantarcı said, “A significant portion of these patients may be diagnosed with nonspecific/misdiagnosis or CKD of unknown etiology. This can affect the right treatment, patient follow-up and genetic counseling.”
FAMILY STORY INCREASES RISK
Yeditepe University Koşuyolu Hospitals Nephrology Specialist Prof. said, "In our patients who present with kidney diseases, we first consider the presence of a history of kidney disease among their relatives, especially if there is a hemodialysis patient," said Yeditepe University Koşuyolu Hospitals. Dr. Gülçin Kantarcı said, “Even having a kidney disease in their relatives is a risk factor for kidney disease. However, it is not proof that the cause of kidney disease is hereditary.
“ALL DISEASES THAT ARE HEEDED ARE EXISTED FROM BIRTH”
“Hereditary diseases may present symptoms from birth, as well as in advanced ages and early childhood years. Therefore, there are two forms according to the clinical manifestation period," said Prof. Dr. Gülçin Kantarcı gave the following information on the subject: “Actually, all inherited diseases are present from birth. However, it is not correct to divide the clinical findings into two according to the age of onset for every kidney disease. Some may start in both age groups, as well as occur in the adolescent age group.
Some hereditary diseases, such as childhood polycystic kidney disease, develop when the patient has the same gene in both parents. These diseases, which are very rare, are clinically very severe and occur at earlier ages. In some patients, it is sufficient to have the disease-causing gene in only one of the parents. Adult type polycystic kidney disease is one of the diseases that are inherited in this way.”
“HEEDABLE KIDNEY DISEASES CAN BE ACCOMPANYING OTHER DISEASES”
Giving the information that some hereditary kidney diseases pass according to gender, Prof. Dr. Gülçin Kantarcı reminded that there are also hereditary diseases accompanied by deafness of hearing or abnormality in the ear canal and some eye diseases in kidney diseases. prof. Dr. Gülçin Kantarcı continued her words as follows: “Functional or formal problems of the urinary bladder and urinary tract may also cause kidney diseases, and kidney diseases may develop due to location problems of the kidney. Each of these are inherited or congenital kidney problems that only affect that individual. It is very important to identify the cause correctly for the right treatment for each.”
KIDNEY FAILURE CAN BE AVOIDED WITH EARLY DIAGNOSIS!
Underlining that hereditary kidney diseases can cause many problems if they are not diagnosed on time and correctly, Yeditepe University Koşuyolu Hospital Nephrology Specialist Prof. Dr. Gülçin Kantarcı concluded her words as follows: “Some hereditary kidney diseases also cause protein leakage and result in progressive kidney failure. While some inherited diseases such as Alport Syndrome, which bleeds in the urine, may cause progressive renal failure, a group of diseases, including thin basement membrane disease that starts with similar clinical findings, follow a milder clinical course. Diseases that cause kidney and urinary tract stones are mostly hereditary diseases. It is possible to prevent the development of kidney failure by early diagnosis and genetic detection of these diseases. Having genetic information about this disease before having a child and starting nephrology follow-up in the early period can reduce the incidence of diseases and the progression to advanced kidney failure.