Today in History: First Winter Olympic Games Started in Chamonix

First Winter Olympic Games
First Winter Olympic Games

January 25 is the 25nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 340.

Railways

  • 25 January 1884 The Hejaz Governor and Commander Osman Nuri Pasha presented ve The Peace and Punishment for the Hejaz in Jeddah and the Reform of the Yemen ve to the Sultan and the Babıali. Layiha, Damascus, Hijaz and Yemen between the penitentiary and telegraph lines of the laying of the Hijaz and Yemen provinces were emphasized that it is important against the dangers from outside.

Olaylar

  • 1072 – Divânu Lügati't-Türk, the first dictionary work of Turkish culture written in Turkish, began to be written by Kaşgârlı Mahmut. (Finished on February 10, 1074.)
  • 1327 – III. Edward became King of England.
  • 1348 – An earthquake occurs in Venice, killing hundreds of people.
  • 1363 – Ottoman Empire in the Battle of Serbsındigi kazanwas.
  • 1554 – Founding of São Paulo.
  • 1573 – Battle of Mikatagahara
  • 1579 – The Treaty of Utrecht is signed and the foundations of modern-day Netherlands are laid.
  • 1755 - Moscow University was founded.
  • 1792 - The London Corresponding Society, considered the first political organization of the poor classes, was founded in England.
  • 1831 – Poland's independence is proclaimed with the fall of Nicholas I and the Romanovs.
  • 1858 – by Felix Mendelssohn A Midsummer Night's Dream of his work Wedding Anthem After being played at the wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter, it became popular music at weddings around the world.
  • 1872 – Hasköy Shipyard workers went on strike.
  • 1881 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell founded the Oriental Telephone Company.
  • 1890 – The Montevideo treaty is signed between Argentina and Brazil.
  • 1918 - Russia proclaimed the Soviet Union (USSR).
  • 1919 – At the Paris Peace Conference; It was decided to establish a League of Nations that would establish and maintain international peace and trust.
  • 1919 – Armenians announced that they had seized the Government building in Antep and seized the Administration.
  • 1924 – The first Winter Olympic Games started in Chamonix.
  • 1926 – Laws on sugar, oil and gasoline monopoly are passed.
  • 1932 - The Soviet Union and Poland sign a non-aggression pact.
  • 1936 – A contract was signed with the ferry company in Istanbul, allowing all cabotage to be transferred to the Maritime Administration.
  • 1937 – Cincinnati floods cause oil reserves to explode, the city engulfs in flames.
  • 1939 – Celal Bayar Government resigned. The new government was established under the presidency of Refik Saydam.
  • 1942 - Thailand declares war on the United States and the United Kingdom.
  • 1949 – The first elections were held in Israel. David Ben-Gurion became Prime Minister.
  • 1950 – In the USA, former bureaucrat Alger Hiss was sentenced to 5 years in prison for being a communist spy, without any proof.
  • 1950 – Roads were closed in Central Anatolia Region and Eastern Anatolia Region due to severe winter, Çubuk Dam froze.
  • 1951 – Battle of Kumyangjang-ni
  • 1952 – The Ministry of National Education of the Republic of Turkey issued a circular; Starting from the 1952-1953 academic year, high school education will be increased to 4 years.
  • 1952 – Minister of Customs and Monopoly Sıtkı Yırcalı announced that the match monopoly was abolished; private sector will be able to produce matches.
  • 1954 – The temperature dropped to -30 degrees Celsius in Ankara; schools were suspended.
  • 1956 – Turkish Pharmacists Association was founded.
  • 1957 - India annexed Kashmir.
  • 1958 – 25 people were arrested in Istanbul for making communist propaganda. Doctor Hikmet Kıvılcımlı was among those arrested.
  • 1966 – Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Aid to Turkey Consortium caught Turkey's attention; inflation is increasing rapidly.
  • 1968 – Turkish Army Football Team became the world champion.
  • 1969 – Peace talks between the United States and North Vietnam begin in Paris.
  • 1971 – Idi Amin overthrew Milton Obote in a coup and became the President of Uganda.
  • 1973 - Prime Minister Ferit Melen said "Torture is a lie". When Bülent Ecevit said it was a lie, he was attacked by the Republican Trust Party (CGP).
  • 1974 – The Republican People's Party (CHP) and the National Salvation Party (MSP) signed a government partnership protocol.
  • 1977 – In one year, 510 student incidents occurred in Istanbul, 13 students died.
  • 1980 – In the 73 days that Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel's minority government was in office, it was announced that 497 people were killed for political reasons, 779 people were injured and 72 robberies took place.
  • 1981 - Mao's widow Jiang Qing is sentenced to death.
  • 1985 – II. Louis Stadium, Prince of Monaco III. It was opened by Rainier.
  • 1986 – The National Resistance Movement overthrew the Tito Okello Government in Uganda.
  • 1987 – Insured for $30 million The Magnificent Solomon Exhibitionopened at the National Museum of Art in Washington, the capital of the United States.
  • 1988 – Turkey signed the UN Convention Against Torture.
  • 1991 – The Council of Ministers allowed speaking and singing in Kurdish.
  • 1991 – In the face of a week-long offensive by the United States and its allies, Saddam Hussein's administration set fire to oil wells in Kuwait and dumped crude into the gulf.
  • 1995 – Russia launches a research rocket launched by Norway over the United States. Trident mixed with his missiles, it almost launched a nuclear counterattack.
  • 1996 - Russia's entry into the Council of Europe.
  • 1996 – One last execution by hanging in the USA. Murder criminal Billy Bailey was hanged in the US state of Delaware.
  • 1997 – Yaşar Kemal received the International Nonino Award at a ceremony held in Italy.
  • 1999 – A 6,0 magnitude earthquake hits western Colombia, killing at least 1000.
  • 2002 – Wikipedia upgrades its software (“Phase II”), or what is known as Magnus Manske Day.
  • 2004 - The space probe Opportunity landed on the surface of Mars.
  • 2005 - The city of San Francisco bans smoking in squares, parks, and other public places in the city. The penalty was announced as $100.
  • 2005 - 258 people died in a stampede during a pilgrimage ceremony in India.
  • 2006 – The World Social Forum, one of the world's largest anti-globalization actions, started in Venezuela.
  • 2006 – The Islamic Resistance Movement Hamas, which participated in the elections for the first time, won the general elections held in Palestine and ended the 10-year rule of Fatah. Ismail Haniyeh became Prime Minister on February 19, but Israel stopped all negotiations with the Hamas Government.
  • 2011 – North American blizzard from January 25-27.
  • 2015 – SYRIZA (Radical Left Coalition) Party came first in the general elections and formed the new government of Greece.

