Today in History: Eurasia Ferry Hijacked by Armed Activists

Eurasia Ferry Hijacked by Armed Activists
Eurasia Ferry Hijacked by Armed Activists

January 16 is the 16nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 349.

Railways

  • 16 January 1889 American citizen Lafeyet de Feriz was given the privilege of the Thessaloniki-Monastery line.
  • 16 January 1902 The will of the sultan about the Baghdad Railway agreement.
  • 16 January 1919 The British occupied the 5 room at the Haydarpasa Station and seized the coffers of the Anatolian-Baghdad Company.
  • 16 January 1939 The new platform hall was opened in Istanbul Sirkeci Station.
  • 1969 – Metroliner train goes into service.

Olaylar

  • 1547 – The Russian Czar Ivan the Terrible was crowned.
  • 1556 – II. Felipe became King of Spain.
  • 1595 – Sultan III. Murat died at the age of 48. III. Mehmet ascended the throne.
  • 1795 - France occupied the Dutch city of Utrecht.
  • 1804 - French physicist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac rose to 7.016 m in a hydrogen balloon, setting a record that would not be broken for the next 50 years.
  • 1846– First Ministry of Agriculture (Ministry) was established.
  • 1914 – Altay SK was founded.
  • 1920 – League of Nations held its first meeting in Paris.
  • 1925 – In the Soviet Union, Leon Trotsky was dismissed as War Commissar.
  • 1928– Cemal Reşit Rey’s work for voice and piano called “12 Anatolian Turks†was performed for the first time.
  • 1928 – Doctor Âefik Hüsnü Deymer and his friends' Turkish Communist Party lawsuit started.
  • 1929 Nikolay Bukharin, who had a disagreement with – Josef Stalin resigned from the presidency of the Communist International.
  • 1945 – Adolf Hitler moves to the Führerbunker.
  • 1952 – Journalist and writer Ercüment Ekrem Talu was awarded the French "Légion d'honneur". The author was deemed worthy of this award for his contributions to Turkish-French cultural relations.
  • 1956 – International Press Institute, announced that there is pressure on the press in Turkey.
  • 1960 – Workers' Insurance Institution Istanbul Hospital was opened by President Celal Bayar.
  • 1961 – United States of America, donated 43 million dollars to Turkey.
  • 1965 – In the village of Karakurt, in the Kırkağaç district of Manisa, reactionaries rose up and attacked school teachers. Kırkağaç Deputy District Governor, who went to the scene, was seriously injured by the villagers with stones and wood. 23 people were arrested.
  • 1969 – Metroliner train goes into service.
  • 1970 - Muammar Gaddafi becomes Prime Minister of Libya.
  • 1979 – Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi left Iran with his family and settled in Egypt.
  • 1979 – Revolutionary Democratic Culture Associations, “Removal of non-Kurdish civil servants from the region in the East”  A primary school teacher was beaten by a group in Mardin Kızıltepe because his decision was not fulfilled by the state and he was warned to leave the city.
  • 1980 - Scientists succeeded in producing interferon.
  • 1983 – Turkish Airlines' 'Afyon' plane crashed in Ankara: 47 people died.
  • 1985 – Populist Party (HP) deputy Bahriye Üçok had proposed a law that would punish men who commit adultery. Parliament rejected the proposal.
  • 1986 - The first meeting of the Internet engineering special force.
  • 1986 – The International PEN Congress convened in New York called the Turkish Government to review its stance on writers.
  • 1987 – Chinese Communist Party Leader Hu Yaobang resigns as a result of student demonstrations in Beijing's Tiananmen Square on January 1; was replaced by Zao Ziyang.
  • 1991–USA launches air raids and missile attack on Iraq. Operation Dead Storm, Iraq's industrial and war potential completely destroyed and prepared the ground for the invasion of the country in 2003.
  • 1992 - The El Salvador Government and rebels sign a treaty in Mexico City, ending a 75-year civil war that has claimed the lives of at least 12 people.
  • 1992 – Hatip Dicle and Leyla Zana, originating from the People's Labor Party, resigned from the Social Democratic Populist Party.
  • 1996 – Jennie Kim was born.
  • 1996 – “Eurasia ferry†was taken hostage in the port of Trabzon with 177 passengers and 55 crew members by armed activists and abducted towards “Istanbul. Activists said they wanted to draw attention to the problem of Chechenistan.
  • 1998 – With the Welfare Party's closure by the Constitutional Court, Necmettin Erbakan was banned from politics.
  • 2000 – Ricardo Lagos is elected Chile's first socialist president since Salvador Allende.
  • 2002 – UN Security Council decided to freeze all assets of  Osama bin Laden and Taliban members.
  • 2003 – The space shuttle Columbia left Cape Canaveral (United States). (The shuttle disintegrated on its return to Earth on February 1, and the 7-man flight crew lost their lives).
  • 2005 - Adriana Iliescu became the oldest mother in the world, giving birth at the age of 66.
  • 2006 – Mehmet Ali A¤ca went to GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital with his lawyer Mustafa Demirba¤ to have his military service done. Demirbağ, the result of the inspection, is delivered to Ağca. unfit for military service reported that the report was given.
  • 2010 – Events in Istanbul, which is the “2010 European Capital of Culture”, started with celebrations at seven different points of the city.