births

  • 750 – IV. Leo Khazar, Byzantine Emperor (d. 780)
  • 1627 – Robert Boyle, Irish chemist (d. 1691)
  • 1736 – Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician (d. 1813)
  • 1759 – Robert Burns, Scottish poet (d. 1796)
  • 1776 – Joseph Görres, German writer and journalist (d. 1848)
  • 1790 – Moritz Daffinger, Austrian painter (d. 1849)
  • 1801 – Henri de Brouckère, Belgian noble and liberal politician (d. 1891)
  • 1812 – Pierre de Decker, Belgian Roman Catholic politician, statesman, and author (d. 1891)
  • 1823 – Zeynalabdin Tagiyev, Azerbaijani businessman (d. 1924)
  • 1832 – Ivan Shishkin, Russian landscape painter, engraver, and technical illustrator (d. 1898)
  • 1842 – Vilhelm Thomsen, Danish linguist and Turkologist (d. 1927)
  • 1843 – Hermann Schwarz, German mathematician (d. 1921)
  • 1852 – Petras Vileišis, Lithuanian engineer, political activist, and philanthropist (d. 1926)
  • 1855 – Eduard Meyer, German historian (d. 1930)
  • 1860 – Charles Curtis, American lawyer and politician (d. 1936)
  • 1862 - Ann Elizabeth Isham, RMS Titanic a passenger on a ship (d. 1912)
  • 1866 – Émile Vandervelde, Belgian Social Democrat, Politician, President of the Second Socialist International (d. 1938)
  • 1872 – Mikola Skripnik, Ukrainian Bolshevik revolutionary and President of the Ukrainian Council of People's Commissars (d. 1933)
  • 1874 – W. Somerset Maugham, English novelist, playwright, and short story writer (d. 1965)
  • 1878 – Ernst Alexanderson, American electrical engineer (d. 1975)
  • 1881 Emil Ludwig, German writer (d. 1948)
  • 1882 Virginia Woolf, English writer (d. 1941)
  • 1886 – Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor and composer (d. 1954)
  • 1894 – Aino Aalto, Finnish architect and designer (d. 1949)
  • 1896 – Florence Mills, African-American cabaret actress, singer, comedian, and dancer (d. 1927)
  • 1899 – Paul-Henri Spaak, Prime Minister of Belgium (who pioneered the founding of NATO and the EEC) (d. 1972)
  • 1917 – Ilya Prigogine, Belgian chemist, physicist, and Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Jeanne Brabants, Belgian dancer, choreographer and teacher (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Samuel T. Cohen, American physicist and inventor of the neutron bomb (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Arvid Carlsson, Swedish scientist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2018)
  • 1923 – Hıfzı Topuz, Turkish journalist and writer
  • 1926 – Yusuf Şahin, Egyptian film director (d. 2008)
  • 1927 – Antonio Carlos Jobim, Brazilian composer, pioneer of the Bossa Nova movement, performer, pianist and guitarist (d. 1994)
  • 1927 – Marian Brown, one of the iconic “San Francisco Twins” in the USA (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Vivian Brown, one of the iconic “San Francisco Twins” in the USA (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Eduard Shevardnadze, President of Georgia (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Paavo Haavikko, Finnish poet (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Corazon Aquino, Filipino politician (d. 2009)
  • 1935 – James Gordon Farrell, British author (d. 1979)
  • 1936 – Onat Kutlar, Turkish film critic and writer (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – Vladimir Visotsky, Russian stage actor, songwriter, and folk singer (d. 1980)
  • 1942 – Eusébio, Portuguese football player (d. 2014)
  • 1948 - Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahyan, 2nd President of the United Arab Emirates
  • 1951 – Numan Pekdemir, Turkish double bass player
  • 1954 – David Grossman, Israeli writer
  • 1955 – Tōru Iwatani, Japanese video game designer
  • 1958 – Mehmet Sekmen, Turkish politician
  • 1960 – Dursun Çiçek, Turkish soldier and politician
  • 1962 – Ruşen Çakır, Turkish journalist
  • 1978 – Ahmet Dursun, Turkish football player
  • 1980 – Fulden Akyürek, Turkish actress
  • 1980 – Michelle McCool, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Paulo Assunção, Brazilian football player
  • 1980 – Xavi, Spanish football player
  • 1981 – Alicia Keys, American singer, songwriter, composer, and actress
  • 1981 – Toşe Proeski, Macedonian singer (d. 2007)
  • 1982 – Maxim Shabalin, Russian figure skater
  • 1982 – Noemi, Italian singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Ömür Arpacı, Turkish actress
  • 1984 – Robinho, Brazilian football player
  • 1985 – Tina Karol, Ukrainian singer
  • 1986 – Feis Ecktuh, Dutch rapper and musician (d. 2019)
  • 1996 – Calum Hood, Australian musician and guitarist on 5 Seconds of Summer
  • 2000 – Arda Berk Kaya, Turkish basketball player

Weapon

  • 477 – Genseric, Vandal King (b. 389)
  • 1176 – Ibn Asakir, Arab historian and hadith scholar (b. 1105)
  • 1559 – II. Christian, King of Denmark (b. 1481)
  • 1578 – Mihrimah Sultan, daughter of Suleiman the Magnificent and Hürrem Sultan (b. 1522)
  • 1891 – Theo van Gogh, Dutch art dealer (b. 1857)
  • 1891 – Henri de Brouckère, Belgian noble and liberal politician (b. 1801)
  • 1896 – Frederic Leighton, English painter (b. 1830)
  • 1921 – William Thompson Sedgwick, American academic (b. 1855)
  • 1938 – Yevgeny Polivanov, Soviet linguist (b. 1891)
  • 1942 – Ahatanhel Krymsky, Ukrainian scientist and academic (b. 1871)
  • 1947 – Al Capone, American gangster (b. 1899)
  • 1951 – Sergey Vavilov, Soviet physicist (b. 1891)
  • 1952 – Sveinn Björnsson, first President of Iceland (b.1881)
  • 1954 – Manabendra Nath Roy, Indian revolutionary, theorist, and activist (b. 1887)
  • 1958 – Cemil Topuzlu, Turkish surgeon (founder of modern surgery in Turkey, former Mayor of Istanbul and Dean of Faculty of Medicine) (b. 1866)
  • 1960 – Rutland Boughton, British opera and western classical composer, conductor, and music festival organizer (b.
  • 1971 – Donald Winnicott, English psychoanalyst (b. 1896)
  • 1972 – Erhard Milch, German Generalfeldmarschalli (b. 1892)
  • 1987 – Nahuel Moreno, Argentine Trotskyist leader (b. 1924)
  • 1990 – Ava Gardner, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 1997 – Jeane Dixon, American astrologer and psychic (b. 1904)
  • 2004 – Miklós Fehér, Hungarian football player (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Anna Malle, American porn star (b. 1967)
  • 2009 – Orhan Duru, Turkish writer and journalist (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Demis Roussos, Greek singer (b. 1946)
  • 2015 – Haruna Yukawa, Japanese war correspondent (b. 1972)
  • 2016 – Ergüder Yoldaş, Turkish musician and composer (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – John Hurt, English film-TV actor and voice actor (b. 1940)
  • 2020 – Garbis Zakaryan, Armenian-born Turkish boxer and trainer (b. 1930)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Storm: Winter Severe Storm

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