births

  • 1409 – René I, king of Naples (ö. 1480)
  • 1477 – Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)
  • 1536 – Yi I, Korean Neo-Confucian philosopher and writer (ö. 1584)
  • 1728 – Niccolo Piccinni, Italian composer (d. 1800)
  • 1749 – Vittorio Alfieri, Italian dramatist (d. 1803)
  • 1821 – John C. Breckinridge, American politician, lawyer, soldier, and 14th vice president of the United States (d. 1875)
  • 1836 – II. Francis, last king of the Two Sicilies (d. 1894)
  • 1836 – Inoue Kaoru, Japanese politician (d. 1915)
  • 1838 – Franz Brentano, German psychologist and philosopher (d. 1917)
  • 1849 – Eugène Carrière, French symbolist painter and lithographer (d. 1906)
  • 1853 – André Michelin, French engineer and industrialist (ö. 1931)
  • 1853 – Ian Hamilton, senior officer in the British Army (ö. 1947)
  • 1855 – Eleanor Marx, Marxist writer and political activist (ö. 1898)
  • 1859 – Jón Magnússon, Prime Minister of Iceland (d. 1926)
  • 1861 – Dilpesend Lady, II. Abdulhamid's fifth wife (d. 1901)
  • 1878 – Harry Carey, American actor (ö. 1947)
  • 1878 – Mehmed Abdulkadir Efendi, II. Son of Abdülhamid and Bidâr Kadınefendi (d. 1944)
  • 1885 – Michel Plancherel, Swiss mathematician (d. 1967)
  • 1890 – Karl Freund, German cinematographer and director (ö. 1969)
  • 1895 – Evripidis Bakircis, Greek military officer and politician (d. 1947)
  • 1897 – Bedia Muvahhit, Turkish theater and cinema artist (first Turkish woman to appear on the stage) (ö. 1994)
  • 1901 – Fulgencio Batista, President of Cuba (ö. 1973)
  • 1906 – Abdullah Ziya Kozanooğlu, Turkish architect, contractor, novelist, comics writer, sports manager and 11th President of Besiktas Gymnastics Club (pre. 1966)
  • 1911 – Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean politician (ö. 1982)
  • 1913 – Edoardo Detti, Italian architect and urban planner (d. 1984)
  • 1924 – Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (ö. 2002)
  • 1932 – Dian Fossey, American ethologist (d. 1985)
  • 1933 – Susan Sontag, American author (d. 2004)
  • 1935 – Udo Lattek, German manager and former football player (d. 2015)
  • 1936 – Halit Øap›n, Turkish journalist and writer (ö. 2006)
  • 1948 – John Carpenter, American director, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1950 – Daniel Vischer, Swiss politician (ö. 2017)
  • 1958 – Andrey Bal, Ukrainian football player and coach (ö. 2014)
  • 1958 – Ayşenur İslam, Turkish politician
  • 1959 – Sade, Nigerian singer and songwriter
  • 1971 – Vuslat Doğan Sabancı, Turkish journalist and businessman
  • 1972 – Gökhan Ertan, Turkish photographer (d. 2012)
  • 1972 – Ümran Kıyman, Turkish boxer (ö. 2012)
  • 1973 - Josie Davis, American actress
  • 1974 – Kate Moss, British model
  • 1975 – Ayça Binöl, Turkish actress
  • 1976 – Debbie Ferguson, Bahamian athlete
  • 1979 – Aaliyah, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1982 – Tuncay Å anlı, Turkish football player
  • 1983 – Emanuel Pogatetz, Austrian football player
  • 1983 – Erkan Kolçak Köstendil, Turkish actor and singer
  • 1985 – Craig Jones, British motorcycle racer (d. 2008)
  • 1985 – Şahika Ercümen, Turkish freediver and underwater hockey player
  • 1996 – Jennie Kim, South Korean singer

Weapon

  • 1263 – Shinran, Japanese Buddhist monk (d. 1173)
  • 1299 – Hüsameddin Lâçin, Mamluk sultan (b. ?)
  • 1391 – V. Muhammed, Emir of Gırnata (d. 1338)
  • 1545 – George Spalatin, German reformer (d. 1484)
  • 1595 – III. Murad, 12th sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1546)
  • 1598 – Fyodor I, Russian tsar (b. 1557)
  • 1710 – Higashiyama, 113th emperor of Japan (b. 1675)
  • 1794 – Edward Gibbon, English historian (b. 1737)
  • 1806 – Nicolas Leblanc, French physicist, surgeon and chemist (d. 1742)
  • 1852 – John Payne Todd, Married to James Madison whose mother would become US president (d. 1792)
  • 1864 – Cheoljong, 25th king of the Joseon Kingdom (b. 1831)
  • 1885 – Edmond About, French writer, novelist, and publisher (b. 1828)
  • 1886 – Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (b. 1834)
  • 1891 – Léo Delibes, French composer (d. 1836)
  • 1896 – Ali Afkati, Ottoman journalist (d. 1848)
  • 1933 – Bekir Sami Kunduh, Turkish politician and diplomat (Turkey's first Foreign Minister) (b. 1867)
  • 1949 – Vasily Degtyaryov, Russian weapons designer (b. 1880)
  • 1957 – Arturo Toscanini, Italian conductor and violinist (b. 1867)
  • 1969 – Petras Klimas, Lithuanian diplomat, writer and historian (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – August Heissmeyer, Schutzstaffelprominent member of (b. 1897)
  • 2005 – Recep Birgit, Turkish classical music artist (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Ron Carey, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Burhan Doğançay, Turkish painter and photographer (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Pauline Phillips, American radio broadcaster and activist (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Afet Ilgaz, Turkish writer (b. 1937)
  • 2016 – Carina Jaarnek, Swedish singer (b. 1962)
  • 2017 – Amin Nasir, former Singaporean international football player and manager (b. 1968)
  • 2020 – Christopher Tolkien, English writer (youngest son of JRR Tolkien) (b. 1924)
  • 2021 – Muammer Sun, Turkish composer (b. 1932)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Hygiene Day
  • Press Pride Day

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